30th Infantry Division
Posted 02 November 2006 - 03:21 PM
Thirtieth Infantry Division / 30th Division
An oval monogram OH containing the Roman numeral XXX in the center all in blue on a scarlet field. The OH represents the Division's nickname, "Old Hickory" and the Roman numeral XXX, the Division's numerical designation. The "Old Hickory" Division shoulder patch was designed for 30th Division troops of WWI in honor of President Andrew Jackson, Tennessee statesman, who led troops from Tennessee and the Carolinas in the War of 1812.
World War I [Regular Army]
World War II [Regular Army]
Oct 1917 [Regular Army]
1925 [National Guard]
Sept 16, 1940 [Regular Army]
Nov 26, 1945 [National Guard]
1919 [Regular Army]
1940 [National Guard]
Nov 25, 1945 [Regular Army]
World War I
The division was formed from National Guard units from the four states named above in October 1917, at Camp Sevier, NC. After a brief training period in the US, the 30th went overseas for combined training with the British. In Aug 1918, elements took over the canal sector southwest of Ypres, Belgium, holding there until an Allied offensive opened up late that month for the entire Ypres-Lys sector. During the Somme offensive in Sept. and Oct. 1918, the division helped break the Hindenburg Line near Bellicourt and later participated in the battle of LaSelle River. The 30th's Field Artillery units fought separately, taking part in the St Mihiel and Meuse-Argonne offensives. The division took 3848 prisoners and suffered 8954 casualties.
Activated: October 1917 (National Guard Division from North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, and Tennessee).
Organization 117th, 118th, 119th, 120th Infantry Regiments
113th, 114th, 115th Artillery Battalions 113th, 114th, 115th Machine Gun Companies 105th Engineers Battalion
Major operations: Ypres-Lys, Somme offensive.
Casualties: Total-8,415. (KIA-1,237; WIA-7,178).
Commanders: Maj. Gen. J. F. Morrison (28 August 1917), Brig. Gen. William S. Scott (19 September 1917), Maj. Gen. C. P. Townsley (14 October 1917), Brig. Gen. Samson L. Faison (1 December 1917), Maj. Gen. C. P. Townsley (6 December 1917), Brig. Gen. Samson L. Faison (17 December 1917), Brig. Gen. L. D. Tyson (22 December 1917), Brig. Gen. G. G. Gatley (28 December 1917), Brig. Gen. Samson L. Faison (1 January 1918), Brig. Gen. L. D. Tyson (30 March 1918), Brig. Gen. Samson L. Faison (7 April 1918), Maj. Gen. G. W. Read (3 May 1918), Brig. Gen. R. H. Noble (12 June 1918), Maj. Gen. G. W. Read (14 June 1918), Maj. Gen. Samson L. Faison (15 June 1918), Maj. Gen. F. H. Lewis (18 July 1918), Brig. Gen. Samson L. Faison (23 December 1918).
Post-World War I to the 1930s
Following World War I, the 30th Division was briefly inactivated due to Army cutbacks. However, in 1921, the Army realized the amount of valuable soldiering skill that was being lost by removing these World War I veterans from military service. The Army therefore set the 30th Division to be an organized reserve formation.
Then, in 1925, the 30th division was again reorganized into the 30th National Guard Division, which consisted of units from North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, and Georgia.
The 30th Division changed very little from 1925 through the 1930s. But, in 1940 with war seeming imminent, the North Carolina National Guard (including the 30th Division) was mobilized for training in preparation for World War II.
World War II
Activated: 16 September 1940.
Overseas: 11 February 1944.
Campaigns: Normandy, Northern France, Rhineland, Ardennes-Alsace, Central Europe
Days of combat: 282.
Distinguished Unit Citations: 8.
Awards: MH-6 ; DSC-50 ; DSM-1 ; SS-1,773 ; LM-12; DFC-3 ; SM-30 ; BSM-6,616 ; AM-154.
Commanders: Maj. Gen. Henry D. Russell (16 September 1940-April 1942), Maj. Gen. William H. Simpson (May-July 1942), Maj. Gen. Leland S. Hobbs (9 September 1942-September 1945), Maj. Gen. Albert C. Cowper (September 1945 to inactivation.)
Returned to U.S.: 19 August 1945.
Inactivated: 25 November 1945. (See National Guard.)
117th, 118th(detached Aug. 1942), 119th and 120th Infantry Regiments
113th, 119th, 197th and 230th Field Artillery Battalions
105th Engineer Combat Battalion
The 30th Infantry Division arrived in England, 22 February 1944, and trained until June. It landed at Omaha Beach, Normandy, 11 June 1944, secured the Vire-et-Taute Canal, crossed the Vire River, 7 July, and, beginning on 25 July spearheaded the St. Lo break-through. The day after the Division relieved the 1st Infantry Division near Mortain on 6 August, the German drive to Avranches began. Fighting in place with all available personnel, the 30th frustrated enemy plans and broke the enemy spearhead (Operation Luttich) in a week of violent struggle, 7 to 12 August. The Division drove east through Belgium, crossing the Meuse River at Vise and Liege, 10 September. Elements entered the Netherlands on the 12th, and Maastricht fell the next day. Taking up positions along the Wurm River, the 30th launched its attack on the Siegfried Line, 2 October 1944, and succeeded in contacting the 1st Division, 16 October, and encircling Aachen.
