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The Brazilian Order of the Southern Cross


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Hi All,

 

The Brazilian Order of the Southern Cross was originally known as the Imperial Order of the Southern Cross and awarded to officers, NCOs and men of the Brazilian Imperial Army and Navy during the war against Paraguay (1865-1870), called War of the Triple Alliance (Brazil, Argentina and Uruguay against Paraguay). This order was certainly awarded to some members of allied armies.

 

Founded on December 1, 1822 by Emperor Peter I of Brazil (IV of Portugal), but abolished by decree of February 24, 1891. Re-established by President Getúlio Vargas on December 5, 1932.

 

The difference between both, is in the fact of that the Imperial Order of the Cruise destined it dignitários Brazilians and foreigners.

 

Already National Order of the Southern Cross (ONCS) for force of the cited decree was restricted the foreign personalities. Its concession or act to grant is given for presidential decree, configuring an act of foreign affairs. It is the highest Brazilian decoration attributed the foreign citizens. In the truth it is a form of the Brazilian Government to reverenciar foreign that they carry through great done for the country.

 

Description: The hashmark of the Order is a star of five enamelled of white and orlados arms of silver golden, seated on a crown and encimada for a wreath, both made of leves of tobacco and coffee, having, in the center, in celestial blue field, the constellation of the Southern Cross, enameled of white and, in the circumference, blue circle ferrete, legend BENEMERENTIUM PREMIUM, in polishing gold. In the reverse efígie of the Republic, in gold with the legend FEDERATIVE REPUBLIC OF BRAZIL "(Art. 2º of the Regulation).

 

 

Comes is six classes:

Grand Collar

Grand Cross

Grand Official

Commander Official

Knight

 

The Grand Cross (pre-1945):

 

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Best regards,

 

Ricardo.

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Some americans winners examples:

 

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GENERAL CURTIS EMERSON LEMAY

 

His distinguished service has won him many awards and decorations from his government, as well as from foreign governments. The United States has awarded him the Distinguished Service Cross, the Distinguished Service Medal with two oak leaf clusters, the Silver Star, the Distinguished Flying Cross with two oak leaf clusters, the Air Medal with three oak leaf clusters, the Distinguished Unit Citation with oak leaf cluster, the American Defense Service Medal, the American Campaign Medal, the European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal with three service stars, the Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal with four service stars, the World War II Victory Medal, the Army of Occupation Medal with the Berlin Airlift emblem, the Medal for Humane Action and the National Defense Service Medal.

 

His foreign decorations include the British Distinguished Flying Cross; the French Legion of Honor-Degree of Commander, and the Croix de Guerre with Palm; the Brazilian Order of the Southern Cross, and the Order of Aeronautical Merit, the Russian Order of Patriotic War-1st Degree; the Belgian Croix de Guerre with Palm; the Moroccan Oissam Alaouite, the Chilean Order of Merit and Medalla Militar de Primera Clase; the Argentinean Order of Aeronautical Merit--Grade of Grand Official and Grade of Grand Cross; the Swedish Commander of the Grand Cross of the Royal Order of the Sword; the Ecuadorian Order of Aeronautical Merit (Knight Commander) and the Uruguayan Aviador Militar Honoris Causa (Piloto Commandante).

 

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General of the Army Dwight D. Eisenhower

 

General Eisenhower’s decorations follow:

 

Distinguished Service Medal with 3 Oak Leaf Clusters

Distinguished Service Medal (Navy)

Legion of Merit

Mexican Border Service Medal

Victory Medal, World War I

Victory Medal, World War II

American Defense Ribbon

European-African-Middle Eastern Service Ribbon (9 stars)

Army Occupation – World War II

Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath (G.C.B.)

North African Star (British) with silver numerals 8 and 1

Distinguished Service Star (Philippines)

Grand Cross of the Legion of Honor (France)

Grand Cordon of the Order of Nichan Iftikhar (Tunisia)

Grand Cross of the Order of Ouissam Alaouite Cherifien (Morocco)

Order of Suvorov, First Degree

Star of Abdon Calderon, 1 st Class, Ecuadorian Government

Polish Military Order “Virtuti Militari”

Croix de Guerre with Palms (France)

Chevalier of the Order of Polonia Restituta (Poland)

Cross of Liberation (France)

Order of Victory (Russia)

Order of Merit (Great Britain)

Grand Cross of the National Order of Honor and Merit (Haiti)

Knight of the Grand Cross of the Order of the Lion of he Netherlands

Grand Croix de l’ Ordre Grand-Ducal de la Couronne de Chene (Luxembourg)

Medaille Militaire (Luxembourg)

Grand Cordon of the Order of Leopold with Palm (Belgium)

Croix de Guerre of 1940 with Palm (Belgium)

Cross of Grunwald, 1 st class (Poland)

Gold Star of the Order of the White Lion for Victory

Order of the White Lion of Czechoslovakia, 1 st Class

Czechoslovak Military Cross, 1939

Order of the Elephant (Denmark)

Grand Cross of the Royal Order of St. Olaf, 1946 (Norway)

