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walika

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    WWII Aviation: AAF, USN and USMC.

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  1. Exactly. The thin tan material substituted for the thick Australian wool is a tell.
  2. Comparison of genuine WWII issue and the reproduction shown above. My original post here. Australian embroidered on wool patches typically have a thick wool and rich, deep embroidery.
  3. I don't think it is an original. The tan fabric is the give away, and the embroidery looks newer vintage. Activated in 1942, Deactivated 1945. The embroidered on wool issue was first, followed by the decal on leather.
  4. 11th Bombardment Group | 14th, 26th & 98th Bomb Squadrons | Thirteenth AAF | 13th AAF | CBI 14th Bomb Squadron, 26th Bomb Squadron and 98th Bomb Squadron Constituted as 11th Observation Group in 1933. Redesignated 11th Bombardment Group (Medium) in 1938. Activated in Hawaii on I Feb 1940. Redesignated 11th Bombardment Group (Heavy) in Nov 1940. Assigned to Seventh AF in Feb 1941. Trained with B-18’s; received B-17’s for operations. Flew patrol and search missions off Hawaii after the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor. Moved to the New Hebrides in Jul 1942. Became part of Thirteenth AF. Struck airfields, supply dumps, ships, docks, troop positions, and other objectives in the South Pacific, Jul-Nov 1942, and received a DUC for those operations. Continued operations, attacking Japanese airfields, installations, and shipping in the Solomons, until late in Mar 1943. Returned to Hawaii, reassigned to Seventh AF, and trained with B-24’s. Resumed combat in Nov 1943 and participated in the Allied offensive through the Gilberts, Marshalls, and Marianas, while operating from Funafuti, Tarawa, and Kwajalein. Moved to Guam in Oct 1944 and attacked shipping and airfields in the Volcano and Bonin Islands. Moved to Okinawa in Jul 1945 to take part in Japan, bombing railways, airfields, and harbor facilities on Kyushu and striking airfields in China. After the war, flew reconnaissance and surveillance missions to China and ferried liberated prisoners of war from Okinawa to Luzon. Remained in the theater as part of Far East Air Forces but had no personnel assigned after mid-Dec 1945 when the group was transferred to the Philippines. SQUADRONS. 14th: 1940-1941. 26th: 1940-1948; 1948-1952. 42d: 1940-1948; 98th: 1941-1948; 431st: 1942-1946. STATIONS. Hickam Field, TH, New Hebrides, Jul 1942; Hickam Field, TH, 8 Apr 1943; Funafuti, Nov 1943; Tarawa, 20 Jan 1944; Kwajalein, 5 Apr 1944; Guam, 25 Oct 1944; Okinawa, 2 Jul 1945. CAMPAIGNS. Central Pacific; Air Offensive, Japan; Guadalcanal; Northern Solomons; Eastern Mandates; Western Pacific; Ryukyus ; China Offensive. INSIGNE. Shield: Azure (Air Force blue), on a bend or (Air Force yellow), three grey geese volant proper (in their natural colors). Crest: On a wreath or and azure a grey goose proper with wings displayed and inverted. Motto: PROGRESSIO SINE TIMORE AUT PRAE JUDICIO - Progress without Fear or Prejudice. (Approved II Jun 1941.) Decal and paint on leather. 14th Bomb Squadron EMBLEM. On a hurt the dome of the United States Capitol argent within a border of sixteen segments alternating azure and or. ( Approved 10 May 1933.) Decal on leather. (Early War period.) Decal on leather. Theater-made. Embroidered on wool. Chenille and embroidery on wool (capitol). 26th Bomb Squadron EMBLEM. On a shield parted per bend blue and orange [orange and blue], a clenched hand couped at the wrist counterchanged. (Approved 15 Feb 1924.) Decal on leather. Theater-made. Embroidered on satin. 98th Bomb Squadron EMBLEM. On a grayed medium blue disc, wide border red, a caricatured yellow orange aerial bomb with flesh color arms, face portraying impudence, with right thumb crossing red tongue, expressing pugnacious anticipation, while falling toward base and emitting speed lines to rear. (Approved 20 Sep 1944.) Theater-made. Australian fully embroidered. Painted on leather. Sources: Maurer. Air Force Combat Squadrons of World War II. Maurer. Air Force Combat Units of World War II. 14bs11bg13aaf 26bs11bg13aaf 98bs11bg13aaf
