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USMC Museum Uniform Catalog


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#26 craig_pickrall

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Posted 24 September 2007 - 11:49 AM

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#27 craig_pickrall

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Posted 24 September 2007 - 11:49 AM

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#28 craig_pickrall

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Posted 24 September 2007 - 11:50 AM

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#29 Mike Popernack

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Posted 20 December 2007 - 12:42 PM

This is a fantastic post, thank you for sharing this invaluable information.

Mike Popernack

#30 GunnyRed

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Posted 01 April 2008 - 10:55 AM

Craig,
This document was first begun in the late 1970s/80s by Nancy King and others under the guidance of Mr Ken Smith-Christmas and his staff at the Air Ground museum at Quantico.
I see that your copy doesn't have the handwritten notes that ours does. There are/were some problems w/ it. (few actual uniform and equipment specialists worked on it, most were volunteers and young candidates awaiting orders.)
Actually, when Quantico transitioned to the NMMC, I sent a copy back to the uniform curators as the original had gotten lost, and we had one of the few hard copies that were known to exist.
I have asked if they intended to continue this project, however, they are VERY overtasked presently, and it probably wont continue unless someone goes there and does it. Too bad, because its a great document for cataloging collections. We do use the item designations here at the MCLM today.
Before anybody uses this though!!!!! ****** Keep in mind that it was done by a semi professional staff, w/ items in hand, and incomplete sets of Uniform Regs, Uniform Board Letters, and handwritten changes in outdated Uniform Regs***** Its not the definitive be all and end all of ID documentation.
(I wish that Nancy had had a chance to finish it though! She retired..hummm, must have been in the mid 90's, and Ken has since moved over to the National Museum of the Army staff.)

R/S,
Gunny Red

#31 craig_pickrall

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Posted 01 April 2008 - 12:22 PM

Gunny, thanks for that info. I too wish they could complete it.

#32 jagjetta

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Posted 07 April 2008 - 06:37 AM

MAN, what a GREAT research find. You have located the "rosetta stone" of forest green tunics. Thank you so much for sharing it on the forum.

John Adams-Graf
www.MilitaryTrader.com

#33 Jeremiah

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Posted 07 April 2008 - 06:58 AM

Good stuff Craig! Thanks for the update on this Gunny.

#34 GunnyRed

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Posted 12 April 2008 - 12:58 PM

I have retyped the original document, and a guide w/ it. NIIO means not in original order ie had written note.
Here it is. ( I THINK I got it all)
R/S,
Gunny Red

Attached Files



#35 GunnyRed

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Posted 12 April 2008 - 01:00 PM

Body of document evidently too long to post. Anybody who wants it, drop me a Off LIne e-mail and I'll send you a copy. THis has all the additions/Handwritten notes in it.
S/F,
Gunny Red

#36 GunnyRed

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Posted 13 April 2008 - 06:40 AM

(Reprint)

Marine Corps Museum

CATALOGING AND IDENTIFICATION GUIDE

FOR 20TH CENTURY UNIFORMS



Edited by Mr. Kenneth L. Smith-Christmas
Curator of Material History

Researched by members of the Marine Corps Museums Uniform Cataloging Guide Project:
Mr. William LaVelle
Mr. and Mrs. Nathaniel Elliot
Mr. George A. Keyworth, Jr.
Mr. Francis V. Storer
Mr. Matthew L. Dula
Mr. Neal Connors
Mr. Rolf Glessner
Mrs. Jane C. Williams
Mrs. Nancy F. King
Miss Jennifer Gooding
Miss Laura A. Tuenneman
Miss Sharon L. Bittner



This exact copy of document provided as a research tool by:
The Marine Corps Legacy Museum, Harrison AR.
This document may not be reproduced or published without permission of the Marine Corps Historical Division, POC: Mr. Kenneth L. Smith-Christmas
Phone- (703) 784-2606/7/8

Introduction

This cataloging guide is the product of an intern/volunteer effort at the Marine Corps Museums, which started in 1985 and is continuing. The purpose of this guide is to provide a ready reference tool to those museologists, historians, artists, and private collectors who need to catalogue or determine the period of use of Marine Corps uniforms of the 20th Century.

The process used to prepare this guide is one of research, artifact comparison, and further research. All available Marine Corps publications, such as Leatherneck, Gazette, Recruiter’s Bulletin, Headquarters Bulletin, etc. were examined for information on uniform changes and the notes recorded on worksheets in binders. Augmenting these notes were ones taken from Marine Corps Orders, Letters of Instruction, and other documents at the Marine Corps Historical Center, as well as the 1935-1955 Quartermaster’s files (record Group 127) at the National Records Center, Suitland, Maryland.

