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Pineapple Army 1908-1920 Hawaiian Department

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Have never seen the artillery pieces on post 63-64....I have seen toy models of them from the time period but never suspected they were modeled after real guns. Also one of your USAT pictures looks familiar....I think I have a copy of the same image or close to it....so I learned that picture was probably taken in Hawaii as the Transport moved west across the ocean

Always looking for items associated with the China Marines! Visit chinamarine.org



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Following the establishment of Fort Shafter, construction commenced on Schofield Barracks in late 1908. These lands had been obtained by the United States government when Hawaii was annexed as a territory, and in turn were transferred to the War Department for military use in 1899 through Executive Order Number G.O. 147. On December 4, 1908, Captain Joseph C. Castner, construction quartermaster, arrived on Oahu to begin building a temporary cantonment on the Waianae-Uka military reservation. Captain Castner, with the help of local laborers, constructed tents for the officers and men, followed by temporary wooden barracks. The cantonment was informally known as Castner Village among military personnel. People in Honolulu referred to it as the Leilehua Barracks after the Leilehua Plain on which it was located.


On January 13, 1909 the Fifth Cavalry Regiment, 473 men strong, occupied the new installation. At this time the post included 248 temporary buildings and a sewer and water system.


In 1910 the Fifth Cavalry was joined by the First Field Artillery Regiment, and the following year the Second Infantry Regiment was also assigned to Schofield Barracks.


In 1913 construction commenced on permanent buildings for the post, and the 25th Infantry Regiment augmented the troop level so that by 1914 6,000 men were stationed at Schofield Barracks, with the 1st Field Artillery, 1st Infantry Regiment, 25th Infantry Regiment, and 4th Cavalry all garrisoned there.


World War I saw the post's troop level reduced to nearly nothing, but in the years between 1920-1940 the post greatly expanded in size and population. By 1927, a cavalry post initially composed of tents had developed into a thriving military complex, and by the early 1930s, Schofield had become the United States Army's largest installation; in 1938 over 14,000 troops were stationed there (Addleman, 1939: 6 & 43-44; Infantry Journal, 1927: 447-455; and Honolulu Star Bulletin, February 1, 1933: p. 6 and June 27, 1933: sec. 3, p. 2).


Photos: Palm Circle Parade Ground, Fort Shafter 1908-1913

Fort Shafter Flagpole 1908.jpg

Fort Shafter Palm Circle USAMH34_l 1913.jpg

Fort Shafter Palm Circle USAMH34_l 1920.jpg

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Another seldom seen Regular Army unit during the Great War years


25th Infantry Regiment 'Buffalo Soldiers', posted to Oahu in 1914 after service in Cuba, the Philippines, Texas, and fighting forest fires during the Big Burn of 1910,

25th Infantry Regiment Schofield Barracks, T.H. 1914 002b.jpg

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Sergeant 5th US Cavalry, Troop K, Schofield Barracks, T.H. 1910 - Double disks, US & K 5th Cavalry and Sharpshooter Badge with expert requalification bar


In 1901, the Regiment, minus the 2nd Squadron, embarked for the distant Philippine Islands to help put down the bloody Philippine–American War being fought there. In 1902, the 2nd Squadron proceeded to the Philippines to join the rest of the Regiment. Dismounted, they battled in the jungles of the Pacific to help end the rebellion and defeat the army of Philippine revolutionary Emilio Aguinaldo.
After returning to the United States, in March 1903 the troopers of the 5th Cavalry were spread throughout Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico and Utah. Some of them fought Navajo Indians in small battles located in Arizona and Utah; a rarity in the twentieth century. The Regiment remained split up for five years until January 1909, when Headquarters along with 1st and 3rd Squadrons were reassigned to Pacific duty to strengthen the U.S. military presence in the new territory of Hawaii.
Although there was a small Army population on the island of Oahu, the deployment of cavalry troops mandated a permanent Army post. By December, Captain Joseph C. Castner had finished the plans for the development of today's Schofield Barracks. The 2nd squadron arrived in October 1910, to help in the completion of the construction. In 1913, threats to the United States-Mexico border brought the 5th Cavalry back to the deserts of the Southwest, where it was stationed at Fort Apache and Fort Huachuca, Arizona.

5th Cavalry Troop K Sergeant 1911 T.H. 001  wm.jpg


5th Cavalry Troop K Sergeant 1911 T.H. 002  wm.jpg

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4th US Cavalry Troop H, 1914 Schofield Barracks, T.H.


The trooper on the left is a Canadian from Nova Scotia serving in the pre-war US Cavalry in Hawaii. He left the islands as a Corporal in September 1915 to be discharged but he enlisted in the Regular Army at Camp McDowell as a 1st US Cavalry Sergeant. He was discharged in June 1918 to receive a direct commission as 1st LT with the 19th Field Artillery and served in France and Germany until July of 1919.


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Initially organized as the 3rd Battalion of Engineers, 25 March 1901, at Fort Totten, N.Y. The battalion was expanded August 1916 and reorganized as the 3rd Engineer Regiment with portions of it in the Philippines, Hawaii and Panama.


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