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34th Infantry Division


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#1 ADMIN

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Posted 02 November 2006 - 03:24 PM

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NAME:
Thirty-Fourth Infantry Division / 34th Division

NICKNAME:
"Red Bull"

BATTLE HONORS:

World War II
Tunisia
Cassino
Naples-Foggia
Rome-Arno
North Apennines
Po Valley

ACTIVATED:
Feb 10, 1941
1946
Feb 10, 1991


DEACTIVATED:
Feb 18, 1919
Nov 3, 1945
1963


HISTORY:

World War I

The RED BULL insignia of the 34th Infantry Division was based on a design by Marvin Cone of Cedar Rapids, IA who drew it for a contest while training with the Division at Camp Cody in 1917. A steer skull imposed on the shape of a Mexican water jar (called an "olla") recalled the Division's desert home not far from the Mexican border. During WW II, German soldiers in Italy referred to the American soldiers who wore the familiar patch as "Red Devils" or "Red Bulls". The latter name stuck, and the Division soon adopted it officially, replacing its WWI name of the "Sandstorm Division".

The 34th Infantry Division was created from National Guard troops from Minnesota, Iowa, the Dakotas and Nebraska in the late summer of 1917. It arrived in France in October of 1918 but was too late to see action in World War I as the war ended the following month.


World War II

The 34th Infantry Division was activated during World War (WW) II on February 10, 1941. After completing several small-scale maneuvers, the division, by then under the command of Maj. Gen. Russell P. Hartle, participated in the Louisiana Maneuvers, which involved the Second and Third U.S. Armies. The Division made a good showing at the Louisiana Maneuvers. With the Japanese bombing of Pearl Harbor December 7, 1941 and declaration of war, the division was spread through the South, guarding sensitive installations. But January 1, 1942 found them enroute to Fort Dix, N.J. for subsequent shipment overseas. As the first U.S. Division to be shipped overseas, Pvt. Henke of Hutchinson, Minnesota was credited as being the 1st American soldier to step off the boat in support of the war effort.

The Division participated in six major Army campaigns in North Africa, Sicily, and Italy. The Division is credited with amassing 517 days of continuous front line combat, more than any other division in the European theater. One or more 34th Division units were engaged in actual combat with the enemy 611 days. The division was credited with more combat days than any other division in the theater. The 34th Division suffered 3,737 killed in action, 14,165 wounded in action, and 3,460 missing in action, for a total of 21, 362 battle casualties. Casualties of the division are considered to be the highest of any division in the theater when daily per capita fighting strengths are considered. There is little doubt the division took the most enemy-defended hills of any division in the European Theater. The division's men were awarded 10 Medals of Honor, 98 Distinguished Service Crosses, one Distinguished Service Medal, 1,052 Silver Stars, 116 Legion of Merit medals, one Distinguished Flying Cross, 1,713 Bronze Stars, 51 Soldier Medals, 34 Air Medals, with duplicate awards of 52 oak leaf clusters, and 15,000 purple hearts.

The U.S. Rangers trace their lineage through the 34th Infantry Division. Volunteers from the 34th Division provided 80 percent of the men for a newly formed 1st Ranger Battalion and many of them participated with the British Commandos in the famous raid on Dieppe, France. During WW II, the 1st Ranger Battalion was formed under the command of one of the Division's officers, CPT William Darby. Eighty Percent of the 1st Ranger Battalion's volunteers were drawn from the 34th, and they soon became famous as "Darby's Rangers".

Activated: 10 February 1941 (National Guard Division from North Dakota, South Dakota, Iowa, Minnesota).

Overseas: May 1942

Days of combat: 517

Distinguished Unit Citations: 3

Awards:
Medals of Honor: 10
Dinstinguished Service Crosses: 98
Distinguished Service Medals: 1
Silver Stars: 1,153
Bronze Stars: 2,545.
Legion Of Merit: 116
Soldier's Medal: 54
Purple Hearts: 15,000

Casualties:
Killed in Action: 3,737
Wounded in action: 14,165
Missing in action: 3,460
Total Battle Casualties: 21,362

Commanders:
Maj. Gen. Ellard A. Walsh (February-August 1941)
Maj. Gen. Russell P. Hartle (August 1941-May 1942)
Maj. Gen. Charles W. Ryder (May 1942-July 1944)
Maj. Gen. Charles L. Bolte (July 1944 to inactivation)..
Returned to U. S.: 3 November 1945.
Inactivated: 3 November 1945.

