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Army HBT Uniforms - General Notes


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There were several versions of Herringbone Twill (HBT) Uniforms used during WW2. The comments here address the Army Olive Drab versions only. There were also versions in camo material, as well as separate designs for the Navy and the Marine Corps.

 

The Army description of these uniforms did not include a Model Number or a Date. The date was part of the specification. Over the years either the surplus trade or military collectors have taken to calling these uniforms by a "M and date" to distinguish which version was being discussed. Since it is fairly common practice I will use the same method here.

 

The following is a list of standard models. Since this HBT material continued in use post WW2 I will add other models as they are received into the Reference Section.

 

M1941 - Consisting of:

JACKET, HERRINGBONE TWILL (SPEC NO 45, 3 APRIL, 1941)

TROUSERS, HERRINGBONE TWILL

 

M1942 - Consisting of:

JACKET, HERRINGBONE TWILL (SPEC NO 45B, 2 NOVEMBER, 1942)

TROUSERS, HERRINGBONE TWILL

 

JACKET, HERRINGBONE TWILL, SPECIAL (SPEC NO 45B, 2 NOVEMBER, 1942)

TROUSERS, HERRINGBONE TWILL, SPECIAL (SPEC NO 42A, 30 OCTOBER, 1942)

 

The use of the word "SPECIAL" is to distinguish which garments have gas flaps and in the case of the jacket there are also two buttons behind the collar to secure the antigas hood.

 

M1943 - Consisting of:

JACKET, HERRINGBONE TWILL, SPECIAL, OD SHADE 7 (SPEC NO 45D, 12 MARCH, 1943)

TROUSERS, HERRINGBONE TWILL, SPECIAL , OD SHADE 7 (SPEC NO 42C, 10 MARCH, 1943)

 

The M1941 and M1942 model uniforms, while an OD shade, were a lighter sage green color. With the M1943 model the OD7 shade was standarized.

 

Over the life of these uniforms there were several variations in manufacturing.

 

A common variation is buttons. The closed (solid) face button with 13 stars clustered in the center is as close to a standard button as you can find. In addition to this there is an open faced button with 13 stars around the circumference. There is another open faced button with a florial or wheat design around the circumference. This wheat button is also seen on the Navy version HBT's. Later versions had plastic buttons as well.

 

Another common variation is pocket size, shape and design. These vary by manufacturer and time period and are to numerous to list.

 

I will create a thread for the M1941 Uniform and a separate thread for the M1942 and M1943 Uniforms combined since they are very similar.

 

There is a pair of trousers also know as M1943 that are made as a cold weather set to go with the M1943 Field Jacket. Please do not confuse these two styles. The cold weather pair is made of smooth poplin material but often has a HBT material trim inside.

 

Please add any comments, suggestions or requests concerning these uniforms to this thread and I will try to include it in the correct uniform thread.

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PLEASE NOTE: THIS COMMUNITY MEMBER, SADLY, HAS PASSED AWAY

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