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80th Infantry Division / 80th Airborne Division


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#1 ADMIN

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Posted 02 November 2006 - 11:15 PM

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NAME:
Without "Airborne" Tab: Eightieth Infantry Division / 80th Division
With "Airborne" Tab: Eightieth Airborne Division / 80th Airborne

NICKNAME:
"Blue Ridge Division"

BATTLE HONORS:

World War I [Infantry]
First Battle of the Somme (1918)
Meuse-Argonne

World War II [Infantry]
Northern France
Rhineland
Ardennes-Alsace
Central Europe

ACTIVATED:
Sept 1917 [Infantry]
July 15, 1942 [Infantry]
1946 [Airborne]
1952 [Infantry]

DEACTIVATED:
May 1919 [Infantry]
1952 [Airborne]

PATCH HISTORY:
The division insignia is a white bordered escutcheon of gold emblazoned with three azure blue mountain peaks. It symbolizes the three "Blue Ridge" states, Pennsylvania, Virginia and West Virginia, from which the majority of the 80th's World War I personnel were drawn.

From: http://www.army.mil/...ob/80ID-ETO.htm


HISTORY:

World War I

Activated: September 1917

Overseas: June 1918

Major Operations: First Battle of the Somme (1918), Meuse-Argonne.

Casualties: Total-6,029. (KIA-880; WIA-5,149).

Commanders: Brig. Gen. Herman Hall (27 August 1917), Maj. Gen. Adelbert Cronkhite (9 September 1917), Brig. Gen. L. M. Brett (26 November 1917), Brig. Gen. W. P. Richardson (28 December 1917), Brig. Gen. C. S. Farnsworth (7 January 1918), Brig. Gen. L. M. Brett (14 January 1918), Maj. Gen. Adelbert Cronkhite (1 March 1918), Maj. Gen. S. D. Sturgis (22 November 1918).

Inactivated: May 1919.

Combat Chronicle
Organized August 27, 1917 at Camp Lee, Va. The majority of the officers were from New Jersey, Maryland, and Virginia, and the enlisted men from Western Pennsylvania, Virginia and West Virginia. The division began leaving Camp Lee on May 17, 1918, and was embarked at Newport News for France. Its principal points of entry werre St. Nazaire, Bordeaux, and Brest. The assembly point of the division was Calais, from which place it departed early in June for the Samer training area, with the British. The artillery was not trained in this area but rejoined the division in September 13th. The last units of the division arrived in France June 19, 1918.

Division left Samer training area on July 4th, for Third British Army sector, where it arrived July 5th. All units trained with the British in the Artois sector; while in this sector the troops were attached to the British and were on active duty. On August 18th the units of the division proceeded by rail to the fourteenth training area. On Sept. 1st it moved to the Stainville and late to Tronville area as reserve during the St. Mihiel operation. During this time one infantry regiment and one machine gun battalion were serving with the French, taking part in active operations. Commencing Sept. 14th, the division moved into the Argonne and began its preparations for the offensive in that region. On September 26th, in conjunction with other American divisions, it attacked at Bethincourt, advancing a distance of nine kilometers in two days. On Sept. 29th it was relieved and assembled in the vicinity of Cuisy, where on Oct. 4th it again attacked, and over difficult ground attained a distance of four kilometers in nine days. On Oct. 12th the division was again relieved and proceeded by march and bus to the Thiaucourt area where it was re-equipped. On Oct 23rd to 24th it moved to the Le Neufour area where it remained until Oct. 29th, making preparations for the resumption of the Meuse-Argonne offensive. The division, on Oct. 29th, entered the line St. Georges-St. Juvin and on Nov. 1st made an attack on that line, penetrating in the next five days a distance of twenty-four kilometers, being relieved the morning of November 6th. Upon relief it proceeded by marching to the Buzancy and Champ Mahaut areas. On the 18th of Nov. The division proceeded by march to the fifteenth training area, completing the march Dec. 1st.

The 155th F.A. Brigade after its relief from duty with the 80th Division, remained in the Cunel sector, servinv successively with American divisions in that sector. It was in action for forty-eight consecutive fighting days. It proceeded by rail from Dun-sur-Meuse to the 15th training aarea, arriving Dec. 4th to 7th.

Battle deaths, 1,141; wounded 5,622; prisoners 101. Distinguished Service Crosses awarded 42.

Maj. Gen. Adelbert Cronkhite, U.S. Army, commanded the division from Sept. 9, 1917.

The following units composed the division: 159th and 160th Inf. Brigs., 317th, 318th, 319th, 320th Inf. Regts., 314th, 315th M.G. Bns., 155th Art. Brig., 313th, 314th, 315th Arty. Regts. 305th Trench Mortar Battery, 313 Div. Machine Gun Bn., 305th Engr. Regt and Train, 305th Fld Sig. Bn., 305th Train Hqs., and M.P., 305th Supply Train, 305th Amm. Train, 305th Sanitary Train (317th, 318th, 319th, 320th Amb. Cos. And Field Hospitals.)