Combat Chronicle
The first contingent embarked at Brooklyn on 14 January 1942 and sailed from New York the next day. The initial group of 4,508 stepped ashore at 12:15 hrs on 26 January 1942 at Dufferin Quay, Belfast commanded by Major-General Russell P. Hartle. They were met by a delegation including the Governor General (Duke of Abercorn), the Prime Minister of Northern Ireland (John Millar Andrews), the Commander of British Troops in Ulster (General G. E. W. Franklyn), and the Secretary of State for Air (Sir Archibald Sinclair).

After continuing its training in Northern Ireland, the 34th Infantry Division saw its first combat in the North African invasion, 8 November 1942, landing at Algiers and seizing the port and outlying airfields. Elements of the Division took part in numerous subsequent engagements in Tunisia during the Allied build-up, notably at Sened Station, Paid Pass, Sbeitla, and Fondouk Gap. In April 1943 the Division assaulted Hill 609, capturing it on 1 May 1943, and then drove through Chouigui Pass to Tebourba and Ferryville.

The Division then trained for the Salerno landing. The 151st FA Bn. went in on D-day, 9 September 1943, at Salerno, while the rest of the Division followed on 25 September. Contacting the enemy at the Calore River, 28 September 1943, the 34th drove north to take Benevento, crossed the winding Volturno three times in October and November, assaulted Mount Patano and took one of its four peaks before being relieved, 9 December 1943. In January 1944, the Division drove into the Gustav Line, took Mount Trocchio after a bitter fight, pushed across the Rapido River into the hills behind and attacked Monastery Hill which dominated the town of Cassino. While they nearly captured the objective, in the end their attacks on the monastery and the town failed. The performance of 34 Division in the mountains is considered to rank as one of the finest feats of arms carried out by any soldiers during the war. In return they sustained losses of about 80% in the Infantry battalions. They were relieved from their positions 11-13 February 1944. Eventually, it took the combined force of five allied infantry divisions to finish what the 34th nearly accomplished on its own.

After rest and rehabilitation, it landed in the Anzio beachhead, 25 March 1944, maintaining defensive positions until the offensive of 23 May, when it broke out of the beachhead, took Cisterna, and raced to Civitavecchia and Rome. After a short rest, the Division drove across the Cecina River to liberate Livorno, 19 July 1944, and continued on to take Mount Belmonte in October. Digging in south of Bologna for the winter, the 34th jumped off, 15 April 1945, and captured Bologna on 21 April. Pursuit of the routed enemy was halted, 2 May, with the German surrender in Italy.

The Division participated in six major Army campaigns in North Africa and Italy. The Division is credited with amassing 517 days of continuous front line combat, more than any other U.S. division. One or more 34th Division units were engaged in actual combat with the enemy on 611 days. The division was credited with more combat days than any other division in the war. The 34th Division suffered 3,737 killed in action, 14,165 wounded in action, and 3,460 missing in action, for a total of 21,362 battle casualties. Casualties of the division are considered to be the highest of any division in the theater when daily per capita fighting strengths are considered. There is little doubt the division took the most enemy-defended hills of any division in the European Theater. The division's men were awarded 10 Medals of Honor, 98 Distinguished Service Crosses, one Distinguished Service Medal, 1,153 Silver Stars, 116 Legion of Merit medals, one Distinguished Flying Cross, 2,545 Bronze Stars, 54 Soldier Medals, 34 Air Medals, with duplicate awards of 52 oak leaf clusters, and 15,000 purple hearts.


