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Everything posted by Ranger-1972

  1. There is an interesting helmet for sale on e-Bay. It is an early M1881 body style but with the M1872 eagle plate & plume socket, as well as the chain-link rosette side buttons for the chin chain (all with heavy white-gold gilt). Heavy gold braided cords on the helmet. It has 2 stars affixed to the front of the eagle plate, and the name Nelson A. Miles embossed in gold on the inside of the helmet. It has a white feather plume in the M1872 plume holder, rather than the authorized yak tail plume. Regular cloth lining found in officer's helmets of the period. This could be dism
  2. Here is a photo of the cold weather cap worn with the Army Service Uniform (same midnight blue color as the dress blue coat). The green version was worn with the old green Class A uniform & overcoat when not in formation (e.g., optional purchase). Wore this when attending ceremonies with the German Army in northern Germany in the dead of winter. Not stylish, but certainly beats frost-bitten ears! This is an issue item for the 3rd Infantry Regiment (The Old Guard) because they perform ceremonies outdoors in the middle of winter in their dress uniforms. Similar to issuing the
  3. Wider, deeper, flatter cap brim (1910-1912 timeframe). This is closer to the brim on the cap you have. Narrower, shallower, more vertical cap brim (1902 timeframe). This is closer to the brim on the cap 2LT Gordon is wearing. Both are more than 50 years later - but the Army didn't "waste" leather on big cap brims in the early years.
  4. The brim on the hat you have appears to be both 'wider' and 'longer' than the one on the hat Gordon is wearing. It's more like the M1912 version of the dress cap. Agree that the fabric colors are very vibrant for a hat that is more than 170 years old. That said, I have an officer's M1902 dress cap that looks like it just came off the shelf - complete with gold bullion eagle embroidered on the front of the cap that has absolutely no tarnish. The oldest 'original' military hat I've got is an 1872 staff officer's chapeau. The cloth & gold tassels are in excellent condition; on
  5. George H. Gordon, USMA '46 (classmate of Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson) was commissioned a brevet 2LT in the Mounted Rifles upon graduation. I've attached a 'flipped' copy of the photo of him wearing the wheel cap -- with the saber & sash on the officer's left and the jacket buttoning properly. You can compare the hat you have to the one in the Mexican War era photo. From the Cullum Register of USMA graduates (highlighted his Mexican War service; he went on to become a MG of Volunteers during the Civil War): Vol. II p291 1314 (Born Mas.)
  6. The insignia on the cap and collar appear to be that of the 4th Regiment of Field Artillery (Mountain), organized 13 June 1904 at Vancouver Barracks, Washington, under the command of COL Alexander B. Dyer, Jr. It consisted of a Headquarters and six firing batteries. A Battery (formed from the former 26th Battery); B Battery (formed from the former 28th Battery); C Battery (formed from the former 23rd Battery); D Battery (formed from the former 27th Battery); E Battery (organized June 1907); and F Battery (organized June 1907). The 4th Field Artillery served during the Mexican Punitive Exped
  7. This appears to be the Field Artillery insignia adopted in 1904 (a caisson wheel on a disc, superimposed on the crossed cannon), rather than the Coast Artillery insignia (an artillery shell on a disc, superimposed on the crossed cannon). It would be very unusual for a Coast Artillery officer below the rank of Major to be mounted, whereas every Field Artillery officer would ride a horse.