World War II

Activated: 15 July 1942

Overseas: 1 July 1944

Campaigns: Northern France, Rhineland, Ardennes-Alsace, Central Europe

Days of combat: 239

Distinguished Unit Citations: 6

Awards: MH-4; DSC-34; DSM-1; SS-771; LM-12; DFC-5; SM-35; BSM-3,869, AM-123.

Commanders: Maj. Gen. Joseph D. Patch (July 1942-March 1943), Maj. Gen. Horace L. McBride (March 1943-October 1945), Maj. Gen. Walter F. Lauer (October 1945-December 1945).

Returned to U. S.: 3 January 1946.

Inactivated: 5 January 1946.

Combat Chronicle
The 80th Infantry Division landed on Utah Beach, 3 August 1944, assembled near St. Jores by 7 August, and on 8 August was ordered to stop the German attack at Avranches. Arriving too late to take part in smashing the German drive, it turned east to seize Evron and Ste. Suzanne, 10 August. The Division then attacked Argentan, taking it, 20 August, and creating the Falaise Pocket. After mopping up in the area, the 80th took part in the Third Army dash across France, cutting through St. Mihiel, Chalons, and Commercy in pursuit of the retreating Germans until stopped by the lack of gasoline and other supplies at the Seille River.

From 25 September to 7 November, the Division maintained an aggressive defense of positions west of the Seille, and prepared for the Third Army sweep into the industrially vital Saar Basin. The attack jumped off on 8 November, the 80th advancing through Delme Ridge, Faulquemont, and St. Avold to within 5 miles of Saarbrücken, when it was relieved by the 6th Armored Division, 7 December 1944.

After 10 days' rest, the Division returned to combat, moving southeast to take part in an attack on the Siegfried Line at Zweibrucken when the Germans launched their winter offensive in the Ardennes. The 80th was moved northward to Luxembourg and was hurled against the German salient, fighting at Luxembourg and Bastogne, driving the enemy across the Sure to Dahl and Goesdorf, 7 January 1945, and across the Clerf and Wiltz Rivers by 23 January. On 7 February 1945, the Division stormed across the Our and Sauer Rivers at Wallendorf, broke through the Siegfried Line, pursued the fleeing enemy to Kaiserlautern, 20 March, and crossed the Rhine, 27-28 March, near Mainz.

Pursuit continued in April, the Division driving rapidly to Erfurt on the 12th, and Weimar, Jena, and Gera on the 14th. Relieved, 21 April, it moved to Nürnberg for occupation duty and on 28 April, to Regensburg, then to the Enns River, when the war in Europe ended.

Assignments in the ETO
1 August 1944: XII Corps, Third Army, 12th Army Group.
7 August 1944: XX Corps.
8 August 1944: XV Corps.
10 August 1941: XX Corps.
17 August 1944: Third Army, 12th Army Group, but attached to the V Corps, First Army, 12th Army Group.
28 August 1944: Third Army, 12th Army Group.
26 August 1944: XII Corps.
19 December 1944: III Corps.
26 December 1944: XII Corps.
10 March 1945: XX Corps.


1946 to 1952

80th Airborne Division
In January of 1946, the division returned to the United States was placed on inactive status. In July of that same year, the division was reorganized as the 80th Aiborne Division within the Army Reserve and served under that title until 10 May 1952.


1952 to Present

It was then reorganized once more as the 80th Infantry Division, but remained a reserve formation. On 1 March 1959, the division was completely reorganized once more and was designated simply 80th Division (Institutional Training).

In 1988 and again in 1990 the Division carried out its then-wartime mobilization mission with 10-week exercises named "Old Dominion Forward," conducted at Fort Bragg, North Carolina. With its drill sergeants rotating on 17-day cycles, the 80th set up a Mobilization Army Training Center (MATC) and trained nearly 700 new soldiers.

Also during this period, two 80th Division units were called to active duty in support of Operation Desert Shield/Storm. The 424th Transportation Company of Galax, Virginia, was activated November 17, 1990. After training and equipping at Fort Eustis, Virginia, it deployed to Saudi Arabia January 5, 1991. For its service in the war the 424th was awarded a Meritorious Unit Commendation. It was cited for operating "... under adverse conditions in a combat zone, logging over 850,000 accident- free road miles, in the countries of Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and Iraq." By the end of the war, elements of the 424th had advanced as far as the Euphrates River in support of coalition assault units. The 424th returned to the United States on June 29-30, 1991, and to home station July 3rd. Soldiers of the 3rd Battalion, 318th Regiment, 4th Brigade, at Fort Story, Virginia, were activated January 23, 1991, and reported to Fort Eustis to train recalled reservists. Because of the short duration of the ground war in Iraq and Kuwait, additional Individual Ready Reserve troops were not called up and the 3rd Battalion was released from active duty and returned to home station March 17.

