On December 29th, 1890 the last major conflict of the Indian Wars took place at Wounded Knee Creek on the Pine Ridge Reservation in South Dakota. A large group of Sioux were gathering at Wounded Knee to take part in the Ghost Dance. The U.S. Army was sent in to disarm the natives when a shot was fired. The ensuing fight resulted in at least 150 men, women, and children of the Lakota Sioux killed and 51 wounded (4 men, 47 women and children, some of whom died later); some estimates placed the number of dead at 300. Twenty-five troopers also died, and 39 were wounded (6 of the wounded would later die). (Sidenote: this thumbnail description does not do justice to the complexities of the events leading up to the fight.)
In 1903, a monument was constructed by Joseph Horn Cloud on the Pine Ridge Reservation overlooking the battlefield. Last summer, while in South Dakota, we visited the site. These photos show the cemetery where the monument stands and a look at the battlefield.
The battlefield as seen from the cemetery:
The cemetery where the monument stands