  5. 13th Air Depot Group | Thirteenth Air Force | 13th AAF Station: Depot was at Tontouta, near New Caledonia. A small lot attributed to Sgt. Orbey L. Dunn included his dog tag and this patch. Theater-made. Handpainted on aircraft fabric. 13adg13aaf
  6. 13th Emergency Rescue Squadron | 13th AAF Theater-made. Chainstitch embroidery. 13ers13aaf
  7. 403d Troop Carrier Group | 13th, 63rd, & 64th Troop Carrier Squadrons | Thirteenth Air Force Constituted as 403d Troop Carrier Group on 7 Dec 1942 and activated on 12 Dec. Trained for overseas duty with C-47’s. Moved to the South Pacific, Jul-Sep 1943, and assigned to Thirteenth AF. Transported men and supplies to forward areas in the Solomons and flew passenger and cargo routes to New Zealand, Australia, Fiji, and New Caledonia. Moved personnel of Thirteenth AF units to the Southwest Pacific. Supported the New Guinea and Philippines campaigns by transporting men and cargo to combat areas, evacuating casualties, and landing or dropping supplies for guerrilla forces. The group played a more direct role in the New Guinea campaign by flying supplies and reinforcements into the combat zone and evacuating casualties. The group moved forward to Los Negros in the Admiralty Islands in August 1944, then on to recently captured Biak in October 1944, bringing it closer to the front line. Dropped paratroops at Laguna de Bay, Luzon, on 23 Feb 1945, to free civilian internees held by the Japanese. In May-June 1945 the group carried out more than fifteen sorties per day to support the troops advancing rapidly across Mindanao. Received a DUC for operations from Apr to Jun 1945 when it transported ammunition, food, and other supplies to Eighth Army forces in Mindanao and often landed on jungle airstrips to evacuate wounded personnel. Moved to Leyte in Jun 1945 and remained in the Philippines after the war as part of Far East Air Forces. Ferried occupation troops to Japan, evacuated prisoners who had been liberated, and flew cargo and passenger routes to Japan and Australia. Inactivated in Manila on 15 Oct 1946. SQUADRONS. 13th: 1943-1946; 63d: 1942-1946; 64th: 1942-1946; 65th: 1942-1946; 66th: 1942-1946. STATIONS. Bowman Field, Ky, 12 Dec 1942; Alliance, Neb, 18 Dec 1942; Pope Field, NC, 3 May 1943; Baer Field, Ind, 20 Jun-c. 15 Jul 1943; Espiritu Santo, 15 Sep 1943; Los Negros, 30 Aug 1944; Biak, 4 Oct 1944; Leyte, 25 Jun 1945; Clark Field, Luzon, Jan 1946. CAMPAIGNS. World War II: New Guinea; Northern Solomons; Bismarck Archipelago; Western Pacific; Leyte; Luzon; Southern Philippines. 13th Troop Carrier Squadron Theater-made. Australian fully embroidered. 63th Troop Carrier Squadron Theater-made. Australian embroidery on wool. Design by Walt Disney Studios. 64th Troop Carrier Squadron EMBLEM. On a disc light blue, border equally divided light turquoise blue and golden orange, a caricatured stork in flight, tail, feet, legs, wings, neck, and head yellow, body in shape of transport aircraft orange, eyes black, beak orange, holding aloft a caricatured cherub proper, grasping a tommy” gun white, orange, and black in right hand, and a “pineapple” grenade in left hand, and wearing a white helmet and parachute held at end by beak of stork; white cloud indications in chief and in base. (Approved 16 Jun 1943.) Theater-made. Australian embroidery on wool. 66th Troop Carrier Squadron EMBLEM. Over and through a medium blue disc, a caricatured, golden orange street car, winged of the last, in flight toward dexter, over a white cloud formation in base, driven by a caricatured pilot wearing brown flight suit and red aviator’s helmet, at motorman’s post, and having a caricatured paratrooper hanging out of the window on the side, and another caricatured paratrooper attired, proper, standing on roof in midst of assorted boxes, freight, and bundles red, yellow, and green, and holding a brown gun in the left hand. (Approved 15 Dec 1944.) Theater-made. Australian embroidery on wool. Design by Walt Disney Studios. 13tcs403tcg13aaf 63tcs403tcg13aaf 64tcs403tcg13aaf 66tcs403tcg13aaf
