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Pineapple Army - DUI of the Interwar Hawaiian Division 1922-1941


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#1 Salvage Sailor

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Posted 01 December 2018 - 06:01 PM

Aloha Everyone,

 

For many years I've been collecting groups, ephemera and items pertaining to the Interwar Hawaiian Division 1922-1941.  This topic illustrates the Distinctive Unit Insignia, crests and SSI patches of the Hawaiian Division and Hawaiian Department from their formation in 1922 until their disbandment on October 1st, 1941.  There were some Cavalry, Infantry and Engineer units in the Hawaiian Department prior to the formation of the Division (1908-1920), but they were reassigned to the US mainland and the Philippines after World War I (except the 3rd Engineers who were continuously building the posts and fortifications on Oahu). 

 

The primary assets used to form the Hawaiian Division, the 21st & 22nd Infantry Brigades and the 11th Artillery Brigade, came from the WWI era 11th "Liberty" Infantry Division, thus the many '11th' numbered units on their Order of Battle.  The Hawaiian Division was the only 'Full' division in the US Army during the interwar years.  It was organized as a square division with two infantry brigades each having two infantry regiments and supporting engineer, artillery, armor, aviation, chemical, medical, quartermaster & ordnance units.  There was also a large coast artillery harbor defense and AA presence on the islands organized under the Hawaiian (Separate) Coast Artillery Brigade.

 

All photos and items I am displaying are from my Pineapple Army archive (you may have seen some of them 'borrowed' on the web, but the originals are in my collection)

 

Here's an overview of the Hawaiian Division organization from 1921 up to October 1941 (it's not complete and any oversights or mistakes are mine, so feel free to add corrections)

 

Hawaiian Department HQ (Fort Shafter) - Hawaiian Division Units (Schofield Barracks)

 
Hawaiian (Taro) Division HQ - Special Troops
HQ and MP Company Hawaiian Division
11th Ordnance Company HD - Disbanded 1 OCT 1941 (became 325th QM)*

11th Motorcycle Company HD

11th Signal Company HD

11th Tank Company HD

 
21st Infantry Brigade - Disbanded 1 OCT 1941 - Infantry Regiments to 24th "Taro" Infantry Division in 1941
19th Infantry Regiment - "Rock of Chicamauga"
21st Infantry Regiment - "Gimlets"
 
22nd Infantry Brigade - Disbanded 1 OCT 1941 - Infantry Regiments to 25th "Tropic Lightning" Division in 1941
27th Infantry Regiment - "Wolfhounds"
35th Infantry Regiment - "Cacti"
 
3rd Engineer Regiment HD - "Beavers" *
 
11th Field Artillery Brigade - Disbanded 1 OCT 1941, redesignated HHB 24th Infantry Division Artillery 26 AUG 1941*
8th Field Artillery Regiment - to 25th Infantry Division in 1941
11th Field Artillery Regiment - to 24th Infantry Division in 1941
13th Field Artillery Regiment - to 24th Infantry Division in 1941
11th Ammunition Train HD
 
11th Quartermaster Regiment HD  – Disbanded 1 OCT 41 (Split - became 324th & 325th QM)*
Hawaiian Division QM Train
61st Ordnance Company (AM) - Hawaiian Ordnance Depot, T.H.

62nd Ordnance Company (MM) - Hawaiian Ordnance Depot, T.H.

63rd Ordnance Company (MM) - Hawaiian Ordnance Depot, T.H.

74th Ordnance Company (Depot) June 1, 1913–June 30, 1939 Aliamanu Crater (Fort Shafter) - Hawaiian Ordnance Depot, T.H.
 
11th Medical Regiment HD - Disbanded 1 OCT 1941 (Split - became 24th & 25th MED)*
 
1st Chemical Battalion HD - Redesignated 91st Chemical Company 12 MAR 1942
 
 
Hawaiian Division Air Corps - Hawaiian Divisional Air Service Flying Field, redesignated Wheeler Field on 3 July 1922
 
4th Observation Squadron (Divisional Air Service 1922-1927 Wheeler Field)
Photo Section No. 11 (1922)
Branch Intelligence Section No. 11 - redesignated Air Intelligence Office No. 11 (1922)
 
18th Pursuit Group, USAS (1927 Wheeler Field)
6th Pursuit Squadron
19th Pursuit Squadron
26th Attack Squadron (attached 1930 - redesignated 26th Bomb Squadron medium 1938)
 
75th Service Squadron (1930 Wheeler Field, Air Service - redesignated Base HQ & 18th Air Base Squadron 1938)
 

11th Photographic Section HD (attached 1934, Demobilised 25 MAR 1938)

 

674th Ordnance Company HD - (Avn. Pursuit) Wheeler Field, T.H.

