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12th Kentucky Infantry, Company G Civil War

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I have several Civil War veteran ancestors in my direct family lines.
Among them are my 3rd Gr. Grandfather, Sergeant James B. Rogers and his twin sons Pvt. George W. Rogers and Pvt. Francis M. Rogers shown below in 1862. They served together in Company G of the 12th Kentucky Infantry. Family stories handed down state that the twins were captured as were their Confederate Tennessee cousins, another set of family twins. All survived their captivity.


SERVICE.--Actions at Albany and Travisville, Ky., September 29, 1861 (Co. "A"). Operations in Wayne and Clinton Counties and at Mill Springs, Ky., November, 1861. At Camp Hoskins until December. Operations about Mill Springs December 1-13. Action with Zollicoffer December 2. Moved to Somerset and duty there until January, 1862.
Battle of Mill Springs January 19-20 under General George Thomas, Army of the Ohio
Regiment mustered in at Clio, Ky., January, 1862. (Note: Up to this time the 12th had not been mustered into the United States service. It was organized at the front in the very field of action, and the exigencies of the hour did not give opportunity for that formality. After the battle of Mill Spring it marched south of the Cumberland to the little village of Clio, where it went into camp. There it was regularly mustered into the service of the United States. In this service it remained until peace came in 1865) Moved to Louisville, Ky.; thence to Nashville, Tenn., February 11-March 2. March to Savannah, Tenn., March 20-April 8. (Buell's Army)
Advance on and Siege of Corinth, Miss., April 29-May 30. Pursuit to Booneville June 1-6. Buell's Campaign in North Alabama and Middle Tennessee June to August. March to Nashville, Tenn.; thence to Louisville, Ky., in pursuit of Bragg, August 20-September 25. Pursuit of Bragg into Kentucky October 1-15.
Battle of Perryville, Ky., October 8 (Reserve). March to Lebanon, Ky., and duty there until April, 1863. Operations against Morgan December 22, 1862, to January 2, 1863. Moved to Bowling Green, Ky., April 10. Duty there and at Russellville until August. Moved to Camp Nelson and Danville and Join Gen. Burnside. Burnside's march over Cumberland Mountains and Campaign in East Tennessee August 16-October 17. Occupation of Knoxville September 3. Watauga River, Blue Springs, October 10.
Knoxville Campaign November 4-December 23.
Siege of Knoxville November 17-December 5. Blain's Cross Roads December 15-16. At Strawberry Plains until January, 1864. Regiment veteranize and moved to Louisville, Ky. Veterans on furlough until April 1. At Burnside's Point until May.
Georgia Campaign - assigned to the 3d Brigade, 3d Division, 23d Army Corps. Gen. Schofield commanded the corps, Gen. Cox the division, and Gen. McLean the brigade.
March to Chattanooga, Tenn.; thence to Burnt Hickory, Ga., May 1-24. Burnt Hickory May 25. Battles about Dallas, New Hope Church and Allatoona Hills May 25-June 5. Raccoon Bottom June 2. Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain June 10-July 2. Burnt Hickory June 13. Lost Mountain June 15-17. Muddy Creek June 17. Noyes Creek June 19. Cheyney's Farm June 22. Near Marietta June 23. Olley's Farm June 26-27. Assault on Kenesaw June 27. Nickajack Creek July 2-5. Chattahoochie River July 6-17. Peach Tree Creek July 19-20.
Siege of Atlanta July 22-August 25. Utoy Creek August 5-7. Flank movement on Jonesboro August 25-30.
Battle of Jonesboro August 31-September 1. Lovejoy Station September 2-6. Operations against Hood in North Georgia and North Alabama September 29-November 3. Cedar Bluff, Ala., October 27. Moved to Nashville, thence to Pulaski.
Nashville Campaign November-December. 23rd Corps General Thomas and General Cox - Columbia, Duck River, November 24-27. Columbia Ford November 29.
Battle of Franklin November 30.
Battle of Nashville December 15-16. Pursuit of Hood to the Tennessee River December 17-28. At Clifton, Tenn., until January 16.
23rd Corps Transferred to the Eastern Theater to General Terry, Sent by rail and water to Fort Fisher, NC
Moved to Washington, D.C.; thence to Federal Point, N. C., January 16-February 9. Operations against Hoke February 12-14. Fort Anderson February 18-19. Town Creek February 19-20.
Capture of Wilmington, NC February 22.
Campaign of the Carolinas March 1-April 26.
Advance on Goldsboro March 6-21. Occupation of Goldsboro March 21. Advance on Raleigh April 10-13. Occupation of Raleigh April 14. Bennett's House April 26. Surrender of Johnston and his army. Duty at Greensboro, N. C., until July. Mustered out July 11, 1865.
Regiment lost during service 1 Officer and 40 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 5 Officers and 193 Enlisted men by disease. Total 239.


Sgt James B. Rogers w. twin sons George and Francis.jpg

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Some details.....


Been perusing the National Archives records and though they're incomplete it does note that Sgt. James Rogers, Pvt. George Rogers (and possibly his brother Francis) were captured by the CSA near Pelham, TN on August 8th, 1862 during Buell's campaign in middle Tennessee. If I do some more digging I'll probably find other G Company men who were captured that day.


They were paroled at Vicksburg On September 1st, 1862 and sent to Kentucky to sit out their paroles. Even though they show up on the muster records of the 4th parole company in the subsequent months, their outfit listed them as deserters on October 10th, 1862 and busted James to Private. On July 15th, 1863 they rejoined Company G and were belatedly acknowledged as being captured, duly paroled, and then reinstated into the regiment by the provost marshal. James Rogers did not get his stripes back and served out the war as a private alongside his sons. They were reenlisted as Veteran Volunteers at the end of their 3 years service and attained Veteran status on their records with the regiment.


During 1864 brother Francis spent six months detailed to the 24th KY Infantry on detached duty guarding prisoners and then rejoined the 12th KY as a Veteran for the Georgia, Nashville and North Carolina campaigns. There's some Irony here as they themselves were beneficiaries of the parole system and sat it out at home instead of a prison camp, and then Francis ends up as a prison guard when the parole exchanges were ended.


When his parole ended, brother George spent the last six months of 1863 detailed to the 3rd Battalion 23rd Corps Engineers and then also returned to the 12th Kentucky as a Veteran for the later campaigns. Perhaps this was also some sort of punishment or penance for being captured by the enemy in 1862.


Overall their service experience could have been much worse considering how many of their regimental comrades died of disease and injury during the hard campaigns of the 12th Kentucky and of course, the records do not reflect how many of them were captured in the later campaigns and did end up in prison camps.


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