Order of Military Merit, degree of Grand Cross (Brazil) 1946

Order of Aeronautical Merit, degree of Grand Cross (Brazil) 1946

Grand Cross, National Order of the Southern Cross (Brazil) 1946

War Medal (Brazil) 1946

Campaign Medal (Brazil) 1946

Grand Cross, Order of Vasco Nunez de Balbao 1946

Order of Military Merit (degree of first class) Mexico 1946

Aztec Eagle, degree of 1 st class, 1946 (Mexico)

Medal of Civic Merit (Mexico) 1946

Cross of Military Merit, First Class (Guatemala)

Order of Merit, degree of Grand Cross ( Chile) 1947

L’ Ordre d’ Ismal Grand Cordon ( Egypt) 1947

Order of Yn-Fei (Order of Cloud & Banner, Grand Cordon, Special Class

(China) 18 Sept 1947

Grand Cross of the Order of George I, with Swords (Greece)

Knight Grand Cross, Military Order of Italy, 1948

Knight Grand Cross, with Cordon, order of Solomon, Ethiopia, 1948

 

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GENERAL IRA C. EAKER

 

 

General Eaker is a pilot with 12,000 flying hours in 30 years of flying. His military decorations include the Air Force Distinguished Service Medal; Army Distinguished Service Medal with two oak leaf clusters; Navy Distinguished Service Medal; Silver Star; Legion of Merit; Distinguished Flying Cross with oak leaf cluster; Air Medal; World War I and II Victory Medals; American Defense Service Medal; American Campaign Medal; and the European-African-Middle East Campaign Medal with bronze service stars.

 

General Eaker's foreign decorations include the Bolivian Order of Condor of the Andes; the Chilean Order Al Merito, Officer; Peruvian Order of the Sun of Peru, Officer; Venezuelan Order of the Liberator, Officer; Knight of the British Empire; Brazilian Order of the Southern Cross, Grand Official Order; Russian Order of Kutusov, Second Degree; Yugoslavian Partisan Star, First Class; French Legion of Honor, Grand Officer; French Croix de Guerre with Palm; Italian Grand Master of the Order of Saints Maurice and Lazarus; British Knight Commander of the Bath; Brazilian Order of Aeronautical Merit; Polish Military Order of the Gold Cross of Merit with Swords.

 

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Commander Douglas Elton Fairbanks, Jr., US Naval Reserve

 

In addition to the Silver Star Medal and the Legion of Merit, Commander Fairbanks was awarded the American Defense Service Medal, Fleet Clasp, with bronze "A," (USS Mississippi); the American Area Campaign Medal; the European-African-Middle Eastern Area Campaign Medal with one bronze star (USS Wichita); the World War II Victory Medal; and the Expert Pistol Shot Medal. He also has the Decoration and Diploma of Office of the National Order of the Southern Cross, conferred by the Brazilian government; the Legion of Honor (Chevalier), and the Croix de Guerre with Palm, by the Government of France; and the Distinguished Service Cross, awarded by the Government of Great Britain.

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Medals by GLM statses that he has his "famous chest" display in his den.

Can Gary share a pic or a link so we could enjoy this "famous chest".

I would love to see it.

Also, great post. Is this Grand Cross in your collection? I have several uniforms and Southern Crosses in my collection.

Thanks for sharing.


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Medals by GLM statses that he has his "famous chest" display in his den.

Can Gary share a pic or a link so we could enjoy this "famous chest".

I would love to see it.

Also, great post. Is this Grand Cross in your collection? I have several uniforms and Southern Crosses in my collection.

Thanks for sharing.

 

Hi Chris,

 

Thanks Mate! thumbsup.gif

 

Yes, this Grand Cross is mine.

 

Some images send me by Gary (GLM):

 

"Hi Ricardo -

 

It took me awhile, but I found this "Famous Chests" article in an old copy of OMSA's The Medal Collector from 1973. Here are a couple of scans of the list of Gen. Mark Clark's medals and a scan of his ribbon rack from that article. Hope it's large enough for you to read and see.

 

Gary"

 

clark03xh6.jpg

 

clark04bw1.jpg

 

Gary: Thank you againg my COLORADO Friend! thumbsup.gif

 

Best regards,

 

Ricardo.

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Order of the Southern Cross.

 

Crittenberger, Willis

Fitch, Aubrey

Arnold, Henry

Geiger, Jacob

Hewitt, Kenneth

Ridgeway, Matthew

Zumwalt, Elmo

To name a few.

4starchris

 

Ohhh myyy Godddd!!! WOOOOOWWWWW!!! thumbsup.gif

 

w00t.gif

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  • 2 years later...

Forum members:

 

You are in the MEDALS & DECORATIONS "Reference Section". This area is where posts from the general Medals & Decorations "discussion section" (http://www.usmilitariaforum.com/forums/ind...?showforum=83) are moved for permanent retention and education about the history of the various U.S. medals and military decorations.

 

As time moves forward, some of these posts may have additional information added to them by the moderators of this section. We ask for your input as well, especially in the correction of any erroneous information that may have inadvertently be posted..

 

We encourage further comments about this post and its content. In order to do so, you will need to start a new post in the general Medals & Decorations "discussion section" (here: http://www.usmilitariaforum.com/forums/ind....?showforum=83). And, as needed, we will be pleased to move any new and / or valued information that is derived from your post (and subsequent comments) into this reference area as its own standing post.

 

Please be advised: posting and / or editing is restricted on this post to moderator's and forum staff.

 

Sincerely,

Chris / ADMIN

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