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41st Infantry Division


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NAME:

Forty-First Infantry Division / 41st Division

 

NICKNAME:

"Sunset Division" and "Jungleers"

 

BATTLE HONORS:

 

World War II

New Guinea

Southern Philippines

Papuan

 

ACTIVATED:

July 1917

Sept 16, 1940

 

DEACTIVATED:

June 1919

Dec 31, 1945

 

 

HISTORY:

 

The 41st Infantry Division was a unit of the United States Army in World War I and World War II. A National Guard unit, it was reorgnized in 1965 as a separate infantry brigade; the 41st Brigade Combat Team is headquartered in Tigard, Oregon and is currently assigned to the 7th Infantry Division at Fort Carson, Colorado.

 

World War I

 

The history of the 41st Infantry Brigade can be traced back to 1887 when the Summers Law established the Oregon National Guard. In 1917, the 41st Infantry Division was formed (Named the Sunset Division). Oregon National Guard infantry, field artillery and cavalry units were sent to Camp Green, North Carolina, where, together with other National Guard units from the northwestern states, they were formed into the 41st Division. Some units changes were made as they processed into the 41st Division. The Third Oregon Infantry became the 162nd Infantry Regiment. The Oregon Field Artillery helped form the 147th Field Artillery Regiment which later was armed with the lethalFrench 75" cannon. Since no real role existed for cavalry units in World War I, Oregon's cavalry troops were disbanded. Many of the men and officers went to the 148th Field Artillery Regiment which did have horse-drawn 155mm GPF cannons. The two artillery regiments, along with the 146th Field Artillery, made up the 66th Field Artillery Brigade -- the organic artillery of the 41st Division.

 

After months of hard work, training, reorganizing and re-equipping for war, the Division moved to Camp Mills, New Jersey, for shipment overseas. The first divisional units departed the United States on November 26, 1917. Within sight of the French coast, tragedy struck. Two torpedoes from a German U-boat ripped in the "TUSCANIA" which was carrying, among the others, men of the 66th Field Artillery Brigade. Fortunately, French fishing boats were in the area and pulled survivors from the freezing waters thus avoiding a great loss of life.

 

In France, the 41st Division received a major disappointment. It was designated a replacement division and did not go to combat as a unit. The majority of its infantry personnel went to the 1st, 2nd, 32nd and 42nd Divisions where they served throughout the war. The 147th Field Artillery was attached to the 32nd Division and saw action at Aisne-Marne, Meuse-Argonne and other areas. The 146th and 148th of the 66th Field Artillery Brigade were attached as corps artillery units and participated in the battles of Chateau Thierry, Aisne-Marne, St Mihiel and Meuse-Argonne.

 

Activated: July 1917 (National Guard Division from Washington, Oregon, Idaho, and Montana).

 

Overseas: February 1918.

 

Major operations: The Division did not see action as a unit.

 

Commanders: Maj. Gen. Hunter Liggett (18 September 1917), Brig. Gen. Henry Jervey (20 September 1917), Brig. Gen. G. LeR. Irwin (12 December 1917), Maj. Gen. Hunter Liggett (20 December 1917), Brig. Gen. LeR. Irwin (18 January 1918), Brig. Gen. Richard Coulter, Jr. (23 January 1918), Brig. Gen. Robert Alexander (14 February 1918), Brig. Gen. Edward Vollrath (3 August 1918), Brig. Gen. W. S. Scott (19 August 1918), Maj. Gen. J. E. McMahon (21 October 1918), Brig. Gen. Edward Vollrath (24 October 1918), Brig. Gen. Eli g. Cole, USMC (29 October 1918), Brig. Gen. Edward Vollrath (27 December 1918), Maj. Gen. Peter E. Traub (29 December 1918).

 

Inactivated: June 1919.

 

 

World War II

 

After World War I, as after the Spanish-American War, further changes came to the Oregon National Guard. In 1921, the designation of the 41st Division was allocated to Pacific Northwest states, and each state was instructed to form certain divisional units. Oregon received the 162nd and the 186th Infantry Regiments, comprising the 82nd Brigade of the Division, as well as the 218th Field Artillery Regiment. Other divisional units were to be furnished by Washington, Idaho, and Montana.

 

As the international situation worsened in the 1930's, the intensity and urgency of training in the 41st Division increased. In 1937, the Division paired with the US 3rd Division for Corps Maneuvers at Fort Lewis. The 1940 summer camp at Fort Lewis witnessed the Division training with maneuvers at regimental level. One month after annual training in 1940, the 41st Division, along with the 249th Coast Artillery and State Headquarters, was called to active service.

 

Activated: 16 September 1940 (National Guard Division from Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, and Wyoming).

 

Overseas: 4 March 1942.

 

Campaigns: New Guinea, Southern Philippines, Papuan.

 

Distinguished Unit Citations: 3.

 

Awards: DSC-2 ; DSM-3 ; SS-540; LM-14; SM60 ; BSM-1,572 ; AM-73.

 

Commanders: Maj. Gen. George A. White (September 1940-November 1941), Brig. Gen. Carlos A. Rennington (November-December 1941), Maj. Gen. Horace H. Fuller (December 1941-June 1944), Maj. Gen. Jens A. Doe (June 1944 to inactivation).

 

Inactivated: 31 December 1945 in Japan.

 

Combat Chronicle

 

The 41st Infantry Division arrived in Australia, 7 April 1942, and underwent intensive training. The 163rd Regiment entered the Battle of Buna-Gona, at Dobadura on 2 January 1943, and fought continuously in the Sanananda area until it fell the 22nd. A period of patrolling and training followed while elements of the Regiment advanced against stiff resistance to the Kumisi River in February.

