world war I nerd Posted June 1, 2014 Author Share #76 Posted June 1, 2014 First Draft Registration Brassard The Selective Service Act, enacted on May 18, 1917, effectively allowed the Federal Government to raise a National Army to fight in WW I. During WW I there were three draft registrations: June 5, 1917, this registered all native born, naturalized and alien males in the U.S. between the ages of 21 of 31. June 5, 1918, this registered all males in the U.S. who had turned 21 since June 5, 1917. September 12, 1918, the age limit for the third draft registration was both lowered and increased. It registered all males in the U.S. between the ages of 18 and 45. During the registration process each of the registrant’s circumstances was accessed, after which he was placed in one of five classification categories, which were: Class I, eligible for military service: consisted of unmarried registrants with no dependents, married registrants with an independent spouse and, or one or more children over the age of 16 with a sufficient family income should the registrant be drafted. Class II, temporarily deferred but available for military service: consisted of married registrants with a dependent spouse or children under the age of 16 with a sufficient family income should the registrant be drafted. Class III, exempted but available for military service: consisted of local officials, such as mailmen, policemen and firemen, as well as registrants who provided the sole family income to parents or siblings under the age of 16. Class II also included registrants employed in agricultural labor or industrial enterprises that were deemed essential to the war effort. Class IV, exempted due to extreme hardship: consisted of married registrants with a dependent spouse or dependent children who would be left with an insufficient family income should the registrant be drafted, registrants with a deceased spouse who provided the sole family income for children under the age of 16 and registrants with deceased parents who provided the sole family income for dependent siblings under the age of 16. Class V, ineligible for military service: consisted of state and federal officials, members of the clergy, registrants who were deemed either medically, morally or mentally disabled for military service and all enemy aliens of a belligerent country. Every registrant was considered to be Class I unless his local draft board granted him the right to be deferred to one of the other four classes. However, this did not mean that he would not be drafted. If all of the men registered in Class I were drafted, then the War Department would begin to draft the men in Class II, and then the men in Class III, and so on. Class V was the only class not subject to induction. Photo No. 123: Brassards and armbands such as the two shown were probably worn by the members who presided over the local draft board or possibly given out to registrants as proof that they had completed the draft registration. Beside the brassards, three registrants proudly display their recently acquired draft registration cards. Link to comment Share on other sites More sharing options...
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