After a rest period, the Division eliminated an enemy salient northeast of Aachen, 16 November, pushed to the Inde River at Altdorf, 28 November, then moved to rest areas. On 17 December the Division rushed south to the Malmedy-Stavelot area to help block the powerful enemy drive in the Battle of the Ardennes. It launched a counteroffensive on 13 January 1945 and reached a point 2 miles south of St. Vith, 26 January, before leaving the Battle of the Bulge and moving to an assembly area near Lierneux, 27 January, and to another near Aachen to prepare for the Roer offensive. The Roer River was crossed, 23 February 1945, near Julich.
The 30th moved back for training and rehabilitation, 6 March, and on 24 March made its assault crossing of the Rhine. It pursued the enemy across Germany, mopping up enemy pockets of resistance, took Hamelin, 7 April, Braunschweig on the 12th, and helped reduce Magdeburg on the 17th. The Russians were contacted at Grunewald on the Elbe River. After a short occupation period, the 30th began moving for home, arriving 19 August 1945.
Assignments in the ETO
18 February 1944: XIX Corps, First Army.
15 July 1944: VII Corps.
28 July 1944: XIX Corps.
1 August 1944: XIX Corps, First Army, 12th Army Group.
4 August 1944: V Corps.
5 August 1944: VII Corps.
13 August 1944: XIX Corps.
26 August 1944: XV Corps, Third Army, 12th Army Group, but attached to First Army.
29 August 1944: XIX Corps, First Army, 12th Army Group.
22 October 1944: Ninth Army, 12th Army Group.
17 December 1944: Ninth Army, 12th Army Group, but attached to V Corps, First Army, 12th Army Group.
21 December 1944: XVIII (Abn) Corps, and attached, with the First Army, to the British 21st Army Group.
18 January 1945: XVIII (Abn) Corps, First Army, 12th Army Group.
3 February 1945: XIX Corps, Ninth Army, 12th Army Group.
6 March 1945: XVI Corps.
30 March 1945: XIX Corps.
8 May 1945: XIII Corps.
Post-World War II to Korean War
Not long after the 30th Infantry Division was deactivated, it was reactivated as the 30th Division of the National Guard. In 1950, a total of 11 North Carolina army guard units are mobilized because of the Korean Conflict.
Approximately four years later, in 1954, the 30th division became exclusively formed from North Carolina units. Even today, it is considered the 30th Division of the North Carolina National Guard.
The 1960s to Present
In 1973, the 30th infantry division (mechanized) is deactivated and the 30th infantry brigade (Mechanized) (separate) is organized. In 1983 - 2/252 armor battalion becomes the first national guard unit in the country to receive the M-1 Abrams main battle tank. In 1987 the 1-130th aviation becomes the first Reserve component unit to receive AH-64 Apache helicopters. In 1990 North Carolina army and air national guard troops are mobilized for operation Desert Shield.
In 1991 North Carolina Army and Air National Guard troops participate in Operation Desert Storm. Hundreds of ANG personnel from the 145th Airlift wing were deployed to Germany and other locations. Twelve ARNG units consisting of 2,300 soldiers deployed to Saudi Arabia, Fort Bragg and Germany.
In 1995 the 30th infantry brigade (mechanized) (Separate) was selected for conversion into an enhanced brigade. North carolina army and air national guard troops are mobilized for service in Bosnia, Hungary, and Germany.
In 1996 the 514th military police and individuals from the 449th aviation group are deployed to germany in support of operation joint Endeavor. Each deployment lasted approximately 270 days. The largest call-up to state Active duty (5,600) for relief operations for Hurricane Fran.
In 1997 the 111th, 112th, and 113th finance detachments deployed to Germany in support of Operation Joint Endeavor. The 514th MP Company returns from Germany. The 139 RTOC and 1454 Trans Co deployed to Operation Joint Guard. In 1998 the 1-130th AVN and Co E 130th AVN deployed 122 Guardsmen to Operation Southern Watch and returned in 1999.
FY99 was a year of challenges for the North Carolina Army National Guard. North Carolina led the nation in recruiting and launched an initiative to increase Hispanic representation. With the support of the state legislature and Governor Jim Hunt, the amount of tuition assistance provided to our members increased significantly.
North Carolina deployed an attack aviation task force to Kuwait in support of Operation Southern Watch, completing the first National Guard combat aviation rotation during an ongoing Army operation. The 30th Engineer Brigade participated in construction projects and exercises in Korea, Italy, Panama, the Marshall Islands, Moldova, Germany and Alaska. The 30th Heavy Separate Enhanced Brigade became part of the Army's 24th Integrated Division. Units from 60th Troops Command participated in State Partnership for Peace exercises in Moldova.
During FY99, Hurricane Dennis response and relief involved 750 Guard members in state active duty over a 12-day period. Hurricane Floyd then hit the state as a category four hurricane dumping over 20 inches of rain in eastern North Carolina. Massive flooding made Hurricane Floyd the worst natural disaster to hit the state in recorded history. Over 55,000 mandays of state active duty supported tens of thousands of North Carolina citizens.
Divisional history from:
Posted 10 January 2007 - 12:27 PM
EARLY WAR EMBROIDERED ON WOOL (UNCUT)
EARLY WAR EMBROIDERED ON WOOL (CUT)
Edited by GLM, 10 January 2007 - 12:36 PM.
Posted 10 January 2007 - 12:28 PM
Posted 10 January 2007 - 12:30 PM
Posted 10 January 2007 - 12:32 PM
Posted 10 January 2007 - 12:33 PM
Posted 23 March 2007 - 08:37 PM
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