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17th Infantry Division / 17th Airborne Division


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#1 ADMIN

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Posted 02 November 2006 - 02:43 PM

Posted Image

NAME:
Red, White, & Blue "X" Patch: Seventieth Infantry Division / 17th Division
Claw Patch with "Airborne" Tab: Seventieth Airborne Division / 17th Airborne

NICKNAME: [Airborne]
"The Golden Talon"

BATTLE HONORS: [Airborne]

World War II
Battle of the Bulge
Operation Varsity
Rhine

ACTIVATED:
April 15, 1943 [Airborne]
1943 [Infantry]

DEACTIVATED:
1944 [Infantry]
Sept 16, 1945 [Airborne]


HISTORY:

World War II

13th Infantry Division

This division was a ghost division during World War II.


13th Airborne Division

The 17th "Thunder from Heaven" Airborne Division was activated at Camp Mackall on April 15, 1943 under the command of General William M Miley. (pictured left) The core units of the newly formed division were the 513th Parachute Infantry Regiment (PIR), the 193rd and 194th Glider Infantry Regiments (GIR). After the Normandy invasion the 507th Parachute Infantry Regiment was permanently attached to the division which was stationed in the United Kingdom from 25 August to 23 December 1944.

Toward the end of August, 1944 the 17th Airborne Division, the 82nd Airborne Division and the 101st Airborne Division became permanent units of the U.S. XVIII Airborne Corps. When Operation Market Garden was conceived the 17th Airborne was still in training. Consequently, it was held in reserve. This was not the case during the German Ardennes Offensive.

Battle of the Bulge - The Ardennes Offensive

From 23 to 25 December, elements of the Division were flown to the Reims area in France in spectacular night flights. These elements closed in at Mourmelon. After taking over the defense of the Meuse River sector from Givet to Verdun, 25 December, the 17th moved to Neufchateau, Belgium, then marched through the snow to Morhet, relieving the 28th Infantry Division, 3 January 1945.

The Division entered the Ardennes campaign, 4 to 9 January, at the Battle of Dead Man's Ridge. It captured several small Belgian towns and entered Flamierge, 7 January, but enemy counterattacks necessitated a withdrawal. However, constant pressure and aggressive patrolling caused the enemy to retreat to the Our River. On 18 January, the Division relieved the 11th Armored Division at Houffalize, pushed enemy remnants from the Bulge, and seized Wattermal and Espeler, 26 January. Coming under the III Corps, the 17th turned toward Luxembourg, taking Eschweiler and Clervaux and clearing the enemy from the west bank of the Our River. Aggressive patrols crossed the river to probe the Siegfried Line defenses and established a limited bridgehead near Dasburg before being relieved by the 6th Armored Division, 10 February.

Operation Varsity - The Airborne Assault on the Rhine

In early February 1945, the tide of battle was such as to enable an accurate estimate as to when and where the 2nd British Army would be ready to force a crossing of the Rhine River. It was determined that the crossing would be in conjunction with an airborne operation by XVIII Airborne Corps.

The sector selected for the assault was in the vicinity of Wesel, just north of the Ruhr, for 24 March 1945. Operation Varsity would be the last full scale airborne drop of World War II and the assignment went to the 17th Airborne Division with the 507th spearheading the assault dropping at the southern edge of the Diersfordter Forest, three mile northwest of Wesel.

Finally, on the 24th March 1945, taking off from marshalling areas in France in nearly perfect weather, nearly 4000 aircraft from the British 6th Airborne Division and the 17th US Airborne Division dropped fighting men behind enemy lines, into Westphalia in the vicinity of Weselon which was east of the Rhine River. Their mission was to capture key points and so assist the advance of the ground troops. Having learned the lessons from the Arnhem battle, the gliders and paratroops landed close to their targets and achieved total success.

Operation Varsity was the first airborne invasion over the Rhine into Germany itself. On the 25th, the Division had secured bridges over the Issel River and had entrenched itself firmly along the Issel Canal. Moving eastward, it captured Haltern, 29 March, and Munster, 2 April. The 17th entered the battle of the Ruhr Pocket, relieving the 79th Infantry Division. It crossed the Rhine-Herne Canal, 6 April, and set up a secure bridgehead for the attack on Essen. The "Pittsburgh of the Ruhr" fell, 10 April, and the industrial cities of Mulheim and Duisburg were cleared in the continuing attack.

