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2nd Army


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#1 ADMIN

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Posted 12 November 2006 - 02:08 PM

Posted Image

NAME:
Second Army / 2nd Army / Second United States Army

NICKNAME:
None.

BATTLE HONORS:
None reported.

ACTIVATED:
Oct 15, 1918
Oct 20, 1939

DEACTIVATED:
April 15, 1919
1966


HISTORY:
World War I

Second Army's task during the First World War was to hold the line a short distance east of the Moselle River in France following the end of the Saint-Mihiel offensive along the Western Front. The army was also tasked with reinforcing units from the active-in-combat soldiers of the U.S. First Army.

On 10 November, Second Army advanced on German positions, already in disorder and retreating. Word did not reach the units advancing until after eleven-hundred hours on 11 November, making it one of the last units to fight to the very conclusion of the war.

On 15 April of the following year, Second Army was inactivated.

Subordinate Units

Along the line

U.S. 33rd Division (Illinois National Guard)
U.S. 28th Division (Pennsylvania National Guard)
U.S. 7th Division (Regular Army)
U.S. 92nd Division (United States Colored Troops)


In reserve

U.S. 4th Division (Regular Army)
U.S. 35th Division (Missouri and Kansas National Guard)
One brigade, U.S. 88th Division (Minnesota and North Dakota National Guard)



1920s to 1930s

World War I did not spell the end of the Second Army. With tensions in Europe and Asia heating up, on October 20, 1939 the Second Army was once again reactivated.


World War II

Throughout the war, the Second Army's headquarters was located in Memphis, Tennessee.

Its mission was as the Army's premier stateside training facility for army ground troops. By the end of the war, fifty-seven of the Second Army's superbly trained divisions had been sent into combat.

Of course, the training emphasis of the Second Army in Memphis was not merely for warfare, but also for Army medical studies. It was the prevailing attitude by many GIs that, while hygiene standards were high during initial boot camp conditions, the closer to combat situations they came, the more GIs believed these standards did not matter - thus hygiene considerations should be relaxed. This lead to increasing reports of poor hygiene leading to a variety of diseases. In response to these problems, the Army commissioned numerious studies during the Second Army's battlefield training maneuvers. The focus of these studies was to find out the typical hygiene habits of GIs in the field. It was through these studies that the Army was able to modify their training in order to impress on soldiers that hygiene was still just as important (if not more so) on the battlefield.

In 1945, with the war over and the GI's being processed out of the Army, the Army Ground Forces, Second Army at Fort Benning became the temporary unit assignment for a number of ground force units.

Post-World War II

On June 15, 1947, the Second Army's headquarters was transfered from Baltimore, Maryland to Fort Meade in Maryland. Not long after the Second Army was re-designated as the Second United States Army.

The Second Army's mission at Fort Meade was primiarly as a training ground for the Organized Reserves. It operated out of Fort Meade for nearly 20 years until the Army began to consolidate its formations.

Army consolidation in 1966 caused the Second Army to be inactivated and merged with First Army.

Divisional history from:
http://en.wikipedia.....S._Second_Army
http://www.ftmeade.a...il/history.html
https://www.infantry...ent/history.htm
http://www.globalsec.../army/317qm.htm
http://www.globalsec.../fort-meade.htm
http://history.amedd...rs/chapter2.htm


#2 SFC

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Posted 01 May 2008 - 11:12 AM

other variations of the second Army
Henrik

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#3 SFC

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Posted 01 May 2008 - 11:13 AM

and the backs

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Edited by SFC, 01 May 2008 - 11:15 AM.


#4 Desertrat

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Posted 20 May 2008 - 12:46 PM

DSC01771.JPG

DSC01772.JPG


Flat top and 2 different cut corner versions

#5 Teamski

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Posted 14 September 2008 - 05:24 AM

Several Variations. I'm not sure the ranger tab goes with the patch, but I have seen it being shown as such.

-Ski

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#6 36-tex

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Posted 24 June 2011 - 04:54 PM

Here are some 2nd Army variations

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#7 Bocage

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Posted 10 August 2011 - 09:03 AM

Here's my 2nd army patch...

http://img98.imageshack.us/img98/5485/2011080999912.jpg

http://img851.imageshack.us/img851/3313/2011080999913.jpg

#8 36-tex

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Posted 09 August 2012 - 06:49 PM

Post WWII German made

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#9 36-tex

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Posted 09 August 2012 - 06:49 PM

reverse

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#10 vzemke

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Posted 16 May 2015 - 03:53 PM

Two interwar period examples.

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#11 vzemke

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Posted 16 May 2016 - 12:33 PM

Another inter-war period 2nd Army, this time on a square background 

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#12 Desertrat

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Posted 12 April 2017 - 10:57 AM

Greenback

 

GB 2nd Army.jpg  

 

 

GB 2nd Army b.jpg



#13 doyler

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Posted 01 August 2018 - 07:52 PM

2018_0730RAIDERUSMC0060.JPG

 

2018_0730RAIDERUSMC0062.JPG




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