 

Historical reference Wheeler Field Chronology

 

 

Coast Artillery Units stationed in Hawaii (Oahu) prior to December 7th, 1941
 
Hawaiian (Separate ) Coast Artillery Brigade - Redesignated Hawaiian Coast Artillery Command on 01 AUG 1941, disbanded 16 MAR 1942
15th Coast Artillery Regiment – Fort Kamehameha Harbor Defense Type A
16th Coast Artillery Regiment – Fort Derussy (Honolulu) Harbor Defense Type A
41st Coast Artillery Regiment – Railway – Harbor Defense
55th Coast Artillery Regiment – Mobile 155mm AA
64th Coast Artillery Regiment – Fort Shafter – AA
97th Coast Artillery Regiment – Fort Kamehameha – AA (Formed from assets of 64th CAC and other HD Coast Artillery units in 1941)
98th Coast Artillery Regiment – Schofield Barracks – AA (Formed from assets of 64th CAC in 1941)
251st Coast Artillery Regiment – Fort Shafter – AA (Camp Malakole 1940-1941)
 
*Note:  In 1941 the Hawaiian Division’s support units composed primarily of the 3rd Engineer Regiment, the 11th Quartermaster Regiment and the 11th Medical Regiment were reorganized and redesignated as separate battalions and assigned to the two new 24th & 25th infantry divisions.
 
Photos below:  64th CAC Battery A Unit Roster & 64th Coast Artillery Battery A Redleg wearing the Hawaiian Department SSI

Attached Images

  • Hawaiian Division 002.jpg
  • Battery D 64th Coast Artillery AA 001.jpg

Edited by Salvage Sailor, 06 October 2019 - 11:27 AM.
added info


#2 Salvage Sailor

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Posted 01 December 2018 - 06:04 PM

Hawaiian Department Headquarters, Fort Shafter, T.H.

 

Photo:  64th CAC Signalers at Fort Shafter 1924

Attached Images

  • Hawaiian Department 001.jpg
  • Hawaiian Department 002.jpg
  • 64th  Artillery CAC training at Ft Shafter 1925 05.jpg

Edited by Salvage Sailor, 03 December 2018 - 12:17 PM.


#3 Salvage Sailor

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Posted 01 December 2018 - 06:06 PM

Hawaiian Department - Fort Shafter, T.H.

 

Felt removable SSI circa 1920's

Attached Images

  • Hawaiian Department 003.jpg
  • Hawaiian Department 004.jpg

Edited by Salvage Sailor, 03 December 2018 - 12:13 PM.


#4 Salvage Sailor

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Posted 01 December 2018 - 06:12 PM

Hawaiian 'Taro' Division SSI

 

Photo:  Hawaiian Division Infantry Sergeant, 1920's

Attached Images

  • Hawaiian Division HQ 001.jpg
  • Hawaiian Division Sergeant 1920's.jpg

Edited by Salvage Sailor, 03 December 2018 - 12:13 PM.


#5 Salvage Sailor

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Posted 01 December 2018 - 06:13 PM

Hawaiian 'Taro' Division No-So SSI

 

From member kiaiokalewa on another USMF topic

 

".....soldiers up at Schofield started wearing the the Hawaiian Division patches as early as 1923. Capt. Charles Welsh, 11th Sig. Co., Hawaiian Division, up at Schofield Barracks had patented his "Quick Removable Devices for Insignia" in 1924 but had applied for the patent in 1923. This is those metal back patches that you find on the Hawaiian Department, Hawaiian Division, Hawaiian National Guard and the Hawaiian Separate Coast Artillery Brigade (HSCAB) SSI's. The Hawaiian Department SSI was indorsed by the WD on November 2, 1921 however the Hawaiian Division fell under its command along with Hawaiian Coast Artillery District later redesignated HSCAB. Both did have their own insignia but for about 15 years HSCAB did use the insignia of the Hawaiian Department....." *

 

*Note:  As illustrated in the photo of the 64th Coast Artillery redleg wearing the Hawaiian Department SSI in the first post of this topic and the 64th CAC signalers in the second post.

