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37th Infantry Division


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#1 ADMIN

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Posted 02 November 2006 - 03:27 PM

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NAME:
Thirty-Seventh Infantry Division / 37th Division

NICKNAME:
"Buckeye"

BATTLE HONORS:

World War I
Meuse-Argonne
Ypres-Lys

World War II
Northern Solomons
Luzon

ACTIVATED:
Aug 1917
Oct 15, 1940

DEACTIVATED:
1919
Dec 18, 1945


HISTORY:

World War I

Activated: August 1917 (National Guard Division from Ohio)

Overseas: June 1918

Major operations: Meuse-Argonne, Ypres-Lys

Casualties: Total - 5,387 (KIA-794; WIA-4,593)

Commanders: Brig. Gen. William R. Smith (26 August 1917), Maj. Gen. C. G. Trent (3 September 1917), Brig. Gen. William R. Smith (18 September 1917), Maj. Gen. C. G. Trent (5 December 1917), Brig. Gen. Joseph A. Gaston (25 April 1918), Maj. Gen. C. S. Farnsworth (8 May 1918), Brig Gen. William M. Fassett (5 December 1918), Maj. Gen. C. S. Farnsworth (10 Dec. 1918)


World War II

Activated: 15 October 1940 (National Guard Division from Ohio)

Overseas: 26 May 1942

Campaigns: Northern Solomons, Luzon

Distinguished Unit Citations: 9

Awards: MH-7 ; DSC-116 ; DSM-4 ; SS-1,008 ; LM-71; SM-101 ; BSM-6,807 ; AM-84

Commanders: Maj. Gen. Robert S. Beightler commanded the Division during its entire period of Federal service in World War II.

Returned to U.S.: November 1945

Inactivated: 18 December 1945 (See National Guard)

Combat Chronicle

The 37th Infantry Division arrived in the Fiji Islands in June 1942 to fortify the islands against possible invasion. The division continued its training on the islands. With the end of ground fighting on Guadalcanal, the division moved to that island in April 1943, continued training, and staged for the Munda campaign. Two battalions joined the Marines on New Georgia, 5 July 1943, while the remainder of the division landed, 22 July, and assisted the 43d Infantry Division in taking Munda airfield in heavy fighting. After mopping up on New Georgia, the division returned to Guadalcanal, 9 September 1943, for rest and rehabilitation.

The division's next assignment was Bougainville. Relieving Marine units, 8-19 November 1943, the 37th took over the perimeter defense of the area, constructed roads and bridges and engaged in extensive patrol activity. In March 1944, two Japanese divisions made eight major attacks, but division lines held. In April patrols cleared the Laruma Valley area of major enemy units. The division remained on Bougainville and trained for the Luzon campaign. Landing with the Sixth Army on the beaches of Lingayen Gulf, 9 January 1945, the 37th raced inland against slight resistance to Clark Field and Fort Stotsenburg where fierce resistance delayed capture of those objectives until 31 January. The division continued to drive to Manila against small delaying forces, and entered the city's outskirts, 4 February. Upon crossing the Pasig River, it ran into bitter Japanese opposition, and it took heavy street fighting to clear the city by 3 March 1945.

After garrison duty in Manila, 5-26 March, the division shifted to the hills of Northwest Luzon, where heavy fighting culminated in the capture of Baguio, 26 April. Rest and rehabilitation during May were followed by action in June in the Cagayan Valley against deteriorating Japanese resistance. With the end of hostilities, 15 August, the division was concerned with the collection and processing of prisoners of war, leaving November 1945 for the States and demobilization.

Divisional history from:
http://en.wikipedia....fantry_Division


#2 craig_pickrall

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Posted 24 November 2006 - 12:15 PM

Institute of Heraldry drawing

37_INF_DIV_1.jpg

Insignia variations

37_INF_DIV_2.jpg
37_INF_DIV_3.jpg

#3 craig_pickrall

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Posted 24 November 2006 - 12:17 PM

37_INF_DIV_4.jpg
37_INF_DIV_5.jpg
37_INF_DIV_6.jpg

#4 craig_pickrall

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Posted 24 November 2006 - 12:17 PM

37_INF_DIV_7.jpg

#5 Jim Baker

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Posted 04 January 2007 - 06:13 PM

37th ID, white back.

