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Pepper

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  1. Looks like it was painted for a "Tank Girl" cosplay costume
  2. Here is a snippet from a letter written by McCord Radiator and Manufacturing Company summing up their helmet related participation in the war effort dated 1946
  3. I see this is an old post but here is a link in the event you were not able to find an answer somewhere else https://cdn.shopify.com/s/files/1/1065/6146/files/MC_H_Vol_70_No3_M1_Helmet_Lot_Nos.pdf?3737742651470471381
  4. I am not able to comment on design changes regarding alterations to the M1 helmet's requirements due to the need for better concealment or ballistic increase as I have not read anything relating to this. If there is any potential study into the depth of the helmets draw specific to ballistics I would imagine that would be found in the studies and experimentation done in the late 1960s into the 1970s helmet program. The first steel helmet bodies pressed at a more shallow draw or "lower profile" from that of the first helmet bodies pressed by McCord were manufactured at Schlueter Manufacturing Co. during WWII. The M1 helmet suffered from its inception with post manufacture breakage or stress cracking due to the 7 inch deep draw required by the helmets design. Experimentation with steel was performed at McCord while changes in the pot design were experimented on at Schlueter. The Ordnance Department scheduled these changes to happen at Schlueter as they were tooling up to run helmets whereas McCord already had their tooling in place. The reduction in the depth of the draw was done in an attempt to minimize or eliminate cracking and breakage caused by the depth of the draw. Cold working the steel was another main contributor to stress cracking. Cold working was primarily done to form the front visor of the helmet back down in the opposite direction of the initial draw. The design change to the visor and slope of the front of the helmet is easily discerned when comparing the profile of a Schlueter helmet body to that of the McCord helmet body. Records from Watertown Arsenal detail these tests and how they were conducted.
  5. I am afraid I lack the capacity to understand the need for attempting to date a helmet shell to the speculated year and month of pressing. But then I am old and crotchety so...... As to your description of the component parts of the steel body (rear seam edging, hinged chin strap loops with OD#7 straps) your helmet exhibits final manufacturing characteristics which would have been implemented during 1945 manufacturing. Any liner would be appropriate however, if you want a liner with late war manufactured characteristics like your steel shell, I suggest a high pressure liner with blackened brass washers. You can find head bands and neck bands date stamped to 1945 and you would want a leather chinstrap with a blackened brass buckle with the patent number embossed into the flip.
  6. The M-1 Helmet: A History of the U.S. M-1 Helmet in World War II by Mark A. Reynosa Mark performed the first in depth research into the subject. This book is the most comprehensive and provides solid references to its topics. If Mark's books have a down side to them it is because Mark is an Engineer and his writing style is that of an Engineer and that the pictures were not high end studio shot. Helmet books on the M1 that follow this publication may have some new information and far better photographs but I guarantee all of them lean heavily on Mark's first book as a foundation reference.
  7. They are not uncommon but are somewhat difficult to find in unused condition. The double mark indicates a liner made in the 1950s by CAPAC manufacturing Co. The 5 & 1 indicate that CAPAC leased a helmet liner mold from the government, originally used by Westinghouse in WWII, and modified the mold by adding the CAPAC logo in 1951. Westinghouse is the other contractor at this time but they didn't modify the molds they received from the government instead they added a white Micarta ID tag to their liners.
  8. Normally liners like this were determined defective at the manufacturer. They were then webbed with available materials and sold as toys, work bump helmets or to VFW to use in parades. They use plastic, compressed paper, various fabric webbing and the like to make a quick suspension. I have seen several examples that do not put in neck support webbing as it is not needed when the liner is not intended to be worn with a steel helmet.
  9. As referenced by Doyler, The style cover you posted was used by the Marine Corps in WWII The Army experimented with a cover of significantly more complex design and construction. These covers in conjunction with uniforms of the same patterns were attributed with friendly fire incidents due to confusion between fellow U.S. soldiers wearing these uniforms and the camouflage used by the Germans.
  10. If memory serves, Westinghouse Mircarta Division supplied all the resin impregnated duck cloth for liner manufacture during the 1950s. A separate division of Westinghouse, Mine Safety Appliance and CAPAC were the three manufacturers that actually pressed liners during this time. Westinghouse and MSA, in addition to their respective mold in marks, chose to include a little white dated cotton tag with the Micarta Westinghouse logo to acknowledge Micarta's supply of the duck cloth while CAPAC chose instead to add the Westinghouse logo to their mold in mark along with the date the mold was made at the bottom of the CAPAC cross. Yours appears to be dated to 1953.
  11. Let me guess.....your liner was made by Firestone. The webbing kits in many of these last production run (which will have mold in marks for Firestone or Firestone over Inland) were made too small for the liners. The excess tension in the webbing cause the metal eyelets installed in the webbing to shear the brass rivets behind the A washers at the rear attachment of the cradle.
  12. Can a leather chin strap from a helmet liner, that is already brittle and dry be restored? The short answer to this question is no, there is nothing that can be done to preserve and soften dry rotted leather. Unfortunately, once leather has reached the beginning stages of dry rot there is nothing that can be done to reverse it. There are a multitude of products made for leather treatment and they work for their intended purpose on boots and saddles and the like when the leather is in good shape and used regularly. These same products will not revitalize dry stiff leather and generally quicken the deterioration that has begun from the dry rot. Should I dip it in oil? - Petroleum products will provide a short period of softness and flexibility prior to quickening the deterioration of the leather. It will dramatically darken the leather to an unnatural look and will interact with the color components of the leather making , for lack of a better term, a leather soup which will transfer onto your hands and to other objects the leather has prolonged contact with. Hence the staining of the liner referred to by aef1917. Hope this helps.
  13. RichRaider, Very nice helmet!! Unlike the Army in Europe, who chose to deal with the reality/myth of blast force on a clasped helmet causing head or neck injury by securing the strap behind the helmet, the USMC often wore the chinstrap loosely clasped under the chin during landings. After the issue of the T-1, it is not uncommon to see M1 helmets of early, mid or late war manufacture fitted with the quick release system in the pacific. Unfortunately, all the component parts of this helmet are typical to WWII on through early 1950s issue so dating it specifically to WWII is not possible although it very well could be. As to the liner, it is not a rework. I have seen and have in my collection several examples of partial and fully webbed liners that used the wider herringbone twill used in the manufacture of bandoliers. This is not common and was most likely an exception made by the Quartermaster when webbing was needed and there was a shortage of materials or a delay in manufacture. You have a very nice and correct example of a helmet as it could have been issued to the USMC during WWII.
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