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Ranger-1972

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  1. Went through the list of all the brigadier generals in the U.S. Army shown in the 1935 Army Register without discovering anyone who as commander of the 21st Infantry Brigade in the Hawaiian Division. Did, however, discover that BG Thomas E. Merrill was the commander of the 11th Field Artillery Brigade in the Hawaiian Division from 1934-1937 (per the Field Artillery Journal and his biography), the same years that BG Nuttman was commanding the 22nd Infantry Brigade in Hawaii. The officer second from the right on the reviewing stand might be BG Merrill.
  2. Interesting to observe that, although all four of these generals were combat veterans of the First World War, none of them are wearing the overseas chevrons on their lower left sleeves. Also interesting to note that the CO, 22nd Inf Bde is "under arms" (e.g., wearing his saber), but the CO of the division is not wearing his. Just goes to show that "uniformity" was not very much enforced during the interwar years.
  3. Correction to my previous transmission. Unlikely that the CG of the Hawaiian Separate Coast Artillery Brigade would be wearing the SSI of the Hawaiian Division (and the SSI for that Separate CA Bde was not authorized until 1936 - shown below). The two general officers to the right of the reviewing stand may be the commanders of the 21st and 22nd Infantry Brigades within the Hawaiian Division. BG Louis M. Nuttman commanded the 22nd Inf Bde from 1934-37 (photo below shows him wearing the 4th Division SSI when he was CO of the 18th Inf Bde from 1937-38). I've not found the
  4. Do you have any additional photos of this event which might show the SSI worn by the officer second from the right?
  5. The Infantry wore both white and light blue as their branch color, depending on (1) when and (2) what article of clothing. From the Revolution until 1851, the color worn by the Infantry was white. From 1851-1857, the color worn by the Infantry was Saxony blue. From 1857-1886, it was sky blue. Once again, in 1886, the Infantry reverted to wearing white as their branch color. This continued until 1902, when light blue was prescribed once again. HOWEVER, white continued to be used on trouser stripes, the linings of officer's capes, and enlisted chevrons as late as 1917.
  6. There was a mess jacket for NCOs in the pre-WWII Army. This is a photo of a cavalry sergeant's jacket, dated 1938. Note the small service stripes and that the miniature medals are worn on the jacket, not on the lapel (as they are today). Notice also that the stripe on the trousers (and the color of the sergeant's stripes and the service stripes are tied to the sergeant's branch (yellow for cavalry). Artillery NCOs would have had a scarlet stripe on the trousers / scarlet chevrons / scarlet service stripes. Infantry would have been infantry blue. Signal Corps would have been orange. QM woul
  7. Gil - Great early (pre-1928) white mess uniform. Perhaps he was stationed in Coblenz during the Occupation after WWI, and had the uniform tailored while he was there. I managed to acquire the white mess uniform (complete with trousers, vest, and hat) worn by then-Major Otto H. Schrader, CAC. During WWI (1916-18), he was stationed at Ft Kamehameha, guarding the approaches to Pearl Harbor in the Territory of Hawaii, becoming the C.O. from Jun-Nov 1918. In the same purchase, I got his M-1937 dress blue uniform (with the 'pinks' riding breeches & russet boots), as well as his special even
  8. Wear of the full-dress uniform was discontinued as the US entered WWI in 1917, and was not reauthorized (as an optional uniform) until 1929. It was worn again from 1929 to 1936, when the high-collar, double-breasted full dress coat and the high-collar undress sack coat was discontinued. At that time, the dress & full-dress uniforms were slight variations on the roll-collar, single-breasted coat very similar to what is still worn today by Army officers. The reason that this officer never upgraded his full-dress coat is that a company-grade officer (2LT, 1LT, CPT) wore two rows
  9. 2nd Inf Div soldiers could earn the right to wear the division patch as a combat unit shoulder sleeve insignia from 1968 to 1973 if they served north of the Imjin River (e.g., adjacent to or within the DMZ). In 1973, hostile fire pay was discontinued for Korea. Soldiers qualified for HFP if they were assigned north of the Imjin River during a given month. After six months of HFP, they earned an overseas bar for wear on their Class A uniform, and the right to wear the 2nd ID patch on their right sleeve when they departed Korea.
