From a shed clean-out in Lyme, CT. Removed from garbage bags destined for the landfill. The clothing was not saved because they were wet........ FRUSTRATING!!!
WW2 is not my field, but due to the rare nature of this man/award...............I had to get it!!
William S. Knudsen
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
William Knudsen Born March 25, 1879 Copenhagen, Denmark Died April 27, 1948 (aged 69) Detroit, Michigan, United States Allegiance United States Service/branch United States Army Years of service 1942–1945 Rank Lieutenant General Commands held Director of War Production Air Technical Service Command Battles/wars World War II Awards Army Distinguished Service Medal(2), American Campaign Medal World War Two Victory Medal William Signius Knudsen (March 25, 1879 – April 27, 1948) was a leading automotive industry executive and an American general during World War II. His experience and success as a key senior manager in the operations sides of Ford Motor Company and later General Motors led the Franklin Roosevelt Administration to directly commissionhim as a lieutenant general in the United States Army to help lead the United States' war materiel production efforts for World War II.
4Honors and awards4.1Military awards
5Dates of Rank
BackgroundKnudsen was born in Copenhagen, Denmark. His name was originally Signius Wilhelm Poul Knudsen. He immigrated to the United States arriving in New York in February 1900. CareerKnudsen was working for the John R. Keim Company of Buffalo, New York, a bicycle and auto parts maker, when the Ford Motor Company bought it in 1911 for its steel-stamping experience and tooling. Knudsen worked for Ford from 1911 to 1921, a decade that saw the formative development of the modern assembly line and true mass production. Working first for the Ford Motor Company and later for General Motors from 1921, Knudsen became an expert on mass production and a skilled manager. Knudsen was president of the Chevrolet Division of General Motors from 1924 to 1937, and was president of General Motors from 1937 to 1940.
In 1940, President Roosevelt, at the recommendation of Bernard Baruch, asked Knudsen to come to Washington to help with war production. Knudsen was appointed as Chairman of the Office of Production Management and member of the National Defense Advisory Commission, for which he received a salary of $1 per year.
In January 1942, Knudsen received a commission as a lieutenant general in the U.S. Army, the only civilian ever to join the Army at such a high initial rank, and appointed as Director of Production, Office of the Under Secretary of War. In this capacity, he worked as a consultant and a troubleshooter for the War Department.
In both of these positions, Knudsen used his extensive experience in manufacturing and industry respect to facilitate the largest production job in history. In response to the demand for war materiel, production of machine tools tripled. Total aircraft produced for the US military in 1939 was less than 3,000 planes. By the end of the war, America produced over 300,000 planes, of which the Boeing B-29 Superfortress benefitted greatly from Knudsen's direction. Production of both cargo and Navy ships also increased astronomically. Knudsen's influence not only smoothed government procurement procedures, but also led companies that had never produced military hardware to enter the market. America outproduced its enemies. As Knudsen said, "We won because we smothered the enemy in an avalanche of production, the like of which he had never seen, nor dreamed possible."
He was appointed Director of the Air Technical Service Command when it was founded in July 1944 at Patterson Field, Ohio. He served in the Army until his resignation on June 1, 1945. Personal lifeKnudsen was featured on the cover of Time magazine's October 7, 1940 issue. He was a member of Epiphany Lutheran Church (LCMS) in Detroit, and contributed greatly to LCMS projects around the Detroit area, including buildings for Epiphany Lutheran Church, Outer Drive Faith Lutheran Church, and the Evangelical Lutheran Institute for the Deaf. Knudsen's son Semon "Bunkie" Knudsen was also a prominent automobile industry executive. Honors and awardsKnudsen was awarded the Vermilye Medal by the Franklin Institute in 1941.
He was also appointed a Knight of the Order of the Dannebrog by the nation of Denmark in 1930 and was promoted Grand Cross of the Order of the Dannebrog in 1946.
Knudsen was inducted into the Automotive Hall of Fame in 1968.
His daughter started a scholarship in the name of her parents.
Knudsen Elementary School in Waterford, Michigan is named for him. Military awardsKnudsen was awarded the Distinguished Service Medal in 1944 and again in 1945 for his service in the Army during World War II. He also received the American Campaign Medal, and World War Two Victory Medal for his wartime service.
Distinguished Service Medal with oak leaf cluster American Campaign Medal World War II Victory Medal Dates of Rank Lieutenant General, Regular Army: January 15, 1942 References
Jump up ^ Britannica article
Jump up ^ Hounshell 1984, pp. 224–225.
Jump up ^ Hounshell 1984, p. 225.
Jump up ^ Hounshell 1984, p. 264.
Jump up ^ Hounshell 1984, pp. 217–261.
Jump up ^ 'Big Bill' Knudsen turned Chevrolet into a powerhouse AutoNews, October 31, 2011
^ Jump up to: a b Hounshell 1984, p. 265.
Jump up ^ Baime, Albert (2014). The Arsenal of Democracy. New York, New York: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. pp. 72–73. ISBN 978-0-547-71928-3.
Jump up ^ "Knudsen the Only Civilian To Enter Army at His Rank", The New York Times, p. 9, January 17, 1942.
Jump up ^ Herman 2012, pp. 284-346.
Jump up ^ Herman, Arthur. Freedom's Forge: How American Business Produced Victory in World War II, pp. 3-13, 149, 335-337, Random House, New York, NY, 2012. NY Times review
Jump up ^ Parker, Dana. Building Victory: Aircraft Manufacturing in the Los Angeles Area in World War II, pp. 5, 7-10, 13, 59, 131-2., Cypress, CA, 2013.
Jump up ^ Borth, Christy. Masters of Mass Production, pp. 35-37, 62-93, Bobbs-Merrill Co., Indianapolis, IN, 1945.
Jump up ^ http://content.time.com/time/covers/0,16641,19401007,00.html
Jump up ^ The Detroit News, Saturday, June 19, 1937
Jump up ^ The Detroit News, Tuesday, April 27, 1948
Jump up ^ North American Medal Recipient Index (by William P. Jones. The Order of Dannebrog and other Royal Scandinavian medals. 2009) 
Jump up ^ William S. Knudsen Automotive Hall of Fame
Jump up ^ 3. The William S. Knudsen and Clara Elisabeth Knudsen Rebild Fund
Jump up ^ http://michiganhistory.leadr.msu.edu/waterford-schools-and-their-michigan-history-connection/