 

NO-SO Patches  (good info and photos)  http://www.angelfire.../intronoso.html

Attached Images

  • Hawaiian Division HQ 002.jpg
  • Hawaiian Division HQ 003.jpg

Edited by Salvage Sailor, 16 December 2018 - 07:15 PM.
typo


#6 Salvage Sailor

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Posted 01 December 2018 - 06:35 PM

The Infantry Brigades

Attached Images

  • Infantry Brigades 001.jpg
  • 037.jpg
  • 087.jpg
  • 086.jpg

Edited by Salvage Sailor, 03 December 2018 - 11:55 AM.


#7 Salvage Sailor

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Posted 01 December 2018 - 06:39 PM

21st Infantry Brigade - Hawaiian Division

 

ASMIC 21L 21ST INFANTRY BDE (A)

On a white oblong with rounded corners an eradicated dark green cedar tree interlaced with a gold bugle in front of a horizontal gold band bearing the motto " KIAI MAU" (Always on Guard) in black letters (30x21mm) N.S. Meyer, Inc.  Authorized 9 September 1937, samples approved 14 March 1938, rescinded 29 July 1975

 

This is the hard to find 21st Infantry Brigade DI (N.S. Meyer Screwback) which consisted of the 21st Infantry 'Gimlets' and the 19th Infantry 'Rock of Chickamauga' Regiments.  The Hawaiian Division & the 21st Infantry Brigade was disbanded on October 1st, 1941 when both of these regiments were reorganized under the new triangular 24th Infantry Division.  Initially it also had 299th Infantry Regiment from the Hawaii National Guard but they were replaced by the 34th Infantry Regiment.  The 299th was broken up to form the cadre of the 100th Niisei Battalion and the independent 442 RCT

Attached Images

  • 21st Infantry Brigade SB NSM 01 lg.jpg
  • 21st Infantry Brigade SB NSM 04 lg.jpg
  • 21st Infantry Brigade 001.jpg

Edited by Salvage Sailor, 03 December 2018 - 12:19 PM.
added Asmic info


#8 Salvage Sailor

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Posted 01 December 2018 - 06:40 PM

22nd Infantry Brigade - Hawaiian Division

 

ASMIC 22G 22ND INFANTRY BRIGADE (A)

A pointed oval , long axis horizontal, divided per bend black and white ;  on a black gold wolf's head and on the white a dark green giant cactus; overa-all a gold scroll inscribed "KUDO-MAKAALA" (Fearless - Take Arms) in black letters.  (20x34mm) N.S. Meyer, Inc.  Authorized 30 July 1937, samples approved May 1938 rescinded 19 Aug 1975

 

This is the hard to find 22nd Infantry Brigade DI (N.S. Meyer Screwback) which consisted of the 27th Infantry 'Wolfhounds' and the 35th Infantry 'Cacti' Regiments.  The Hawaiian Division & the 22nd Infantry Brigade was disbanded on October 1st, 1941 when both of these regiments were reorganized under the new triangular 25th Infantry Division.  Initially it also had 298th Infantry Regiment from the Hawaii National Guard but they were replaced by the 161st Infantry Regiment.  The 298th was broken up to form the cadre of the 100th Niisei Battalion and the independent 442 RCT

Attached Images

  • 22nd Infantry Brigade SB NSM 03.jpg
  • 22nd Infantry Brigade SB NSM 04.jpg

Edited by Salvage Sailor, 03 December 2018 - 12:20 PM.
added Asmic info


#9 Salvage Sailor

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Posted 01 December 2018 - 06:42 PM

22nd Infantry Brigade and its regiments - 27th Infantry 'Wolfhounds' and the 35th Infantry 'Cacti' Regiments. 

