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2nd Army


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NAME:

Second Army / 2nd Army / Second United States Army

 

NICKNAME:

None.

 

BATTLE HONORS:

None reported.

 

ACTIVATED:

Oct 15, 1918

Oct 20, 1939

 

DEACTIVATED:

April 15, 1919

1966

 

 

HISTORY:

World War I

 

Second Army's task during the First World War was to hold the line a short distance east of the Moselle River in France following the end of the Saint-Mihiel offensive along the Western Front. The army was also tasked with reinforcing units from the active-in-combat soldiers of the U.S. First Army.

 

On 10 November, Second Army advanced on German positions, already in disorder and retreating. Word did not reach the units advancing until after eleven-hundred hours on 11 November, making it one of the last units to fight to the very conclusion of the war.

 

On 15 April of the following year, Second Army was inactivated.

 

Subordinate Units

 

Along the line

U.S. 33rd Division (Illinois National Guard)

U.S. 28th Division (Pennsylvania National Guard)

U.S. 7th Division (Regular Army)

U.S. 92nd Division (United States Colored Troops)

 

In reserve

U.S. 4th Division (Regular Army)

U.S. 35th Division (Missouri and Kansas National Guard)

One brigade, U.S. 88th Division (Minnesota and North Dakota National Guard)

 

 

1920s to 1930s

 

World War I did not spell the end of the Second Army. With tensions in Europe and Asia heating up, on October 20, 1939 the Second Army was once again reactivated.

 

 

World War II

 

Throughout the war, the Second Army's headquarters was located in Memphis, Tennessee.

 

Its mission was as the Army's premier stateside training facility for army ground troops. By the end of the war, fifty-seven of the Second Army's superbly trained divisions had been sent into combat.

 

Of course, the training emphasis of the Second Army in Memphis was not merely for warfare, but also for Army medical studies. It was the prevailing attitude by many GIs that, while hygiene standards were high during initial boot camp conditions, the closer to combat situations they came, the more GIs believed these standards did not matter - thus hygiene considerations should be relaxed. This lead to increasing reports of poor hygiene leading to a variety of diseases. In response to these problems, the Army commissioned numerious studies during the Second Army's battlefield training maneuvers. The focus of these studies was to find out the typical hygiene habits of GIs in the field. It was through these studies that the Army was able to modify their training in order to impress on soldiers that hygiene was still just as important (if not more so) on the battlefield.

 

In 1945, with the war over and the GI's being processed out of the Army, the Army Ground Forces, Second Army at Fort Benning became the temporary unit assignment for a number of ground force units.

 

Post-World War II

 

On June 15, 1947, the Second Army's headquarters was transfered from Baltimore, Maryland to Fort Meade in Maryland. Not long after the Second Army was re-designated as the Second United States Army.

 

The Second Army's mission at Fort Meade was primiarly as a training ground for the Organized Reserves. It operated out of Fort Meade for nearly 20 years until the Army began to consolidate its formations.

 

Army consolidation in 1966 caused the Second Army to be inactivated and merged with First Army.

 

Divisional history from:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/U.S._Second_Army

http://www.ftmeade.army.mil/history.html

https://www.infantry.army.mil/362eng/content/history.htm

http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/agency/army/317qm.htm

http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/fac.../fort-meade.htm

http://history.amedd.army.mil/booksdocs/ww...rs/chapter2.htm

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Flat top and 2 different cut corner versions

Jerry Wise,SGT.,TXARNG,RET.

 

 

The highest obligation and privilege of citizenship is that of bearing arms for one's country-G.S. Patton

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Several Variations. I'm not sure the ranger tab goes with the patch, but I have seen it being shown as such.

 

-Ski

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In Memory Of......
Pte Harold Griffiths, 1805, 1/6th Manchester Regt, KIA June 4th, 1915 in Gallipoli
Cpl Isaac Judges, 40494, 6th East Yorkshire Regt, KIA October 3rd, 1917 in Ypres
May they rest in peace.....

MSgt - USAF Retired

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Here's my 2nd army patch...

 

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In my patch collection I mainly focus on World War Two to early post-WW2 Divisional Shoulder Sleeve Insignia | Always buying 94th Infantry Division WW2 items, books, photos, patches and post-WW2 veteran's reunion items. | Selling and/or trading my german militaria collection | All pictures are taken by me and objects shown are part of my collection, unless stated otherwise | It's okay to use the pictures for non-commercial purposes (eg. study, reference, etc.) | 94th Infantry Division Historical Society Lifetime Member | 29th Infantry Division Historical Society Member | ASMIC Member | Join ASMIC today via: https://www.asmic.org/join.aspx Make sure to like 94th Infantry Division Books on Facebook

 

All the best!

Bocage

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In Memoriam:
Lieutenant J.Kostelec 1-3 First Special Service Force MIA/PD 4 March 1944 Italy
I HAVE SEEN THE ENEMY AND IT IS DAYLIGHT
Forget about the tips..We'll get hell to pay (AC/DC)
"If you cant get out and run with the big dogs then sit on the porch and bark at the cars going by.."

Have you Hugged a Clown Today?

You Cant Get A Sun Tan On The Moon..





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