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37th Infantry Division


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NAME:

Thirty-Seventh Infantry Division / 37th Division

 

NICKNAME:

"Buckeye"

 

BATTLE HONORS:

 

World War I

Meuse-Argonne

Ypres-Lys

 

World War II

Northern Solomons

Luzon

 

ACTIVATED:

Aug 1917

Oct 15, 1940

 

DEACTIVATED:

1919

Dec 18, 1945

 

 

HISTORY:

 

World War I

 

Activated: August 1917 (National Guard Division from Ohio)

 

Overseas: June 1918

 

Major operations: Meuse-Argonne, Ypres-Lys

 

Casualties: Total - 5,387 (KIA-794; WIA-4,593)

 

Commanders: Brig. Gen. William R. Smith (26 August 1917), Maj. Gen. C. G. Trent (3 September 1917), Brig. Gen. William R. Smith (18 September 1917), Maj. Gen. C. G. Trent (5 December 1917), Brig. Gen. Joseph A. Gaston (25 April 1918), Maj. Gen. C. S. Farnsworth (8 May 1918), Brig Gen. William M. Fassett (5 December 1918), Maj. Gen. C. S. Farnsworth (10 Dec. 1918)

 

 

World War II

 

Activated: 15 October 1940 (National Guard Division from Ohio)

 

Overseas: 26 May 1942

 

Campaigns: Northern Solomons, Luzon

 

Distinguished Unit Citations: 9

 

Awards: MH-7 ; DSC-116 ; DSM-4 ; SS-1,008 ; LM-71; SM-101 ; BSM-6,807 ; AM-84

 

Commanders: Maj. Gen. Robert S. Beightler commanded the Division during its entire period of Federal service in World War II.

 

Returned to U.S.: November 1945

 

Inactivated: 18 December 1945 (See National Guard)

 

Combat Chronicle

 

The 37th Infantry Division arrived in the Fiji Islands in June 1942 to fortify the islands against possible invasion. The division continued its training on the islands. With the end of ground fighting on Guadalcanal, the division moved to that island in April 1943, continued training, and staged for the Munda campaign. Two battalions joined the Marines on New Georgia, 5 July 1943, while the remainder of the division landed, 22 July, and assisted the 43d Infantry Division in taking Munda airfield in heavy fighting. After mopping up on New Georgia, the division returned to Guadalcanal, 9 September 1943, for rest and rehabilitation.

 

The division's next assignment was Bougainville. Relieving Marine units, 8-19 November 1943, the 37th took over the perimeter defense of the area, constructed roads and bridges and engaged in extensive patrol activity. In March 1944, two Japanese divisions made eight major attacks, but division lines held. In April patrols cleared the Laruma Valley area of major enemy units. The division remained on Bougainville and trained for the Luzon campaign. Landing with the Sixth Army on the beaches of Lingayen Gulf, 9 January 1945, the 37th raced inland against slight resistance to Clark Field and Fort Stotsenburg where fierce resistance delayed capture of those objectives until 31 January. The division continued to drive to Manila against small delaying forces, and entered the city's outskirts, 4 February. Upon crossing the Pasig River, it ran into bitter Japanese opposition, and it took heavy street fighting to clear the city by 3 March 1945.

 

After garrison duty in Manila, 5-26 March, the division shifted to the hills of Northwest Luzon, where heavy fighting culminated in the capture of Baguio, 26 April. Rest and rehabilitation during May were followed by action in June in the Cagayan Valley against deteriorating Japanese resistance. With the end of hostilities, 15 August, the division was concerned with the collection and processing of prisoners of war, leaving November 1945 for the States and demobilization.

 

Divisional history from:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/US_37th_Infantry_Division

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Here is a member of the 148th Infantry Regiment of the 37th Infantry Division taken in 1941 when he was stationed at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. The "Buckeye" patch and the DI of the 148th are clearly seen.

 

 

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Here's one that's a bit different.

post-729-1224990062.jpg

Looking for for 37th Division

VietNam and earlier Special Forces &

USS Hemminger DE 746 items

"Political correctness is a doctrine, fostered by a delusional, illogical minority, and rapidly promoted by mainstream media, which holds forth the proposition that it is entirely possible to pick up a turd by the clean end."

See my FB sales page: https://www.facebook.com/groups/1928884587130681/pending/

 

 

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Here's a few more. These are the 3 newest worn by the 37th Infantry Combat Brigade. These three came straight from Iraq where they are currently deployed.

post-729-1225066615.jpg

Looking for for 37th Division

VietNam and earlier Special Forces &

USS Hemminger DE 746 items

"Political correctness is a doctrine, fostered by a delusional, illogical minority, and rapidly promoted by mainstream media, which holds forth the proposition that it is entirely possible to pick up a turd by the clean end."

See my FB sales page: https://www.facebook.com/groups/1928884587130681/pending/

 

 

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Some more from my collection. These two came from a Captain in the 147th Infantry. They appear to be made at the same time in the same style. Interesting that the one appears to be SUBDUED?

post-729-1225066807.jpg

Looking for for 37th Division

VietNam and earlier Special Forces &

USS Hemminger DE 746 items

"Political correctness is a doctrine, fostered by a delusional, illogical minority, and rapidly promoted by mainstream media, which holds forth the proposition that it is entirely possible to pick up a turd by the clean end."