These worksheets were then used to catalog groups of artifacts at the Marine Corps Museums Branch Activities, Quantico. Several points arose to show serious contradictions in the adoption and use of various uniform items. These were re-researched and resolved. The information in this guide is sufficient to properly catalog the majority of items encountered, but it is expected that more information will be found on many of these items; consequently, this guide is released in single page increments which can be updated when necessary.

In addition to being in a loose-leaf format for updates, this arrangement gives the individual curator the option of organizing the guide to suit his particular needs. For instance, the guide can be arranged by order of dress, type of garment or even color. The table of contents serves only to alert the user to the most recent edition of each section.

To use this guide for completing Marine Corps Museum Cataloging and Inventory Control System (MCMCICS) worksheets, one must:

Use the format laid out on the second line of each section, substituting the appropriate “P” (or pattern) date from the list of characteristics below for the DESCRIPT line,
Use the “P” date as the MODLYEAR, unless there is a date in parenthesis under the “P” date, and,
Use the Period of Use (PEROFUS1 and PEROFUS2) dates at the end of each section under “characteristics”.
There are two types of uniform samples located at Bldg. 2014:
“Standard Samples” chosen by the Marine Corps Uniform Board, and,
“Museum Samples” selected by the curatorial staff.
Both are stored at Bldg. 2014 and used for research only.
The listing appended to this description catalog consists of museum samples and some standard samples.

Please contact the Curator of Material History, HQMC (HDM), if you find more information to add to this guide.



Abbreviations
(Added by MCLM Staff)

NIIO………………………………………………………….Not Indicated in
Original

UR………………………………………………………………….Uniform Regulations

HWN………………………………………………………………..Hand Written Note

HBT………………………………………………………………..Herringbone Twill

ENL……………………………………………………………… Enlisted

OFFC……………………………………………………………...Officer

AR#………………………………………………………………..Artifact Number

WM………………………………………………………………...Woman Marine

CHG #……………………………………………………………..Change Number
Table of Contents

Section__________________________________________Most Recent Edition

Coats
Enlisted Winter Service Coats 1912-present 5/1/86
Enlisted Full Dress Coats 1875-1900 5/1/86
Enlisted Full Dress Coats 1900-1912 5/1/86
Enlisted Undress & Dress Coats 1875-1946 5/16/86
Enlisted Summer Undress Coats 1900-1912 6/27/86
Utility Coats, Herringbone Twill 1941-1968 5/1/86
Utility Shirts, Herringbone Twill M1953 5/1/86
Utility Shirts & Coats, Tropical, C1968 5/12/86
Utility Shirts, Green Sateen, 1957-1980 5/12/86
Utility Coats, Camouflaged, WWII 5/12/86
Enlisted Summer Service Coat, 1900-1938 6/27/86
Enlisted Summer Service Jacket, 1947-1954 6/23/86
Undress dark Blue Coat, 1892-1912 NIIO
Officers Winter Service Coat, 1912-present 6/30/86
Officers Summer Service Coat, 1900-1977 6/30/86

Trousers
Utility Trousers, Camouflaged, WWII 5/12/86
Utility Trousers Herringbone Twill 1941-1968 5/12/86
Enlisted Winter Service Trousers, 1912-1970 5/12/86
Enlisted Dress Trousers, 1900-1986 5/12/86
Enlisted Khaki Summer Service Trousers, 1900-1976 6/23/86

Headgear
Officer’s Full Dress Blue Wool Frame Cap, 1904-1919 6/30/86
Officer’s Undress White Frame Cap, 1900-present 7/3/86
Officer’s Summer Service Khaki Frame Cap, 1911-1976 7/3/86
Officer’s Service Green Frame Cap, 1912-present 6/30/86
Officer’s Field or Campaign Hat, 1898-present NIIO
Enlisted Blue Dress Cap, 1900- NIIO

Footgear


Shirts
Enlisted Khaki Shirt, 1904-present 6/27/86
Shirt; Flannel; Green; 1952-2000 NIIO

Overcoats
Enlisted Green Wool Overcoat, 1912-present 6/23/86
Overcoat, short (HWN) 4/18/90
Canvas Leggings
Canvas Leggings, Canvas (Khaki or Green) 1906-1956 1/12/87