Attached Images

  • 22nd Infantry Brigade 003.jpg

Edited by Salvage Sailor, 03 December 2018 - 11:57 AM.
added info


#10 Salvage Sailor

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Posted 01 December 2018 - 06:53 PM

Hawaiian Division Headquarters and Special Troops (Including those pesky MP's)  All N.S. Meyer, Screwback and Pinback

Attached Images

  • HD Special Troops 001.jpg
  • HD Special Troops 002.jpg
  • HD Special Troops 003.jpg

Edited by Salvage Sailor, 03 December 2018 - 12:20 PM.


#11 patches

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Posted 01 December 2018 - 06:59 PM

Great stuff.



#12 KASTAUFFER

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Posted 01 December 2018 - 07:01 PM

Thanks for pulling this together! I know it took a long time to find those examples.

 

Kurt



#13 Salvage Sailor

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Posted 01 December 2018 - 07:08 PM

Thanks fellas, much more to come later

 

11th Quartermaster Regiment

 

Description: A gold color metal and enamel device 1 inch (2.54 cm) in height overall consisting of a gold taro leaf bearing a blue wheel with thirteen spokes charged on the blue rim with thirteen gold mullets (stars) and centered on the wheel is the winged helmet of Mercury, in purple.
 
Symbolism: The taro leaf is representative of the Hawaiian Islands and symbolizes the original service of the unit. It is combined with the winged helmet of the old Transportation Corps and the wheel of the Supply Service.
 
Background: The distinctive unit insignia was originally approved for the Hawaiian Division Train on 24 March 1924. It was reassigned for the 11th Quartermaster Regiment effective 1 April 1936. It was redesignated for the 11th Quartermaster Battalion on 7 March 1942. It was rescinded on 4 September 1958. The insignia was reinstated and redesignated for the 24th Supply and Transport Battalion on 1 April 1963. It was redesignated for the 24th Support Battalion with the description and symbolism revised on 28 July 1987.

 

 

Hawaiian Division (11th) Quartermaster Regiment, also known as Motor Transports - N.S. Meyer screwback

Attached Images

  • Quartermaster Motor Transports 001.jpg
  • Quartermaster Motor Transports 002.jpg
  • Quartermaster Motor Transports 003.jpg
  • QMC Motor Transport 003.jpg

Edited by Salvage Sailor, 03 December 2018 - 12:11 PM.
added info


#14 Salvage Sailor

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Posted 01 December 2018 - 07:12 PM

Hawaiian Division Quartermaster Corps, Fort Shafter, T.H. 1930

Attached Images

  • Quartermaster Corps Group Photo Ft Shafter 1930 01.jpg


#15 P-40Warhawk

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Posted 01 December 2018 - 07:23 PM

This is great! I have been looking for a pin back set of the 3rd engineer insignia to restore a uniform. Do you have a photo of the collar disks they used? I know a 3/Engineer BOS disk exists as a gilt waffleback 1920s type, but I am not sure they would not have worn a US/3 and Engineer BOS disk instead.



#16 Salvage Sailor

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Posted 01 December 2018 - 11:59 PM

3rd Engineer Regiment - Hawaiian Division

 

ASMIC 3A1 3RD ENGR REGT

RA-HAW DIV

On a tr red shield the Roman numeral III within an indented border, both white.  The crest is a tr brown couchant beaver at the foot of an op light green palm branch, both on a white & red wreath.  (32x19) S/P; AHD, NSM, URS

Auth. 9Feb24, Appr 9Feb24, Redes 11Mar42-3rd Engr Bn

Note:  -Op v. tr brown beaver (32x19) PB: NSM (A/a)

 

3rd Engineer Regiment, The Beavers, assigned to Hawaii in 1921 they designed and built most of the permanent forts and military installations on Oahu.

 

All N.S. Meyer, screwback and pinback

Attached Images

  • 3rd Engineers 001.jpg
  • 3rd Engineers 002.jpg
  • 3rd Engineers 003.jpg

Edited by Salvage Sailor, 03 December 2018 - 12:21 PM.