  8. 307th Bomb Group | 13th AAF | "The Long Rangers" Squadrons: 370th, 1942-1946; 371st, 1942-1946; 372d, 1942-1945; 424th, 1942-1945. The 307th Bombardment Group (Heavy) was activated in 1942 by the Army Air Corps Combat Command after an attack on Pearl Harbor thrust the United States in war with Japan. On April 15, 1942, the 307th began operations as a B-17 Flying Fortress bomber unit at Geiger Field, Washington. Its first mission to guard the northwestern United States and Alaskan coasts against armed invasion prepared the group for its later role in the Pacific Theater of World War II. After patrolling the coastline of America for five months, the 307th's B-17s were replaced with the famous B-24 "Liberators". Subsequently, the entire unit was transferred to Sioux City, Iowa, for a brief training period. After completing a three-week familiarization program, the 307th relocated its entire cadre and 35 bombers to Hamilton Field, California. Three days later, the B-24s were deployed to Oahu in the Hawaiian Islands. An old Norwegian freighter slowly transported the remainder of the group to its "Pacific Paradise". Upon arrival at Oahu, each of the group’s four squadrons was assigned to different Hawaiian locations; the 370th to Kipapa, the 371st to Wheeler Field, the 372nd to Kabuka and the 424th to Mokaleia. Headquarters for the 307th was centered at Hickam Field. Finally settled at Oahu, 307th bombers began search and patrol missions over the surrounding Pacific area. Mantaining a 24-hour vigil, the bombers were to avert any naval attack against the Hawaiian Islands. Stations were eventually set up on Espiritu Santo, New Hebrides on Jan 13, 1943; Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands on Aug 20, 1943; Los Negros, Admiralty Islands on Jun 1, 1944; Wake Island on Sep 3 ,1944; Morotai, New Guinea on Oct 17, 1944 and Clark Field, Luzon, Philippines on Aug 27, 1945. Stations: Geiger Field, Wash, 15 Apr 1942 Ephrata, Wash, 28 May 1942 Sioux City AAB, Iowa, 30 Sep-20 Oct 1942 Hickam Field, TH, 1 Nov 1942 Guadalcanal, Feb 1943 New Georgia, 28 Jan 1944 Los Negros, c. 29 Apr 1944 Wakde, 24 Aug 1944 Morotai, c. 18 Oct 1944 Clark Field, Luzon, Sep-Dec 1945 Camp Stoneman, Calif, 16-18 Jan 1946 MacDill Field, Fla, 4 Aug 1946-16 Jun 1952 World War II Campaigns: Central Pacific Guadalcanal New Guinea Northern Solomons Eastern Mandates Bismarck Archipelago Western Pacific Leyte Luzon Southern Philippines 307th Bomb Group " "The Long Rangers" Theater-made. Multi-piece wool. Theater-made. Australian embroidery on wool. Theater-made. Australian embroidery on wool. Theater-made. Incised leather, hand-painted. 370th Bomb Squadron EMBLEM. On a blue disc, border gold, a gold aerial bomb dropping to dexter base behind a white lightning flash, point to sinister base. (Approved 27 Mar 1943.) Theater-made. Multi-piece wool. Theater-made. Australian embroidery on wool. 371th Bomb Squadron Theater-made. Australian embroidery on wool. Theater-made. Hand-drawn in ink and paint on leather. 372nd Bomb Squadron Theater-made. Australian embroidery on wool. 424th Bomb Squadron EMBLEM. A disc piped black, per fess debased engrailed, argent and azure, issuing from partition line a red sun rayed proper, surmounted by a black aerial bomb palewise, point to base. (Approved 25 Feb 1943.) Theater-made. Multi-piece wool. Group bombers received their first taste of combat December 27, 1942. Twenty-seven of the group’s aircraft were deployed from Oahu to Midway Island. From here, the B-24s staged their first attack against an enemy fortress on Wake Island. The enemy was taken by surprise during