 

The 163rd left for Australia, 15 July 1943. The 162nd Regiment relieved the 163rd in the Sanananda-Killerton-Gona area and the outpost area at the mouth of the Kumisi River, February 1943, leapfrogged along the coast in the Morobe area, and fought the long Salamaua campaign, 29 June 1943 to 12 September 1943. On 22 April 1944, the 163rd Regiment landed at Aitape while the remainder of the Division came ashore at Humboldt Bay near Hollandia. Hollandia and the Cyclops and Sentani Airdromes fell after ineffectual resistance, and the Division patrolled and mopped-up until relieved on 4 May. The 163rd landed against slight opposition at Arara, 17 May, and consolidated the Arara and Toem area. Wakde Island was taken, 1820 May. Biak Island was invaded, 27 May, and a period of harsh jungle fighting followed. Elements landed at Korim Bay and Wardo, 17 August, to prevent an enemy escape, and the Division was occupied with patrols and training until 8 February 1945.

 

On that date, it arrived at Mindoro, Philippine Islands. On 28 February, the 186th landed on Palawan Island, completing the occupation by 8 March. The rest of the 41st landed at Zamboanga, Mindanao, 10 March, against light initial resistance. The enemy fought fiercely until opposition was dissipated early in April. Elements took Basilan Island unopposed, 16 to 30 March, Sanga-Sanga, 2 April, and Jolo, 9 April. While elements fought northwest of Davao, the rest of the Division continued patrolling and mopping up activities in the Southern Philippines until VJ Day. Occupational duty followed in Japan until inactivation.

 

 

1887 - Summers Law established Oregon National Guard

 

1917 - 41 Infantry Division formed (Named the Sunset Division)

 

1940 - 41 Infantry Division inducted into Federal service WW II

 

1945 - 41 Infantry Division deactivated in Kure, Japan

 

 

Post World War II

 

1946 - 41 Infantry Division reformed in Oregon

 

1965 - 41 Infantry Division reorganized as the 41st Infantry Brigade

 

1968 - Redesignated the 41 Separate Infantry Brigade

 

1975 - 41 Separate Infantry Brigade became "Roundout" to the 7th Infantry Division

 

1994: - 41 Separate Infantry Brigade designated as "Enhanced"

 

1998 - Selected as one of the eSB’s to form the Integrated Division

 

 

Divisional history from:

http://www.41stdivision.com/division/

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/US_41st_Infantry_Division

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About how old would you say that top one is? 1930? Earlier? Later? I've seen something similar for sale at an antique shop for around $5.00

 

-Chuck

WANTED!

WWI Aero Squadron items such as insignia, uniforms & my favorite- PHOTOS! Will purchase or work out a possible trade

HIGHLY SOUGHT- Anything related to the AEF Photo Sections or 85th,258th & 278th Aero Squadrons.

To be alone, to have your life in your own hands, to use your own skill, single-handed, against the enemy. It was like the lists of the Middle Ages, the only sphere in modern warfare where a man saw his adversary and faced him in mortal combat, the only sphere where there was still chivalry and honour. If you won, it was your own bravery and skill; if you lost, it was because you had met a better man
-Cecil Lewis


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Here is a sampling of the 41st patches in the collection...not all of them.

Note the beaded patch(bottom left corner of riker case)...it is the second beaded patch I have had and came in a group of patches from a 146th Artilleryman who voluntedered for the Air Corp and became a B-17 Pilot. Him and his crew died in a crash before going overseas.

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Curator/Owner Ghost Squadron Military Museum,

Curator, South Alberta Light Horse Regimental Museum

Collector of;
U.S. Infantry, uniforms, and equipment, 1860 to 1950, Primarily the 41st and 88th Infantry Divisions of WW1 and WW2, United States Army Air Force, Anything B-17 Flying Fortress related, National Guard of Pennsylvania, Royal Canadian Air Force, 4th Canadian Armored division. Springfield Armory firearms, U.S. military firearms in general.



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Actually the 41st was used as training cadre. Assigned to various locations where they trained incoming AEF Comnat divisions in the use of French and English weapons and trench tactics.

 

My father taught the use of the French grenades, French light machine gun, & bayonet tactics in the trenches. His unit was made up of the Montana National guard and his own 3rd D.C. Infantry which also saw service on the Mexican Border the year prior to US entry in the European War. He was wounded while providing escort to some former Montana miners from his unit who were assigned to eliminate a rock outcrop thru some trenches that was a favorite of German snipers. He was careless and carried an eleven inch scar across his lower abdomen as a souvenir till his death in 1982 @ age 84. His photos in France clearly show his 41st patch.

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  • 5 months later...

Actually the 41st was used as training cadre. Assigned to various locations where they trained incoming AEF Comnat divisions in the use of French and English weapons and trench tactics.

 

My father taught the use of the French grenades, French light machine gun, & bayonet tactics in the trenches. His unit was made up of the Montana National guard and his own 3rd D.C. Infantry which also saw service on the Mexican Border the year prior to US entry in the European War. He was wounded while providing escort to some former Montana miners from his unit who were assigned to eliminate a rock outcrop thru some trenches that was a favorite of German snipers. He was careless and carried an eleven inch scar across his lower abdomen as a souvenir till his death in 1982 @ age 84. His photos in France clearly show his 41st patch.

Thanks for sharing that 17Kilo, hey not many members can claim a Father that was in the Great War.

 

Can you post his photos? you would post them in the Photographs Forum though, as this Forum is for posting various variations of shoulder patches alone by themselves front, and if need be the rears for visual referrence.

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