Insignia
Officer’s Shoulder Knots, 1859-1952 3/24/87
Enlisted Brass Shoulder Scales, 1859-1892 3/24/87
Aigulettes (Shoulder Cords,) 1875-present 3/24/87
Officer’s Epaulettes, 1833-1941 3/24/87
Enlisted Shoulder Knots, 1892-1901 3/24/87

Woman Marine Items
Winter Service Coats, WM, 1918-present NIIO
Summer Service Coats, WM, 1943-1982 NIIO
Winter Service Slacks, WM, 1945- NIIO NIIO
Winter Service Skirt, WM, 1918-present NIIO
Summer Service Skirt, WM, 1943-1982 NIIO
Enlisted Khaki Shirt, WM, 1918-1922 NIIO
Necktie, WM, 1918-present NIIO
Necktie, USMC, WM, 1943-present NIIO
Herringbone Utilities, WM, 1943-1960 NIIO
Enlisted Raincoat, WM, 1943-present NIIO



Blank Data Entry Template

Museum & Standard Samples


Blank,
Data Entry Template


Type of Garment:



Description:

Drawing/Photo)


Markings:

Characteristics:

Type of Garment: Enlisted Winter Service Coats, 1912-Present

UNIFORM COAT: USMC; Pxxxx; ENL; (rank); Winter; Green;

Description:

Forrest green wool service coat with two pleated pockets on the breast, and two bellows pockets on the skirts. High standing collar from 1912 through 1928, and a rolled lapel after that time. Dull finished brown or black enlisted buttons of bronze or plastic. Linings are a “drab green”, white cotton, or green synthetic material, depending on the date of manufacture.


DRAWING



Markings: In the left sleeve, usually purple ink prior to the 1930’s and green from then to the Korean War; After 1951, on a tag sewn in the liner pocket or back lining. Those after 1951 are not dated.

Characteristics:

P1912- Only two pleated breast pockets without lower pockets on the skirts. Standing collar without holes for insignia. Five flat buttons down front fly. 1912-1917. (UR 1912, p.68)

P1912(M)- With added shirt pockets of a slightly different shade of material. Manufacturer dates of 1912-1917. Standing collar may have crudely punched holes for collar disks. Period of use as follows: without holes in collar for insignia, 1917-1920; with holes, 1917-1928; With WWI Divisional or Brigade insignia, 1918-1919. (AR#860379-0R)

P1917- Made with all four pockets. May have crudely punched holes in collar. Period of use as follows: without holes in collar for insignia, 1817-1920; with holes, 1917-1928; with WWI Divisional or Brigade insignia, 1918-1919. (UR 1917, CHG #9, 1917, p.70) (AR #800649-0R)

P1920- Has stitched or worked eyelets in collar for the 1920 enlisted insignia. Manufacture dates between 1920-1928.
(UR 1917, CHG #20, p. 76)

TYPE OF GARMENT Enlisted Winter Service Coats, 1912-Present (Continued)

CHARACTERISTICS: (Continued)

P1920(M)- Standing collar converted to a “rolled Lapel” with material of a slightly different shade. Four flat bronze buttons down open front fly. Manufacture dates could be anywhere from 1912 through 1928. 1927-1937. (LTR Circular #16, to All Officers, from The Commandant, 14 April 1926) (AR #744142-0R)

P1927- Most common enlisted green coat encountered. The lower section of the shoulder strap is sewn down. Straight cut right front panel at opening. Four-piece back. Fully lined white cotton sleeve linings. Periods of use are as follows: without cloth insignia, (Unit Patches) 1928-1948; with WWII unit insignia, 1943-1946 (depending on the insignia); with woven black/red chevrons, 1944-1957; with circa 1986 chevrons, (No merrowed edge on red felt) 1958-1970. (LTR, circular #16, to All Officers, from The Commandant, 14 April 1926) (AR #744145-0R)

P1951- Lower section of the shoulder strap is not sewed down. Angled right front panel at opening, making a 130 degree angle. Two-piece back. Half lined with green synthetic material. Three USMC buttons down the front with a flat green plastic button at the waist to go under waist belt buckle. Those coats made before 1959 have P1909 “flat” buttons, and those made later have brown, semi-domed, high relief buttons. Periods of use are as follows: without insignia, 1951-1970; with thin woven black/red chevrons, 1956-1958; with thick woven green/red chevrons, 1956-1958; with circa 1986 type chevrons, 1958-1970. (AR#744165)


TYPE OF GARMENT Enlisted Full Dress Coat 1875-1900

UNIFORM COAT: Pxxxx; Enl; (Rank) FULL DRESS; BLUE;

Description:

Dark blue wool, mid length, full dress coat with brass domed buttons, and a small standing collar. Quilted rust colored or white cotton lining.



