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Compasses - Various designs and time periods


craig_pickrall

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craig_pickrall

Lesatic Compass - WW2 period through 1950

 

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craig_pickrall

Zipper Pouch - First pattern with undated early compass

 

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craig_pickrall

Compass Pouch with Dura-Last snap closure. There has been much discussion about this pouch but no photographic proof of it's use. If you should know anything of it's orgin or period of usage please comment.

 

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craig_pickrall

Various pouches for the WW2 era Lensatic Compass. These were used through the early 1950's.

 

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craig_pickrall

In 1951 the compass went through it's first major redesign since about 1942 or 43. The most obvious difference is the increase in size and the addition of a map scale on one side.

 

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craig_pickrall

The compass pouch design was also changed to accomodate the newer design. A WW2 era pouch is shown lower left for a size comparison.

 

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Later First Aid Pouches became dual usage pouches for both compasses and first aid dressings. Some of these pouches are marked just for compasses, some are marked just for dressings and some are marked for both. There is no difference in the design of the pouch, just the marking changes.

 

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craig_pickrall

M1949 Wrist Compass

 

The top example has the cover intact and the lower example has had the cover removed.

 

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craig_pickrall

This is the US Navy MK 1 MOD 0 Compass used by underwater swimmers. This includes UDT / SEAL Teams.

 

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craig_pickrall

This is a wrist compass included in many Survial Kits during Vietnam.

 

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craig_pickrall

Wrist Compass used by parachutist during WW2

 

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  • 3 weeks later...

Here it is an interesting compass and its place. In my opinion it must be shock-proof compass. As we can see it is placed in the seat-type USAAF's parachute and it is a part of pilot's survival set.

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craig_pickrall

That compass is like the one shown in post #2.

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  • 1 year later...

These came from a trunk full of WWII items from a US Army Air Force CBI Hump pilot. They are not US issue but were carried by American GI's when they could get them. I have seen first hand accounts of US fliers carrying these in Europe and Asia.

 

These are so-called escape compasses, designed to not only point the way but to be easily hidden as well. They are probably both British made but would have available for US airmen in the CBI theatre.

 

This one could be sewn on as a button (the British used it as a fly button on BDU's). When needed, it could be removed and one piece - with a small spike on it - became the compass base. The other piece, magnetized and with north and south marked by dots, "floats" on the base and points to north.

 

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Also called a "button compass", a modern version of this next one is still being made as the "NATO survival compass" ( NATO Stock Number 6605 99 522 0223 for the trivia-minded). This one is the WWII version and could be swallowed for concealment (adding a whole new meaning to the phrase, "Please pass the compass"). The Brits had buttons and cap badges which could conceal one of these.

 

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There some other concealable compass styles including one button style that hangs on a thread.

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  • 2 months later...

Do you have any information about manufacturers of the various "sweetheart" compasses that were part of the "Red Purses" made by the British and prt of the escape and evasion kits?

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HA! I just noticed that there is a filter on forum posts! It actually changed the word above from "a$$h0le" to sweatheart. if I ever called my sweatheart an A-hole I think my "A" would be handed to me!

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  • 3 weeks later...

Some USMIL survival kit compasses (post WWII), the smallest one in the bottom pic is of unknown origin, but appears to be a very high quality "escape" compass.

 

 

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