#17 Salvage Sailor

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Posted 02 December 2018 - 12:12 AM

Headquarters and Service Company, 3rd Engineer Regiment, Hawaiian Division T.H. 1929 all wearing HD SSI and DUI along with their Engineer collar discs

 

The soldiers with the wreath on their hats are the Regimental Band - they are also wearing the 3rd Engineers DUI too.

Attached Images

  • HD 3rd Engineers 600 dpi 001 g.jpg
  • HD 3rd Engineers 600 dpi 002d1.jpg
  • HD 3rd Engineers 600 dpi 002 k.jpg

Edited by Salvage Sailor, 02 December 2018 - 12:16 AM.


#18 Salvage Sailor

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Posted 02 December 2018 - 12:16 AM

3rd Engineers Regimental Band, 1929 Wearing the Musicians' Wreath

Attached Images

  • HD 3rd Engineers 600 dpi 001 a.jpg

Edited by Salvage Sailor, 02 December 2018 - 12:18 AM.


#19 Salvage Sailor

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Posted 02 December 2018 - 10:37 AM

1st Chemical Battalion - Lanakila O Pele

 

1st Chemical Battalion (A) 
ASMIC: 1B 
- On dark blue shield a black volcano issuing transparent red flames all within a gold nebule border, a pierced dark blue scroll with motto: LANAKILA O PELE (Pele triumphs) in gold. 
- Authorized 29 July 1932. Samples approved 2 September 1932, rescinded 15 October 1976.
 
Notes: 
- Fastener(s): Screwback, pinback. 
- Hallmark(s): N.S. Meyer Inc. 
- Dimensions: (29x30mm)

Attached Images

  • 1st Chemical Battalion 001.jpg

Edited by Salvage Sailor, 03 December 2018 - 12:22 PM.
added Asmic info


#20 Salvage Sailor

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Posted 02 December 2018 - 10:39 AM

1st Chemical Battalion - Lanakila O Pele

 

N.S. Meyer screwback and pinback

Attached Images

  • 1st Chemical Battalion 002.jpg
  • 1st Chemical Battalion 003.jpg


#21 P-40Warhawk

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Posted 02 December 2018 - 10:40 AM

Thanks for the photos the 3rd engineers! It looks like they are wearing US/3 and a plain Engineer BOS disk. So that answers my question I think; do you have any photos of them wearing the M1926 coat? This one had pin back insignia on it; thankfully someone only took the metal insignia off. Now to find pinback DUI's.



#22 Salvage Sailor

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Posted 02 December 2018 - 11:52 AM

3rd Engineers Company F December 1931, Schofield Barracks, T.H.

Attached Images

  • 3rd Engineers Company F December 1931 001a.jpg
  • 3rd Engineers Company F December 1931 002a.jpg


#23 Salvage Sailor

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Posted 02 December 2018 - 11:53 AM

3rd Engineers Company F December 1931, Schofield Barracks, T.H.

Attached Images

  • 3rd Engineers Company F December 1931 Detail 001.jpg
  • 3rd Engineers Company F December 1931 Detail 002.jpg


#24 Salvage Sailor

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Posted 02 December 2018 - 12:24 PM

Hawaiian Division Headquarters and Special Troops (Including those pesky MP's)  All N.S. Meyer, Screwback and Pinback

 

Hawaiian Division Headquarters Staff, 1936, Photo taken by 11th Photographic Section, Air Corps, Wheeler Field (Hawaiian Division)

Attached Images

  • Hawaiian Division Staff 2-7-36 Schofield Barracks 001b.jpg
  • Hawaiian Division Staff 2-7-36 Schofield Barracks detail 003.jpg


#25 Salvage Sailor

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Posted 02 December 2018 - 12:26 PM

Hawaiian Division Headquarters Staff, 1936, Photo taken by 11th Photographic Section, Air Corps, Wheeler Field (Hawaiian Division)

 

Enlisted honor guard wearing the HD HQ DUI

Attached Images

  • Hawaiian Division Staff 2-7-36 Schofield Barracks detail 001.jpg
  • Hawaiian Division Staff 2-7-36 Schofield Barracks detail 002.jpg
  • HD Special Troops 001.jpg
  • Hawaiian Division Staff 2-7-36 Schofield Barracks detail 004.jpg

Edited by Salvage Sailor, 02 December 2018 - 12:29 PM.



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