  10. In the 1970s, Tae Kwan Do was a mandatory part of physical training throughout the 2nd Infantry Division (along with the standard push-ups, sit-ups, and run). At least in the direct support Field Artillery battalion I was in, we had one or more Black Belt KATUSA soldiers in each battery. Soldiers could take additional Tae Kwan Do lessons on their own time after duty hours. Many units had Tae Kwan Do teams, and there was competition across the division. Guessing these two are winners of one of those tournaments. Muhammed Ali made a 3-day trip to Korea in late June 1976, including a visit t
  11. In 1978, I had a female sergeant assigned to the Service Battery I commanded in Germany (1st Infantry Division Forward). She was from the Division Support Command element -- and attached to my supply section. She went with my unit to the field just like everyone else in the battery.
  12. Colonel John W. Paddock, Commanding Officer, 155th Airborne Anti-Aircraft Artillery Battalion, 17th Airborne Division (photo likely taken in the fall of 1944 in England, prior to the division deploying to fight in the Battle of the Bulge).
  13. Colonel Thomas S. Gunby, Executive Officer, 17th Airborne Division Artillery (photo likely taken in the fall of 1944 in England, prior to the division deploying to fight in the Battle of the Bulge). 17th Division Artillery Commander was BG Joseph V. Phelps
  14. The 82nd Airborne Division tended to march to its own drumbeat. In the mid-1970s, the 82nd Abn Div was wearing maroon berets, though they were not authorized by AR 670-1. I (along with three other officers) was sent TDY to the Field Artillery Survey Officer's Course at Ft Sill, OK (target acquisition and surveying in artillery batteries were taught there) in spring 1974. All of us young lieutenants from the 82nd Abn DIVARTY were told when we arrived that we were not permitted to wear the maroon berets while at Ft Sill. We initially told them to pound sand - we were TDY and not assigned to
  15. The 56th Artillery Group (later 56th Artillery Brigade; later 56th Artillery Command) was the Pershing missile unit in Germany from 1964 until the missiles were withdrawn from service after the INF Treaty was signed. The 56th consisted of three Pershing missile battalions (1-41 FA in Schwabisch-Gmund, 3-84 FA in Neckarsulm and Heilbronn, and 1-84 FA in Neu Ulm), plus an infantry battalion for local defense (2-4 Inf with companies in Heilbronn, Kornwestheim, and Neu Ulm), a chemical decon detachment, and a maintenance battalion. To the best of my knowledge, the 2-4 Inf was one of o
  16. Notice on the 6 April 1948 color photo of the return to the Capitol of the national flag which had flown there on 7 Dec 1941, and then been raised over Rome, Berlin, and Tokyo, that the Army colonel on the far right (with back to the camera) is wearing riding breeches and riding boots with spurs. The other officers in the same row on the steps of the Capitol all have on Military District of Washington SSI, and I presume he does as well - though I cannot blow up the picture with enough clarity to be sure. Below is a photo from the other side of the Capitol, showing the officer on the right.
  17. Here is a color newsreel film of MacArthur showing the flag raising at the reopened US Embassy in Tokyo in September 1945. https://archive.org/details/42874MacarthurFootage
  18. Here is a link to a color newsreel film taken during the flag raising in Berlin in July 1945. http://footage.framepool.com/en/shot/356885643-henry-l-stimson-george-patton-flag-ceremony-lucius-clay
  19. On 7 Dec 1941, a Congressman from Texas introduced a motion that the flag flying over the Capitol was to be preserved - and flown over Tokyo once the U.S. had defeated them. When Germany and Italy declared war on the United States, the motion was amended to include Rome and Berlin. This flag was subsequently raised over Rome (on 4 July 1944), Berlin (on 25 July 1945), and Tokyo (in September 1945) - as each was occupied by the U.S. Army. President Truman raised the flag over what later became Clay Kaserne in Berlin when he was in the city for the Potsdam Conference. In this photo (6
  20. Captain Roger Donlon was the first Medal of Honor winner in Vietnam. (He also was the reviewing officer for the annual parade of the 1st Junior ROTC Brigade in El Paso, TX in 1968. Back then, JROTC was mandatory for all high school students in Texas - for at least two years. The 1st JROTC Brigade had 11 battalions of cadets -- one for each high school in El Paso. There was another JROTC Brigade in Ysleta, TX -- just to the south of El Paso -- which had another 10 battalions of cadets. Different times.)
  21. Noticed that MG Miles is wearing his old colonel's overcoat in both photos (with 5 rows of braid on the sleeve) and a non-regulation sword belt / slings. He also has a distinctive collar trim on the second photo. You cannot see the cuff braid in that photo. In the painting below of LTG Miles, he has clearly designed his own cuff and collar braid, and his own shoulder knots. In the second photo, LTG Miles is wearing a unique white M1902 visor cap (with just two stars above the eagle, even though he was a 3-star at that point) with his full-dress blue uniform.
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