  8. Thanks - that makes sense. WRT ribbons, I figured the Occupation ribbon (First Army HQ was initially slated to go from Europe to the Pacific to participate in Operation Downfall in 1946, but after 11 straight months in combat, many individuals transferred to Third Army or Ninth Army, rather than opt to fight another foe), the WWII Victory Medal ribbon, the American Theater ribbon, and the European Theater ribbon (with four stars - Normandy, Northern France, Rhineland, Ardennes-Alsace, and Central Europe). He might have earned a Bronze Star in Europe, especially if he was in one of the FA G
  9. In my original post, I indicated it was a M1942 jacket, which is not technically correct. The male officer's winter service uniform in 1941 consisted of a 4 button, 4 pocket coat of finer wool fabric in olive drab shade No. 51 ("dark-shade" i.e. a very dark forest green with brownish hue), nicknamed "greens". The coat was worn with a russet brown leather Sam Brown belt until 1942 when the leather belt was replaced by a cloth belt of matching fabric to the coat. Officers could wear trousers matching the color and fabric of the coat, or optionally they were allowed taupe colored, trouse
  10. I acquired a M1942 officer's uniform (with the vented pleats at the back) worn by a field artillery officer who served with First Army in WWII. He obviously continued to wear the same uniform long after the war, because his overseas bars are on the right sleeve (which did not happen until 1953). The uniform has a First Army insignia on the right sleeve, and a Fourth Army insignia on the left sleeve. The right sleeve also has four overseas bars and a Meritorious Service Unit Insignia (wreath) - probably the one awarded to Fourth Army, since it did not serve in combat during WWII. First
  11. What type of sword belt / cross-body sling was worn under the M1902 white, high-collar jacket when the officer was 'under arms'? I've got photos of officer wearing the white, high-collar jacket with trousers and with white riding breeches and boots -- all the while wearing a M1902 saber. The saber straps hang from an opening to the left side of the jacket. But there is no visible dark 'stripe' or 'bulge' around the officer's waist under the white jacket -- and one would think that wearing either the dress belt or the service belt & buckle would 'show' under the coat. Most office
  12. On 26 July 1941, President Roosevelt issued a Presidential Order (6 Fed. Reg. 3825) calling "all the organized military forces of the Government of the Commonwealth of the Philippines" into the service of the U.S. armed forces. That same order promised U.S. citizenship and veteran's benefits to Filipinos who enlisted in the U.S. Army. About 250,000 Filipinos joined the ranks. Those living in the States were sworn in as citizens as soon as they enlisted. Those who joined in the Philippines were promised their citizenship at war's end. However, in 1946, President Truman signed the Rescissio
  13. What's interesting about this photo is that MG Scott is wearing the M1902 full-dress uniform for mounted officers, M1902 officer's saber, and the M1912 hat (with the wider crown), but he is wearing the M1872 version of a general officer's sword belt -- with the long strap from the center of the back of the belt and a short strap on the left side. Along with the M1902 uniform & saber was the M1902 sword belt -- which had a long & a short strap (fastened side by side) -- worn on the left hip. As a general officer, Scott was able to design his own uniform. First time I've seen th
  14. The Hathi Trust webpage is a great place to look for U.S. Army uniform regulations https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/006539002 Here is a .pdf of the Regulations for the Uniforms of the U.S. Army, 1917 https://history.army.mil/html/bookshelves/resmat/wwi/historical_resources/default/sec04/PDF/regulationsforun1917uniform.pdf There was no set of U.S. Army Uniform Regulations published in 1919. Bill Emerson lists the following for pre-WWI, WWI, post-WWI: 1911: Regulations for the Uniform of the United States Army, 26 Dec 1911. 1912 Specification for the Uniforms of the United
  15. They are the correct trousers for wear with the high collar M1902 dress tunic and with the double-breasted M1902 full-dress coat. General officers wore dark blue trousers. Dismounted officers of the infantry, artillery, cavalry and engineers wore sky blue trousers; mounted officers wore sky blue breeches. The Regulations and Notes for the Uniform of the Army of the United States, 1902 prescribed as the dress uniform for officers a single-breasted sack coat of dark blue cloth or serge, with standing collar fastened with two hooks and eyes; coat to close with flap containing suitable
  16. HQ 34th Artillery Brigade: 64th CA Regt (British 8"), 70th CA Regt (US-assembled British 8"), 71st CA Regt (British 8") - not in combat