Military government duties began, 12 April, and active contact with the enemy ceased, 18 April. The Division came under the XXII Corps 24 April.

It continued its occupation duties until 15 June 1945 when it returned to France for redeployment. In September, 1945, the 17th Airborne Division returned home and was disbanded.

Divisional history from:
http://www.ww2-airbo...7_overview.html




#2 ADMIN

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Posted 06 November 2006 - 10:47 AM

Some images from Sgt. Bilko http://www.usmilitar...tyle_emoticons/default/thumbsup.gif

17th1.jpg

Insignia Variations
17th2.jpg
17th3.jpg
17th4.jpg
17th5.jpg
17th6.jpg
17th7.jpg
17th8.jpg
17th9.jpg

#3 craig_pickrall

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Posted 09 November 2006 - 08:11 PM

17th INF DIV (Ghost)

17_ID_1.jpg
17_ID_2.jpg

#4 Jim Baker

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Posted 04 January 2007 - 05:50 PM

17th AB Div.

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#5 Yankee John

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Posted 04 January 2007 - 07:11 PM

Here is my 17th AB patch. Notice that the talons have been accented with red ink.

John

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  • 17thAirborne.jpg


#6 Germanymp

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Posted 15 February 2008 - 11:00 AM

17th Airborne, German made, black border or no border, with attached Airborne tab

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#7 Germanymp

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Posted 15 February 2008 - 11:01 AM

17th Airborne German made black border or no border, with attached Airborne tab, back

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  • PIC_0749.JPG


#8 Germanymp

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Posted 15 February 2008 - 11:01 AM

17th Airborne Italian made front

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#9 Germanymp

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Posted 15 February 2008 - 11:02 AM

17th Airborne Italian made, back

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#10 Bocage

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Posted 10 August 2011 - 01:37 PM

Here's my patch + tab:
http://img27.imageshack.us/img27/1775/171kz.jpghttp://img707.imageshack.us/img707/3926/172va.jpg

#11 Desertrat

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Posted 24 February 2012 - 02:24 PM

17th.jpg 17th_back.jpg

opposing claw 2 piece

#12 17thairborne

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Posted 05 March 2012 - 02:05 PM

Sorry i missed this thread before I started posting about the various 17th SSIs. I've posted what I think are the 18 different "Types" of 17th Airborne patches here:

http://www.usmilitar...p;#entry1039696

#13 Teamski

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Posted 27 January 2013 - 09:57 AM

The Obverse of an original WWII era 17th Infantry Division patch.

-Ski

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#14 Teamski

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Posted 27 January 2013 - 09:57 AM

The reverse.....

-Ski

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#15 J_Andrews

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Posted 27 January 2013 - 12:16 PM

What about th 17th (ex-Abn) active as TRAINING DIVISION in the late 1940s?

#16 Teamski

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Posted 28 January 2013 - 01:38 PM

What about th 17th (ex-Abn) active as TRAINING DIVISION in the late 1940s?



New patches were produced for the unit. The patch itself is a very slight variant of the WWII patch.

-Ski

#17 J_Andrews

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Posted 28 January 2013 - 05:02 PM

But that period is not MENTIONED in Post #1 !!!!

#18 Teamski

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Posted 28 January 2013 - 09:36 PM

But that period is not MENTIONED in Post #1 !!!!


You are correct! It should show the division active July 1948- June 1949.

-Ski

#19 atb

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Posted 29 January 2013 - 07:58 AM

You are correct! It should show the division active July 1948- June 1949.

-Ski



My father took his training with that division at Camp Picket, VA.

#20 vzemke

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Posted 16 May 2015 - 06:00 PM

Black border example with the correct tab.  

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#21 vzemke

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Posted 16 May 2015 - 06:00 PM

US made patch with added bullion.  

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#22 vzemke

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Posted 16 May 2015 - 06:01 PM

Some attached tab variations. 

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