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US M-1 vs. Euro Clone Helmet Components Guide!


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I was prompted to compile this quick at-a-glance guide because of some discussions / questions in some recent threads. It’s by no means definitive, but is just an overview of some of the most commonly encountered components which are frequently mis-identified and even mis-represented as being “original US...” on eBay and in various seller’s lists. Hopefully, it will help prevent less experienced collectors from making bad purchases! I’ll use the generic term “Euro” for the non-US parts unless the country of origin is actually known.

 

Firstly, perhaps the most commonly encountered Euro component is the Belgian liner chinstrap. This is very similar to the original US design but there are several significant differences. These will be quite obvious in the comparison pics but, by rule of thumb, they will be of a thicker/coarser grade of leather in a light tan shade and the hardware will be of unmarked brass. These are commonly used as substitutes for missing US chinstraps and, at a glance, look ok. US chinstraps are of a finer grade of dark russet leather with impressed “tramlines”, blackened hardware and maker marks are usually stamped on the buckles and /or rivets. (the US chinstrap is at the top)

 

 

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"We shall defend our island, whatever the cost may be. We shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills; we shall never surrender!"

 

Winston Churchill

" Life is what happens to you when you're busy making other plans."

John Winston Lennon

 

 

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Cont'd....

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"We shall defend our island, whatever the cost may be. We shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills; we shall never surrender!"

 

Winston Churchill

" Life is what happens to you when you're busy making other plans."

John Winston Lennon

 

 

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( Out of interest, I’ve added some pics of cotton webbing Euro liner chinstraps...a very practical alternative to leather)

 

 

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"We shall defend our island, whatever the cost may be. We shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills; we shall never surrender!"

 

Winston Churchill

" Life is what happens to you when you're busy making other plans."

John Winston Lennon

 

 

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Euro vs US sweatbands: The Euro sweatband is very similar to the original US design. Unlike US sweatbands, they are rarely maker marked. Also, they tend to be made with a brown-ish OD HBT tape backing with an unfinished end. US sweatbands have an OG cotton webbing backing. Finally, the Euro spring clips have a flat profile whereas US-made clips have a raised rib.

 

I’ve also included an earlier Euro sweatband which has a khaki HBT tape backing. This can be easily mistaken for a WW2 US sweatband ( NB. the green US WW2 clips were added by me. Ordinarily, it would have black clips)

 

 

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"We shall defend our island, whatever the cost may be. We shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills; we shall never surrender!"

 

Winston Churchill

" Life is what happens to you when you're busy making other plans."

John Winston Lennon

 

 

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The Euro clips (top) are flat.

post-8022-0-04956400-1380108177.jpg

"We shall defend our island, whatever the cost may be. We shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills; we shall never surrender!"

 

Winston Churchill

" Life is what happens to you when you're busy making other plans."

John Winston Lennon

 

 

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Euro HBT tape vs US cotton webbing.

post-8022-0-45362800-1380108258.jpg

post-8022-0-90159100-1380108259.jpg

"We shall defend our island, whatever the cost may be. We shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills; we shall never surrender!"

 

Winston Churchill

" Life is what happens to you when you're busy making other plans."

John Winston Lennon

 

 

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Sweatband buckle details.

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"We shall defend our island, whatever the cost may be. We shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills; we shall never surrender!"

 

Winston Churchill

" Life is what happens to you when you're busy making other plans."

John Winston Lennon

 

 

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Khaki HBT tape.

post-8022-0-16793000-1380108363.jpg

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"We shall defend our island, whatever the cost may be. We shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills; we shall never surrender!"

 

Winston Churchill

" Life is what happens to you when you're busy making other plans."

John Winston Lennon

 

 

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Buckle details...

post-8022-0-04483100-1380108410.jpg

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"We shall defend our island, whatever the cost may be. We shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills; we shall never surrender!"

 

Winston Churchill

" Life is what happens to you when you're busy making other plans."

John Winston Lennon

 

 

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Euro vs US nape straps: Top to bottom...US- made WW2, Belgian-made, US-made adjustable nape. Apart from printed makers’ marks, the Euro nape can be identified by virtue of its Belgian maker's mark on the snaps. The US snaps are often marked RAU of Prov. R.I.

 

 

 

 

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"We shall defend our island, whatever the cost may be. We shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills; we shall never surrender!"

 

Winston Churchill

" Life is what happens to you when you're busy making other plans."

John Winston Lennon

 

 

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Cont'd...

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"We shall defend our island, whatever the cost may be. We shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills; we shall never surrender!"

 

Winston Churchill

" Life is what happens to you when you're busy making other plans."

John Winston Lennon

 

 

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Chinstrap webbing: US-made chinstrap webbing is OG with a white cotton core. It has a different weave from Euro webbing, which does not have a white cotton core and is a different shade of green

 

 

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"We shall defend our island, whatever the cost may be. We shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills; we shall never surrender!"

 

Winston Churchill

" Life is what happens to you when you're busy making other plans."

