The British Mark I helmet
Posted 25 August 2009 - 11:54 AM
In 1915, John Brodie patented his design for a helmet for British forces, leading to the common nomenclature of Brodie helmets. The Brodie Type A and Type B were produced for a very short period of time in 1915, and the chances of finding a US-used example are vanishingly small. The Type A served as the basis of what is referred to as the War Office Pattern helmet, examples of which occasionally found their way into US service. The Type A, Type B and War Office Pattern fall under the catchall description of "rimless Brodies".
By far the most common British helmets used by the AEF are the Mark I, officially known as the "Helmet, Steel, Mark I". The main difference between these and the War Office Pattern is the crimped steel rim around the edge of the helmet. Manufacture of the Mark I began in 1916 and continued through the end of the war.
Posted 25 August 2009 - 12:01 PM
The next pattern (usually referred to as the first pattern) is found in both the War Office Pattern (rimless Brodie) and the Mark I (rimmed Brodie). It consists of a asbestos-backed pad made of wool felt (usually kind of a khaki color) which was riveted to the top of the helmet, and then the standard oilcloth and net liner. On the inside of the oilcloth portion, there is typically a red patent inkstamp, which reads:
Brodie’s Steel Helmet
Registered No. 651.999
War Office Pattern
Patent no. 11803/15
The last pattern (AKA second pattern) is the same as the above, except that there is a rubber ring between the asbestos and the felt pad. The ring was intended to increase the separation between the wearer's head and the shell.
I have several examples of British-manufactured helmets that have been relined with US-manufactured liners. The felt pad in these is usually a dark gray, and the oilcloth lacks the Brodies patent stamp. They are usually maker-marked somewhere inside the liner in blue, purple or black ink.
Posted 25 August 2009 - 12:02 PM
Edited by aef1917, 25 August 2009 - 12:09 PM.
Posted 25 August 2009 - 12:08 PM
Posted 25 August 2009 - 12:18 PM
British helmets have a shallow-domed rivet with a split tail to attach the loops to the shell. The m1917 has a much more rounded rivet without a split tail. The actual loops are of a finer-gauge wire than on the m1917 as well.
Edited by aef1917, 25 August 2009 - 12:21 PM.
Posted 25 August 2009 - 12:20 PM
Edited by aef1917, 25 August 2009 - 12:31 PM.
Posted 25 August 2009 - 12:21 PM
Posted 25 August 2009 - 12:26 PM
Posted 25 August 2009 - 12:34 PM
Posted 25 August 2009 - 12:38 PM
Posted 25 August 2009 - 12:41 PM
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