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#6 Jim Baker

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Posted 04 January 2007 - 06:14 PM

37th ID, white back, ODB.

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  • 37th_Infantry_ODB___13_.JPG


#7 GLM *Deceased*

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Posted 07 March 2007 - 11:28 PM

PRE WORLD WAR II VARIATIONS:

Wool sew-together
Machine embroidered on wool

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  • 37ID_02_fr.jpg
  • 37ID_02_rev.jpg


#8 GLM *Deceased*

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Posted 07 March 2007 - 11:30 PM

EARLY WORLD WAR II VARIATIONS:

Embroidered on OD wool
Embroidered on khaki base material

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  • 37ID_01_fr.jpg
  • 37ID_01_rev.jpg


#9 GLM *Deceased*

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Posted 07 March 2007 - 11:33 PM

WWII VARIATIONS:

Fully embroidered Buff Border "Buff Back"
Fully embroidered OD Border" "green back"

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  • 37ID_03_fr.jpg
  • 37ID_03_rev.jpg


#10 GLM *Deceased*

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Posted 07 March 2007 - 11:35 PM

WWII VARIATIONS:

Fully embroidered Light OD Border "white back"
Fully embroidered Dark OD Border "white back"

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  • 37ID_04_fr.jpg
  • 37ID_04_rev.jpg


#11 GLM *Deceased*

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Posted 07 March 2007 - 11:38 PM

WWII VARIATIONS:

Fully embroidered "White Border" (Large Border) "white back"
Fully embroidered "White Border" (Smaller Border) "white back"

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  • 37ID_05_fr.jpg
  • 37ID_05_rev.jpg


#12 siege1863

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Posted 08 March 2007 - 06:14 AM

Here is a member of the 148th Infantry Regiment of the 37th Infantry Division taken in 1941 when he was stationed at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. The "Buckeye" patch and the DI of the 148th are clearly seen.


148thInf.jpeg

#13 37thguy

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Posted 25 October 2008 - 07:01 PM

Here's one that's a bit different.

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  • Nice_37th_Div_patch_.jpg


#14 37thguy

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Posted 26 October 2008 - 04:17 PM

Here's a few more. These are the 3 newest worn by the 37th Infantry Combat Brigade. These three came straight from Iraq where they are currently deployed.

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  • 3_new.JPG


#15 37thguy

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Posted 26 October 2008 - 04:20 PM

Some more from my collection. These two came from a Captain in the 147th Infantry. They appear to be made at the same time in the same style. Interesting that the one appears to be SUBDUED?

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  • Berning_camo.JPG


#16 37thguy

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Posted 26 October 2008 - 04:22 PM

Still more.

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  • chainstitch.JPG


#17 37thguy

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Posted 26 October 2008 - 04:24 PM

This has been called the Easter Egg

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#18 37thguy

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Posted 26 October 2008 - 04:25 PM

Back of above.

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#19 37thguy

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Posted 26 October 2008 - 04:26 PM

Worn by Major General Gilson D Light, 37th Division 1938.

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  • Light_2.JPG


#20 37thguy

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Posted 26 October 2008 - 04:27 PM

Another of General GD Lights. This one is very unusual.

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  • Light_4.JPG


#21 37thguy

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Posted 26 October 2008 - 04:30 PM

1st Army, 5th Corps, 37th Division.

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#22 37thguy

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Posted 26 October 2008 - 04:31 PM

Liberty Loan

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#23 37thguy

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Posted 26 October 2008 - 04:33 PM

Liberty Loan variation. Some call this an Aero Squadron patch, but according to a salesmans sample catalog this IS 37th Division

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  • Liberty_2.JPG


#24 37thguy

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Posted 26 October 2008 - 04:34 PM

Fairly common 37th Division patch. I've heard this one called an Overcoat patch. Probably due to its size.

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  • 37th_big.JPG


#25 37thguy

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Posted 26 October 2008 - 04:36 PM

This one is red wool on white leather. On a tunic from a chaplain with the 147th Infantry.

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  • MacLane.JPG



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