the predawn raid. Before Japanese units responded with a barrage of anti-aircraft fire, 307th bombers had blasted 90 percent of the Wake stronghold. All aircraft returned safely from what was considered the longest mass raid of that time. It was from this and succeeding long-distance combat missions, that the 307th Bombardment Group became known as the "Long Rangers". The 307th moved to Guadalcanal in February 1943. From their new location on the largest of the Solomon Islands, Group bombers attacked fortified Japanese airfields and shipping installations within the Southwest Pacific. At Guadalcanal, the 307th Bombardment Group was subjected to massive air attacks by enemy bomber and fighter aircraft. On a warm day in March 1943, three waves of Japanese planes blasted the airfield, causing the greatest number of 307th casualties during the war. November 11, 1943, the 307th participated in the largest aerial strike of the South Pacific War. In conjunction with United States naval elements, group bombers pounded enemy war and merchant ships at Rabaul, New Guinea. Amdist swarms of Japanese "Zeros" and heavy anti-aircraft fire, 307th aircraft released their bombs, leaving the port of Rabaul in complete ruin. Throughout the remainder of the war, 307th aircraft continued to cripple the debilitated enemy. Group elements neutralized Japanese forces at Yap, Truk, Palau, Balikapan, and the Phillipines. Bombing strikes against Japanese shipping centers in the Philippines inhibited the enemy from gaining a further strong hold in the area. An unescorted attack by group aircraft against oil refineries at Balikapan, Borneo, October 3, 1944 helped assure an allied victory in the South Pacific. Following V-J Day, 1945, 307th aircraft ferried former American war prisoners from Okinawa to Manila. No longer needed, the group returned to the states in December 1945 and was subsequently deactivated. With barely time to form cobwebs, the 307th Bombardment Group was reactivated August 4, 1946, and is still active today. While in the Pacific, the 307th was awarded two Distinguished Unit Citations, one for an air strike against Truk on March 29, 1944 and another for a strike against the refineries at Borneo on October 3, 1944. The group was also awarded the Philippine Presidential Unit Citation for its active role in the Philippines campaign. 370bs307bg13aaf 371bs307bg13aaf 372bs307bg13aaf 424bs307bg13aaf
  9. Hi Eric, What a wonderful story, and patch. Thanks for sharing them both. Rick
  10. These items in your post are souvenir reproductions.
  11. Apparently the Forum software upgrade messed up the links in my post, so I will repeat it below: VB-16 | USS Lexington (CV-16) VB-16 operated from Lexington during the period September 1943-June 1944, and was for a time one of only two Dauntless squadrons assigned to Pacific fleet carriers. The squadron participated in the famous attack against the Japanese Fleet during the Battle of the Philippine Sea in June 1944. Silkscreened on linen. Embroidered. A U.S. Navy Douglas SBD-5 Dauntless of bombing squadron VB-16 flies an antisubmarine patrol low over the battleship USS Washington (BB-56) en route to the invasion of the Gilbert Islands, 12 November 1943. The ship in the background is USS Lexington (CV-16), the aircraft's home carrier. Note the depth charge below the SBD. USS Lexington (CV-16) A U.S. Navy launch officer on board USS Lexington (CV-16) waves the checkered flag signaling the launch of an Douglas SBD-5 Dauntless of Bombing Squadron VB-16 on a strike in the Central Pacific. VB-16 operated from Lexington during the period September 1943-June 1944, and was for a time one of only two Dauntless squadrons assigned to Pacific fleet carriers. The squadron participated in the famous attack against the Japanese Fleet during the Battle of the Philippine Sea in June 1944. VB-16 SBD-5 Dauntlesses onboard the Lexington. Apr 1944 A VB-16 plane in flight. (Note squadron insignia at left.)