The Division moved into a new training mode in 1992 with a Training Base Expansion (TBE) at Fort Benning, Georgia. The following year it was replaced with Professional Roundout Training (PROTRAIN) missions at Fort Jackson, South Carolina, where reservists worked side-by-side with the Active Army drill sergeants in training new soldiers.

As an Institutional Training Division, the 80th took command and control of 10 Army Reserve Forces Schools in October 1995. In September 1996 the Division reorganized into seven brigades. Four are chartered to give formal classroom and "hands on" training in Combat Support, Combat Services Support, Professional Development and Medical Services and one each will train Initial Entry soldiers and Initial Entry Military Police soldiers. One brigade will furnish Training Support to all the others.

Upon mobilization, the 80th Division will proceed to Fort McClellan, Alabama, and support expansion of the U.S. Army Training Center by conducting Basic Combat Training (BCT) and One Station Unit Training (OSUT) in Military Occupational Specialties (MOS) 54B (Chemical Operations Specialist) and MOS 95B (Military Police), using Mobilization Program of Instructions. The 80th will continue to provide specified instructor personnel from its school brigades, as directed, to any Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC) installation to support MOS-specific training requirements.

Today the 80th Division (Institutional Training) is made up of over 3,000 reservists assigned to 40 units in Delaware, Virginia, West Virginia, Pennsylvania and Maryland. Its annual economic impact is about $25 million. In addition to the salaries of full-time civilian and military personnel, this figure also includes drill and annual training pay to reservists, money spent locally for the purchase of supplies, services, maintenance support, equipment, facility construction and renovation, and the G.I. Bill college tuition payments to reservists attending school.


Divisional history from:
http://en.wikipedia....fantry_Division
http://www.globalsec...cy/army/80d.htm
http://www.ushmm.org...duleId=10006169


#2 craig_pickrall

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Posted 03 November 2006 - 09:13 AM

Institute of Heraldry drawing

80_ID_1A.jpg

Insignia variations

80_ID_1B.jpg
80_ID_2.jpg

#3 craig_pickrall

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Posted 03 November 2006 - 09:14 AM

80_ID_3.jpg
80_ID_4.jpg
80_ID_5.jpg

#4 craig_pickrall

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Posted 03 November 2006 - 09:15 AM

80_ID_6.jpg
80_ID_7.jpg
80_ID_8.jpg

#5 craig_pickrall

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Posted 03 November 2006 - 09:16 AM

80_ID_9.jpg
80_ID_10.jpg
80_ID_11.jpg
80_ID_12.jpg

#6 Jim Baker

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Posted 04 January 2007 - 07:03 PM

80th ID, white back, light blue mountains.

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#7 Jim Baker

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Posted 04 January 2007 - 07:03 PM

80th ID, white back, dark blue mountains.

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#8 GLM *Deceased*

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Posted 15 January 2007 - 10:09 PM

WWI 80TH ID (LARGE - 3-1/4" TOP TO BOTTOM)

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  • 80ID_01_rev.jpg


#9 GLM *Deceased*

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Posted 15 January 2007 - 10:11 PM

WWII 80TH ID VARIATIONS:

DARK MOUNTAINS (GREEN BACK)
DARK MOUNTAINS (SMALL WHITE BACK)

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  • 80ID_02_fr.jpg
  • 80ID_02_rev.jpg


#10 GLM *Deceased*

GLM *Deceased*

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Posted 15 January 2007 - 10:14 PM

WWII 80TH ID VARIATIONS:

DARK BLUE MOUNTAINS (WHITE BACK)
MEDIUM BLUE MOUNTAINS (WHITE BACK)
LIGHT BLUE MOUNTAINS (WHITE BACK)

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  • 80ID_03_fr.jpg
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#11 VolunteerArmoury

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Posted 23 May 2007 - 11:22 AM

I'll post us some of my ACU insignia. The 80th Division will be re-organized later this year. The drill sgt units such as mine 1/320th will be transfered to the 95th Division and the 80th Division will become the 80th TASS Command.

#12 Proud Kraut

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Posted 24 February 2008 - 07:37 AM

Two post WW II German made variants.
Left: Machine embroidered
Right: Hand embroidered on cord.

Lars

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#13 Got da Penny

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Posted 27 February 2008 - 06:31 PM

This patch was found in my Grandfathers uniform pocket after he gave it to me.
This still has the PX price sticker on it ... a whole .15 cents .!!

Carey


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#14 vzemke

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Posted 16 May 2016 - 01:14 PM

These are for you Steve!  ;)

 

German made and British made

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Edited by vzemke, 16 May 2016 - 01:15 PM.


#15 vzemke

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Posted 16 May 2016 - 01:15 PM

Interwar (top)

 

WWI (bottom)

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