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Commodore Perry's Captain of Marines Opening of Japan,China


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This Chinese made silver Tankard was presented to James Hemphill Jones by John B. Goodridge in Canton China during Commodore Matthew C. Perry's opening of China and Japan in 1853.

James Hemphill Jones was born in Wilmington, Delaware on May 6, 1821. He was commissioned a Second Lieutenant in the United States Marine Corps on March 2nd, 1847. Second Lieutenant Jones served in Company B of the Marine Battalion under Captain John G. Reynolds during the Mexican War in 1847 and 1848. Lieutenant Jones was next assigned to the East India Squadron as commander of the Marines aboard the side-wheel, steam frigate USS Powhatan. The Powhatan arrived on station via Cape of Good Hope June 15, 1853. The Powhatan’s arrival in Chinese waters coincided with an important phase of Commodore Matthew C. Perry's negotiations for commercial relations with the Japanese and the opening of two Japanese ports. The Powhatan was Perry's flagship during his November visit to China. The USS Powhatan dispatched an officer of Marines with a complement of Marines with one of her boat howitzers to remain at Canton during her stay at Whamopa to protect American citizens. The officer was a guest at the home of American merchant John B. Goodridge. The Powhatan entered Edo (Tokyo) Bay February 14th 1854 with the rest of the East Indies Squadron. When Commodore Perry wished to make an impression upon the Japanese, he paraded the Powhatan’s Marines commanded by First Lieutenant James Hemphill Jones through the streets of Edo. The Convention of Kanagawa was signed on March 31, 1854. On March 19, 1855 Marines were landed in Canton to protect U.S. citizens from piracy. First Lieutenant James Hemphill Jones and 41 men from the USS Powhatan went ashore and remained there for two days. In July 1855, Chinese pirates in the Hong Kong area captured four British owned merchant ships. In response, on August 4th 1855, armed boats from the East India Squadron’s frigate USS Powhatan, the seamen and Marines commanded by First Lieutenant James Hemphill Jones, and the Royal Navy sloop-of-war HMS Rattler attacked the pirates at Ty-ho Bay. HMS Eaglet towed the boats into position which then proceeded to destroy twenty of thirty-six junks. Seven merchant ships were also rescued. An estimated 500 pirates were killed or wounded and over 1,000 taken prisoner the allied loss was nine killed and twelve wounded. The USS Powhatan then assisted an Anglo and French attack by bombarding the Chinese Taku Forts. Captain James H. Jones commanded Co. B of United States Marines at the July 21st 1861 Battle of Bull Run (First Battle of Manassas) where he was lightly wounded by a spent ball which had killed one of his lieutenants. Captain James H. Jones died, after a brief illness on April 17, 1880.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Good grief Dick, you just keep astounding me with all the items in your collection from such a broad swath of historical time periods which relate to US history.

 

Kudos again and thanks for sharing with the rest of us.

 

Kurt

My hobby is my job and my job is my hobby. High School and University History Instructor

 

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In a class by itself! Truly a remarkable piece. Leaves the world of collectibles and enters the world of fine antiques-art

Always looking for items associated with the China Marines! Visit chinamarine.org

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Thank you all for your comments. When I bought this piece I had no idea who Jones was or the time period of the tankard. I thought it was early to mid 20th century. I was amazed when I researched James Hemphill Jones. All of his papers are in the Delaware Historical Society including his extensive journal of his visit to China and Japan. I had the entire journal photocopied. It seems that Jones was a naturalist and a anthropologist so the entire journal was about the plants, animals and people he saw, nothing about the Perry expedition or his encounters with pirates.

John Burgess Goodridge was born 27 July, 1826 in Kalamazoo, Michigan. In 1845 he entered the office of his brother S.F. Goodridge in New York City. He remained there two years, and then went to Canton, China where he subsequently became a partner in the large American commercial house of Wetmore and Co. He came home early in 1856, and after his marriage to Ellen Burdick daughter to General Justus Burdick of Kalamazoo, Michigan, returned with his wife to China, and died in Macao 23 June, 1857. He had no children.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Wonderful early Chinese Marine Silver. Thank you for sharing.

Regards,

 

Terry

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Seeking Model 1895 and 1902 Named Officer coats as well as Spanish American War Tropical Uniforms.
Also pre WW2 marine uniforms. Always pre-1945 Colorado National Guard Items wanted! Also seeking Rhodesian

Uniforms and Gear used by Americans in the Rhodesian Security Forces during the Bush War (Africa).

 

Fortune cookie say: "An expert is someone that knows so much about so little."

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Great piece, Dick! Semper Fi!

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"I have only two men out of my company and 20 out of some other company. We need support, but it is almost suicide to try to get it here as we are swept by machine gun fire and constant barrage is on us. I have no one on my left and only a few on my right. I will hold." (Message sent by 1st Lt. Clifton B. Cates. USMC, 96th Co., Soissons, 19 July 1918 - later 19th Commandant of the Marine Corps 1948-1952)

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What an amazing find, the engraving is really beautiful, congrats!

Always looking for uniquely marked helmets, WWI and WWII American Field Service items, WWII and earlier USMC items and named or numbered medals and medal groups.


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