See my FB sales page: https://www.facebook.com/groups/1928884587130681/pending/

 

 

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Still more.

post-729-1225066907.jpg

Looking for for 37th Division

VietNam and earlier Special Forces &

USS Hemminger DE 746 items

"Political correctness is a doctrine, fostered by a delusional, illogical minority, and rapidly promoted by mainstream media, which holds forth the proposition that it is entirely possible to pick up a turd by the clean end."

See my FB sales page: https://www.facebook.com/groups/1928884587130681/pending/

 

 

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This has been called the Easter Egg

post-729-1225067056.jpg

Looking for for 37th Division

VietNam and earlier Special Forces &

USS Hemminger DE 746 items

"Political correctness is a doctrine, fostered by a delusional, illogical minority, and rapidly promoted by mainstream media, which holds forth the proposition that it is entirely possible to pick up a turd by the clean end."

See my FB sales page: https://www.facebook.com/groups/1928884587130681/pending/

 

 

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Back of above.

post-729-1225067118.jpg

Looking for for 37th Division

VietNam and earlier Special Forces &

USS Hemminger DE 746 items

"Political correctness is a doctrine, fostered by a delusional, illogical minority, and rapidly promoted by mainstream media, which holds forth the proposition that it is entirely possible to pick up a turd by the clean end."

See my FB sales page: https://www.facebook.com/groups/1928884587130681/pending/

 

 

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Worn by Major General Gilson D Light, 37th Division 1938.

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Looking for for 37th Division

VietNam and earlier Special Forces &

USS Hemminger DE 746 items

"Political correctness is a doctrine, fostered by a delusional, illogical minority, and rapidly promoted by mainstream media, which holds forth the proposition that it is entirely possible to pick up a turd by the clean end."

See my FB sales page: https://www.facebook.com/groups/1928884587130681/pending/

 

 

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Another of General GD Lights. This one is very unusual.

post-729-1225067263.jpg

Looking for for 37th Division

VietNam and earlier Special Forces &

USS Hemminger DE 746 items

"Political correctness is a doctrine, fostered by a delusional, illogical minority, and rapidly promoted by mainstream media, which holds forth the proposition that it is entirely possible to pick up a turd by the clean end."

See my FB sales page: https://www.facebook.com/groups/1928884587130681/pending/

 

 

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1st Army, 5th Corps, 37th Division.

post-729-1225067422.jpg

Looking for for 37th Division

VietNam and earlier Special Forces &

USS Hemminger DE 746 items

"Political correctness is a doctrine, fostered by a delusional, illogical minority, and rapidly promoted by mainstream media, which holds forth the proposition that it is entirely possible to pick up a turd by the clean end."

See my FB sales page: https://www.facebook.com/groups/1928884587130681/pending/

 

 

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Liberty Loan

post-729-1225067468.jpg

Looking for for 37th Division

VietNam and earlier Special Forces &

USS Hemminger DE 746 items

"Political correctness is a doctrine, fostered by a delusional, illogical minority, and rapidly promoted by mainstream media, which holds forth the proposition that it is entirely possible to pick up a turd by the clean end."

See my FB sales page: https://www.facebook.com/groups/1928884587130681/pending/

 

 

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Liberty Loan variation. Some call this an Aero Squadron patch, but according to a salesmans sample catalog this IS 37th Division

post-729-1225067573.jpg

Looking for for 37th Division

VietNam and earlier Special Forces &

USS Hemminger DE 746 items

"Political correctness is a doctrine, fostered by a delusional, illogical minority, and rapidly promoted by mainstream media, which holds forth the proposition that it is entirely possible to pick up a turd by the clean end."

See my FB sales page: https://www.facebook.com/groups/1928884587130681/pending/

 

 

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Fairly common 37th Division patch. I've heard this one called an Overcoat patch. Probably due to its size.

post-729-1225067664.jpg

Looking for for 37th Division

VietNam and earlier Special Forces &

USS Hemminger DE 746 items

"Political correctness is a doctrine, fostered by a delusional, illogical minority, and rapidly promoted by mainstream media, which holds forth the proposition that it is entirely possible to pick up a turd by the clean end."

See my FB sales page: https://www.facebook.com/groups/1928884587130681/pending/

 

 

donation2007.gifdonation2008.gifdonation2009.gif

donation2010.gifdonation2011.gifdonation2012.gifdonation2013.gif

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This one is red wool on white leather. On a tunic from a chaplain with the 147th Infantry.

post-729-1225067697.jpg

Looking for for 37th Division

VietNam and earlier Special Forces &

USS Hemminger DE 746 items

"Political correctness is a doctrine, fostered by a delusional, illogical minority, and rapidly promoted by mainstream media, which holds forth the proposition that it is entirely possible to pick up a turd by the clean end."

See my FB sales page: https://www.facebook.com/groups/1928884587130681/pending/

 

 

donation2007.gifdonation2008.gifdonation2009.gif

donation2010.gifdonation2011.gifdonation2012.gifdonation2013.gif

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