US Navy hat bands with ship names?
Posted 03 September 2010 - 03:56 PM
Posted 03 September 2010 - 03:58 PM
Posted 03 September 2010 - 04:06 PM
Posted 03 September 2010 - 04:40 PM
The reason for dropping the ships name from the tallies is popularly said to be due to the war, and the need to keep ship movements a secret. I personally don't buy it. How do you hide the BB in the harbor!? :think: I suspect it was done to reduce costs. The flat hat was done away with in about 1967 (?) due to "lack of correct materials." That too was most likely about cost. IMHO
Posted 04 September 2010 - 06:32 AM
Pre 1933 regulation style
1933 regulation style
Posted 04 September 2010 - 09:12 AM
OK, there were of course variations. Some Captains purchased cap ribbons for their crews (out of their own pocket) as they were not regulation, therefore nor prescribable. These were to be worn for Mustering. This is a formal formation. The Captain of USS Constellation, while in Naples Italy in 8164, had cap ribbons for his crew hand embroidered in gold thread for his crew (would love to find one of those). They were generally gold or yellow paint on black silk (I have seen two done in silver paint). I have seen one Confederate Navy cap ribbon that was on yellow silk, with black painted name preceeded by red stars.
In 1866, named cap ribbons became regulation, and the prefix "USS" was added. These again were reserved for the "Inspection/Liberty hat". with working hats remaining bare. Long hanging tails were rare, as the bow is on the side. Some appear that were one or two inches in length, but most remained short.
About 1883, cap ribbons with gold machine embroidered names began to be used. This is basically due to the technology to make them becoming available. These were some ribbons that were still hand painted, but this is most likely due to regulation ribbons not being available. I have seen one documented WW 1 ribbon that was hand painted, and it was done very well, not actually being noticable unless close up.
Cap ribbons are sewn to the hat. The bow is a seperate item attached to the hat. From 1886 to 1940, flat hats were issued with the bow attached and the ribbon was a seperate issue. They were trimmed to fit and stitched down. Many older hats have ornate stitching attaching the ribbon and it is not uncommon to find multiple ribbons one on top of the other on some hats.
In 1940, the Navy decided to drop the named cap ribbons and go with a basic "US Navy" ribbon. The "Official" reason was security. Again, it is pretty hard to discise an Air Craft Carrier in port. Much like Sailore aboard ship needing cammoflage clothing. A letter in the navy Department lays it out plainly that several reasons led to the dropping of the names. Sailors were just not bothering to change them. by the time WW 2 came around, the white hat had taken over as the most worn hat, and the flat hat was more and more reserved for formal ocassions, which got fewer and fewer as teh Navy geared up for war. Also, just the simple logistics of producing an ever increasing number of named ribbons for all the new consrtuction, shipping them to where they were needed, and then dealing with stockes of ribbons for ships that were (would be) lost. For economic and logistical reasons, it just made sense to go with one standard ribbon. I'm sure there was an intentino to go back and revive them after the war, buty that just never happened. Again, by 1945, the flat hat had fallen into a place of being reserved for formal wear. While the Navy dropped the hat in '63 due to "Lack of materials", the Coast Guard continued to wear it until 1975.
Hope that helps.
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