  17. Another possibility: Charles Walter Machemehl (1922-2005), Texas A&M class of '44, was transferred to the Army OCS program in 1943 and commissioned in the Army that year. He served with the 82nd Airborne Division as a forward observer, participating in the Battle of the Bulge, the Ruhr Pocket, and the Battle of the Hurtgen Forest - and was in the unit that linked up with the Russian Army at the Elbe River in 1945. He received two Bronze Stars and a Silver Star. He later served in the 17th Airborne Division and ended the war as a Captain serving as the aide to General Matthew B. Rid
  18. Ref the E / 59th Artillery insignia, wonder if this is a post-WWI uniform from the 1920s. The 59th Coast Artillery Regiment was not demobilized after WWI - it went first to California, then to Washington, then to the Philippines. In about 1921, certain uniform items that had been authorized in France during WWI -- but forbidden for wear in the US -- were finally allowed to be worn. These included the Sam Browne belt for officers, and the divisional shoulder insignia. It might be that this individual was serving with the 59th Coast Artillery Regiment in the Philippines in 1921, and
  19. WRT the E / 59th Artillery uniform, there was a 59th Field Artillery Brigade assigned to the 34th Division. The 28th Division had the 53rd Field Artillery Brigade (107th, 108th, 109th FA Regiments, 103rd Trench Mortar Battery, 103rd Ammunition Train). The collar discs are of the 1918 design for a Field Artillery unit (not CAC) - with the U.S. and regimental number on one disc, and crossed cannon (centered on the disc) with the battery letter beneath on the other disc. Prior to 1918, enlisted field artillerymen wore the regimental number in the intersection above the crossed cann
  20. The artist was Joseph Christian (J. C.) Leyendecker (in his time, as famous as Norman Rockwell). This illustration was a Saturday Evening Post cover on 31 May 1919. See: https://i.pinimg.com/originals/6c/b1/50/6cb15023f8900d1d6863ee5eff58ee12.jpg And: http://poulwebb.blogspot.com/2015/04/j-c-leyendecker-part-4.html Though born in Germany, he was one of the preeminent artists depicting the US military during WWI. He was incredibly detailed (and pretty accurate) in depicting uniforms, though clearly in an idealized fashion.
  21. Great thread. I would point out that the Germans had taken heavy artillery seriously - learning from their experiences in the Franco-Prussian War about the need for heavy guns against fortifications (whereas the French lesson learned from that war was about the need for light field guns for open fighting). It will take me a while to dig out my master's thesis to get the specific details, but the Germans began WWI with a significant number of heavy and very heavy artillery units, which they put to good use - first against the Russian border fortifications and later the Belgian and Fre
  22. I don't recall for sure, but the entire uniform set was up for sale (from either AGM or James Mountain) about 18-24 months ago. As indicated by the collar insignia, he was a Reserve officer. The patch on the sleeve would lead me to believe he served in France (shoulder patches were not authorized in the continental US until the 1920s). Robert Davis Longyear was born in 11 July 1892 in Minnesota, the son of Edmund J. Longyear. He earned a BA from Williams College in 1914 and an MA from the University of Wisconsin in 1915. In 1915-16, he was a graduate student in Geology at Stanford. H
  23. I've only got a photo of the shoulder patch of that officer's complete uniform. It was for sale, but for more than I could afford That's the only patch I've seen for the First Army railroad artillery (as distinct from the Railroad Artillery Reserve, with the Oozlefinch), but I would not be surprised to discover other insignia. Might send a query to the National WWI Museum and Memorial in Kansas City. They probably have the best Army uniform collection from WWI that I've ever seen. Another option would be to contact the Coast Artillery Museum at Fort Worden in Townsend, WA, or the Art
  24. Great forum, with lots of first-rate information. I was surprised by the field artillery and coast artillery units having red and white (which had been the color of the Corps of Engineers since 1872), rather than just solid red (which had been the artillery color since 1832). There was also a WWI blouse worn by 1LT Robert D. Longyear, a Coast Artillery officer -- his shoulder patch was the First Army block A with the crossed cannon / shell insignia of the CAC superimposed on the bottom of the patch (with the shell on a red oval). The First Army (Artillery) Ammunition Train had a red
  25. There is a photo of 2LT George Henry Gordon (USMA, 46) wearing a M1839 forage cap with an eagle on the front - similar to what is on this hat. No opinion as to whether this is a reproduction or not, but some officers clearly wore the eagle on the front of this cap. The image on the Daguerreotype is reversed (e.g., the officer's coat appears to button from right-to-left - like a woman's blouse, rather than left-to-right - like a man's shirt or jacket) and the knot on his sash is over his right leg (it should be over his left leg), so the eagle appears to be facing to the viewer's right whe
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