Post War

The 34th Infantry Division was inactivated on 3 November 1945. The Division was reformed within the Iowa and Nebraska Army National Guards in 1946-7, but it disbanded again in 1963, being replaced in part by the 67th Infantry Brigade. It also retained its Division HQ as a Command HQ to supervise training of combat and support units in the former division area for some years. The 47th Infantry Division (which had never seen combat) was active at St Paul, Minn., by 1963, as the National Guard combat division covering the former 34th's area.

The division was reactivated as a National Guard division (renaming the 47th Division) for Minnesota and Iowa on 10 February 1991 upon the fiftieth anniversary of its federal activation for World War II. At that point the Division transitioned into a Medium Division, with a required strength of 18,062 soldiers. The Division's force structure was spread across seven states (Minnesota, Iowa, Wisconsin, North Dakota, Illinois, Colorado, and Michigan).

The Division was one of the first National Guard divisions to transform its component units to the new combat brigade structure. In 2005, it was ranked 1st out of 8 National Guard divisions with regard to readiness indicators.

Currently, the 34th Infantry "Red Bull" Division is ranked No. 1 of the Eight National Guard Divisions The majority of the Division's 11,000 soldiers are located across two states -- Minnesota and Iowa. The Minnesota Army National Guard provides the Division Headquarters, located in Rosemount, a southern suburb of the Twin Cities. The 34th Infantry Division is the first National Guard Division to transform the Division Headquarters and to also transform the Brigade structure into Brigade Combat Teams.

Today, the division has undergone much change due to transformation. The entire division is projected to have transformed by Training Year 2010.

The 34th Infantry Division has encountered tremendous challenges within the last few years. The Division has mobilized and deployed approximately 11,000 soldiers to fight in the Global War on Terrorism.

In March 2006, the first brigade of the 34th Infantry Division commenced combat operations in central and southern Iraq as part of Operation Iraqi Freedom, returning the Red Bull patch to combat after 61 years.

Recent Campaigns
34th Infantry Division personnel have been activated for the following recent operations:

Operation Joint Forge - Bosnia
Operation Joint Guardian - Kosovo
Operation Vigilant Hammer - Europe, the Mediterranean Theater of Operations, Egypt
Joint Task Force Bravo - Honduras
Operation Enduring Freedom - Afghanistan
Operation Iraqi Freedom - Iraq
Operation Noble Eagle - US Homeland Defense

Current Composition
The current status of the Division is not clear, but from official websites, includes:

Division Headquarters
1st Brigade Combat Team (Heavy)
2nd Brigade Combat Team
1st Squadron, 113th Cavalry
34th Aviation Expeditionary Brigade
2nd Battalion, 147th Aviation (Assault)
834th Aviation Support Battalion
Elements of 2nd Battalion, 211th Aviation (Ground Support)
34th Sustainment Brigade (ex Division Support Command?)
147 Personnel Services Battalion
434th Brigade Troops Battalion
434th Chemical Company
34th and 257th Military Police Companies
34th Infantry Division Band
other formations and units, including 1st Battalion, 125th Artillery,
it appears that once the reorganisation has finished in 2010 the 32nd Infantry Brigade (Wisconsin Army National Guard) and the 116th Cavalry Brigade will join the Division

Future Composition
Division Headquarters
1st Brigade Combat Team (Heavy) (MN NG)
2-136th Infantry Battalion (Combined Arms)
3-194th Armor Battalion (Combined Arms)
1-94th Cavalry Squadron (Armed Recon)
1-125th Field Artillery Battalion
134th Support Battalion
1-34th Special Troops Battalion
2nd Brigade Combat Team (IA NG)
1-113th Cavalry Squadron (RSTA)(IA NG)
1-133rd Infantry Battalion (IA NG)
2-135th Infantry Battalion (MN NG)
1-194th Field Artillery Battalion
334th Support Battalion
2-34th Special Troops Battalion
32nd Infantry Brigade Combat Team (WI NG)
1-105th Cavalry Squadron (RSTA)
2-127th Infantry Battalion
1-128th Infantry Battalion
1-120th Field Artillery Battalion
132nd Support Battalion
32BCT Special Troops Battalion
116th Cavalry Brigade Combat Team (Heavy) (ID NG)
2-116th Cavalry Squadron (Armed Recon) (ID NG)
1-163rd Infantry Battalion (Combined Arms)(MT NG)
3-186th Armor Battalion (Combined Arms) (OR NG)
1-148th Field Artillery Battalion (ID NG)
145th Support Battalion (ID NG)
116BCT Special Troops Battalion
34th Aviation Expeditionary Brigade(MN NG)
1-113th Aviation Battalion (S&S) (ND NG)
2-147th Aviation Battalion (Assault) (MN NG)
1-183rd Aviation Battalion (Attack) (ID NG)
1-189th Aviation Battalion (General Support) (MT NG)
834th Aviation Support Battalion (MN NG)
G Company 147th Air Traffic Services (MN NG)
34th Sustainment Brigade (ex Division Support Command?)
147 Personnel Services Battalion
434th Brigade Troops Battalion
434th Chemical Company
34th and 257th Military Police Companies
34th Infantry Division Band