John Winston Lennon

 

 

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Hardware: Whereas US hardware tends to be of chemically-blackened brass or steel, Euro hardware is frequently painted gloss black. When this wears off it usually reveals a copper-coloured metal beneath. Also, Euro hardware is unmarked whereas US hardware frequeently features the distinctive anchor or “P” logos.

 

Firstly, the T1 ball catch. Note the US-made one has an impressed “P” and is a slightly different shape to the Euro type. Also, the US-made one is a much more rigid metal.

 

 

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"We shall defend our island, whatever the cost may be. We shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills; we shall never surrender!"

 

Winston Churchill

" Life is what happens to you when you're busy making other plans."

John Winston Lennon

 

 

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Chinstrap keeper: The Euro keeper is gloss painted copper (?) The US keeper (left) is typically blackened metal and of a slightly different shape.

post-8022-0-16814500-1380108803.jpg

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"We shall defend our island, whatever the cost may be. We shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills; we shall never surrender!"

 

Winston Churchill

" Life is what happens to you when you're busy making other plans."

John Winston Lennon

 

 

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T1 “J” hook. Similar, but again the Euro hook is gloss painted and much more flimsy than the US hook (right). They also differ slightly in terms of their shape.

post-8022-0-87000800-1380108857.jpg

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"We shall defend our island, whatever the cost may be. We shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills; we shall never surrender!"

 

Winston Churchill

" Life is what happens to you when you're busy making other plans."

John Winston Lennon

 

 

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Next, chinstrap clips. The Euro clips are painted gloss black, whereas the US clips are chemically blackened. Also, the Euro clips are very flimsy and can be easily bent with the fingers...the US ones cannot! Also, the Euro clips have a flat profile whereas the US clips have a distinctive curve which is designed to fit around the bail. Firstly, the Euro clips.

 

 

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"We shall defend our island, whatever the cost may be. We shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills; we shall never surrender!"

 

Winston Churchill

" Life is what happens to you when you're busy making other plans."

John Winston Lennon

 

 

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Euro-clip compared with US (right) Note the curve in the US clip. (in bottom pic, US strap with anchor-marked clip is on the left)

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"We shall defend our island, whatever the cost may be. We shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills; we shall never surrender!"

 

Winston Churchill

" Life is what happens to you when you're busy making other plans."

John Winston Lennon

 

 

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T1 fastener: As you can see, the US fastener assembly (top) is of chemically blackened metal, often maker marked, whereas the Euro fastener’s components are gloss-painted and unmarked. Where this wears away, the copper-coloured base metal can clearly be seen. Note also the differences in colour and weave of the webbing.

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"We shall defend our island, whatever the cost may be. We shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills; we shall never surrender!"

 

Winston Churchill

" Life is what happens to you when you're busy making other plans."

John Winston Lennon

 

 

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Different stitching...US on left.

post-8022-0-47892400-1380109497.jpg

"We shall defend our island, whatever the cost may be. We shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills; we shall never surrender!"

 

Winston Churchill

" Life is what happens to you when you're busy making other plans."

John Winston Lennon

 

 

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If anyone else out there has some examples of US vs Euro helmet parts, please feel free to add them here. Thanks.

"We shall defend our island, whatever the cost may be. We shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills; we shall never surrender!"

 

Winston Churchill

" Life is what happens to you when you're busy making other plans."

John Winston Lennon

 

 

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Interior of Belgian M1 liner. Note the leather chinstrap.

post-8022-0-24508900-1380112383.jpg

"We shall defend our island, whatever the cost may be. We shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills; we shall never surrender!"

 

Winston Churchill

" Life is what happens to you when you're busy making other plans."

John Winston Lennon

 

 

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Typically displaying the Belgian national flag on each side. This is also often to be found on Belgian shells too.

post-8022-0-35890400-1380112612.jpg

"We shall defend our island, whatever the cost may be. We shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills; we shall never surrender!"

 

Winston Churchill

" Life is what happens to you when you're busy making other plans."

John Winston Lennon

 

 

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tHA

 

Ian,

Thank you, this is a very handy reference.

Probably should be pinned

 

CB

 

Thanks CB! ;)

"We shall defend our island, whatever the cost may be. We shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills; we shall never surrender!"

 

Winston Churchill

" Life is what happens to you when you're busy making other plans."

John Winston Lennon

 

 

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As sold in Wales....seller's blurb. (£39.95 = $64 )

 

"These are post-war M1 helmets of European manufactuer and in great condition, inside and out. They come complete with an almost new liner and fittings, including the popper studs for attaching a leather chinstrap, these are all but identical to their WW2 US counterparts and unlike repros you know you are getting a fully fledged, full weight, army helmet.

The chin straps are the early post war type (almost the same as wartime chinstraps), you just have to stitch the chinstrap directly to the chinstrap bails."

 

post-8022-0-88861300-1380115531.jpg

"We shall defend our island, whatever the cost may be. We shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills; we shall never surrender!"

 

Winston Churchill

" Life is what happens to you when you're busy making other plans."

John Winston Lennon

 

 

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