  12. VH-6 | Rescue Squadron SIX Established 20 Sep 1944 NAS North Island, San Diego Aircraft: Martin PBM-5 Mariner Asignments: Fleet Air Wing FOURTEEN | 20 Sep 1944-4 Jun 1945 TWO | 5 Jun 1945-10 Jul 1945 ONE | 16 Jul 1945- Notable events: 27 July 1945: VH-6 commences rescue operations around Okinawa, joining Rescue Squadron VH-3 which has been there since April. 8-10 August 1945: VH-6 rescues 13 downed aviators off Japan. 14 August 1945: While on a standby mission for a USAAF bomber strike, a PBM from VH-6 is harassed by three Zero Fighters. The Lockheed P-38 Lightning escort is called for assistance. In the ensuing melee, one attacking Zero is shot down and another is listed as a probable. The third Zero escapes after shooting down one of the P-38's (whose pilot does not survive). I acquired a wonderful lot attributed to Lieut. (JG) Frederick Elmer Elg, USNR, who served in VH-6. Two thick scrapbooks with hundreds of photos chronicling his WWII experience, wings, ribbons and squadron patch. Embroidered on cotton. Lieut. F. E. Elg, second from left, 22 May 1945 in Hollywood CA. Lieut. Fred Elg's account of the war was published in a local newspaper in 2010, shown below. Martin PBM-5 Mariner The official history of the squadron can be found on fold3.com, here. Flight training in San Diego was in accordance with the prescribed syllabus for rescue squadrons. Special air/sea rescue exercises were conducted with planes and personnel of the squadron at Salton Sea, California. During the month of May 1945, it became apparent that all crews of the squadron were to be combat crews, that all guns were to be kept in the planes and that it would be advisable, if not necessary, to have ground and flight training in gunnery before engaging in air/sea rescue work in the forward areas. On 23 May 1945 nine crews departed for Pearl Harbor. On page 16 of the narrative history, it states: One of the most notable performances in flight occurred on one August 1945, when a plane of which Lieut. (JG) F. E. Elg, USNR, the patrol plane commander, lost its port engine over 400 miles north of Chima Wan, opposite the western part of Kyushu. The plane was successfully returned to Chimu Wan, notwithstanding adverse conditions including headwinds and whether which necessitated flying on instruments most of the time. In addition, the plane had no escort during the return flight and would have been easy prey for any enemy patrols which were likely to have been encountered during the return trip. The Squadron's roster dated august 1945 listed 32 officers and 83 enlisted.
  13. Here's a wonderfully executed WWII-era bullion insignia, likely an unknown Navy or Marine Corps composite, observation or patrol squadron. Any thoughts? Theater-made. Embroidered cotton with bullion.
  14. VT-23 | Torpedo Squadron TWENTY THREE | "The Blessed Bums" Established: VS-23 16 November 1942 at NAS Redesignated VC-23 1 March 1943 Redesignated VT-23 15 November 1943 Disestablished at NAS 19 September 1945 Assignment: Air Group 23 | CVLG-23 USS Princeton, Langley CVL-27 Aircraft: TBF-1C Deployments: VC-23 August 1943 - 8. August 1943 CVL-23 USS Princeton CVLG-23 TBF- - 25. August 1943 - September 1943 CVL-23 USS Princeton CVLG-23 TBF- - October 1943 - November 1943 CVL-23 USS Princeton CVLG-23 TBF- West Pacific (Bougainville, Rabaul) VT-23 3. January 1944 - January 1944 CVL-23 USS Princeton CVLG-23 TBF- -- 19. January 1944 - 11. May 1944 CVL-23 USS Princeton CVLG-23 TBF- West Pacific (Wojote, Kwajalein) 16. February 1945 - 17 April 1945 CVL-27 USS Langley CVLG-23 TBF-1C West Pacific Silkscreened on aircraft fabric. Stenciled on back VT-23.
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