Divisional history from:
http://en.wikipedia....fantry_Division
http://www.globalsec...y/army/34id.htm


#2 craig_pickrall

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Posted 18 November 2006 - 07:02 AM

Institute of Heraldry drawing

34_INF_DIV_1.jpg

Patch variations

34_INF_DIV_2.jpg
34_INF_DIV_3.jpg

#3 craig_pickrall

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Posted 18 November 2006 - 07:03 AM

34_INF_DIV_4.jpg
34_INF_DIV_5.jpg

#4 craig_pickrall

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Posted 18 November 2006 - 07:04 AM

34_INF_DIV_6.jpg
34_INF_DIV_7.jpg

#5 Jim Baker

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Posted 04 January 2007 - 06:06 PM

34th ID, white back.

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  • 34th_Infantry___11_.JPG


#6 Jim Baker

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Posted 04 January 2007 - 06:07 PM

34th ID, black back, ODB.

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  • 34th_Infantry_ODB___27_.JPG


#7 tredhed2

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Posted 23 March 2007 - 08:14 PM

Standard patch w/ Italian-made tab 34 RED BULL DIV

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  • INFDIV034_C_W_TAB.jpg


#8 AndrewA74

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Posted 13 October 2007 - 05:23 PM

Here's a Desert Subdued 34th ID, US Issue.
Andrew

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  • 34th_ID.jpg


#9 Jeeper704

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Posted 22 June 2011 - 07:54 AM

http://i75.photobucket.com/albums/i308/Praetorian4AD/34thID1.jpg

Don't know if this is allowed as it is no patch.
I made it for a Veteran some time ago.

Erwin

#10 Desertrat

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Posted 09 February 2012 - 07:47 PM

Theater made (Italian?) black back ,border more of a khki than OD


34th_ID_front.jpg


34th_ID_back.jpg

#11 vzemke

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Posted 17 August 2014 - 06:39 AM

Theater made 34th Infantry Division patch with tab.

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  • 34th Red Bulls.jpg


#12 WAHOOMAN

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Posted 06 January 2018 - 12:09 PM

The following is an example of an early version of the 34th Infantry Division (Red Bull)  patch.  This patch was also posted in an earlier thread on the Forum.  This patch belonged to Merlin L. Ridgeway.  Ridgeway was assigned to Camp Cody between 1917-1918.  Ridgeway was assigned to Battery E, 126 Field Artillery and the 67th Brigade HQ's of the 34th Division.  He was at Camp Cody at the same time Marvin Cone was at Camp Cody.  Ridgeway was from Plymouth, IA and attended Coe College.  Marvin Coe was from Cedar Rapids, IA and also attended Coe College.  I believe this patch was one of first produced at Camp Cody.   I will also post a portion of a letter written by the veteran discussing the patch.  

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • RW790.jpg
  • RW790bk.jpg


#13 WAHOOMAN

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Posted 06 January 2018 - 12:13 PM

This letter was written by Ridgeway from Le Mans, France on Fenruary 11, 1919.  This portion of the letter discusses the patch.  

 

 

 

 

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  • RW945-3F.jpg
  • RW945-4F.jpg



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