(Drawing)


MARKINGS: In left sleeve - QUARTERMASTER’S DEPOT
U.S. Marine Corps
1881-1882
(or)
1892-1893


Characteristics:

P1875- Double-breasted with 7 domed buttons on each side. Around collar, and in an inverted “V” on the cuffs, is a line of ½ inch wide yellow lace. Piped in red. Brass turnbuckle and strap for brass scales. 1875-1893 (UR 1875, p.5) (AR # 860769)

P1892- Single-breasted with 8 buttons to the front fly. As before, around the collar is a line of ½ inch scarlet lace. Cuffs have a three-pointed patch with three small USMC domed buttons. Piped in red. Black thread or brass straps for attachments of P1892 red worsted shoulder knot.



TYPE OF GARMENT Enlisted Full Dress Coat 1900-1912

UNIFORM COAT; USMC; P1900; Enl; (Rank) Full Dress; Blue;

Description:

Dark blue wool, tunic length, dress coat with 8 brass domed buttons and a 1 5/8 inch to 2 inch standing collar. Sewn on shoulder straps of scarlet wool. Collar and Cuff patches are scarlet.

Drawing

TYPE OF GARMENT Enlisted Undress and Dress Coats 1875-1946

UNIFORM COAT; Pxxxx; ENL; (Rank); (Undress of Dress); Blue

Description:

Indigo blue wool, crotch-length, undress coat with 7 brass buttons and a standing collar, Scarlet piping. A variety of linings, usually white cotton or black polished cotton. Those not manufactured by the U.S. Marine Corps vary considerably in details.



(Drawings)


Markings: In the left sleeve, usually in black ink before the 1930’s and green ink through the 1930’s and 1940’s:
QUARTERMASTER’S DEPOT
U.S. MARINE CORPS
1913-1914

Characteristics:

P1875 (undress) - 1 ¼ inch high rounded collar without shoulder straps. Seam down the back. Domed buttons. 1875-1894. (UR 1875, p.5)
(AR #744067-0R)

P1892 (undress) - 1/1/4 INCH HIGHROUNDED COLLAR WITH SHOULDER STRAPS. Seam down the back. Domed buttons. 1894-1902.
(UR 1892, p.20) (AR #NIIO)

P1900 (undress) - 1 ¼ inch high rounded collar with shoulder straps. No seam down back. Dome buttons. 1900-1906. (UR 1900, p.17) (AR #800554)

P1904 (undress) - 2 inch high squared collar. No piping on top of the collar. Domed buttons. 1904-1914. (UR 1904. P. 43-44) (AR #744047)

P1904(M)- Very Rare. Converted P1904 with sleeve dates of 1904-1911, with piping added to the collar. 1912-1920. (AR #860774-0R)


TYPE OF GARMENT Undress and Dress Coat 1875-1946 (Continued)

Characteristics: (Continued)

P1912(Dress)- 2 inch high squared collar without holes for insignia. Has piping on top and bottom of the collar. Flat buttons. “Full Dress” and “Undress” used for all uniforms of this type. 1912-1920.
(UR 1912, p.66) (AR #744039)

P1912(M) (Dress) - Same as P1912, but with holes crudely punched in collar to accommodate brass collar insignia. Flat buttons. 1920-1946 (with large chevrons, 1920-1924). (UR 1917, CHG #20, 1920, p. 76)
(AR #780577-0R)

P1920 (Dress) - Same as P1912 but with sleeve dates of 1920-1924 and worked eyelets in collar for insignia. Flat buttons. 1920-1946 (with large chevrons, 1920-1924). (UR 1917 CHG #20, 1920, p.76) (AR #790289-0R)

P1924 (Dress) - Basically the same coat as the P1920, but with a four-piece back (seam down back and seams down to the hem from each armpit). WWII period privately purchased coats will have any number of variations in construction, but are still considered to be P1924’s 1924-1946.
(AR #744052-0R)

HWN: 1957-1968 Gabardine ??


TYPE OF GARMENT Enlisted Summer Undress Coat 1900-1912

UNIFORM COAT; USMC; Pxxxx; ENL; (Rank); SUMMER; UNDRESS
WHITE LINEN;

Description:

Crotch-length, undress coat of white linen. With 6 buttons.


(Drawing)


Markings:

Characteristics:

P1900 - Stand up collar, vertical pocket inside left breast. 1900-1905.
(UR 1900, p.18) (AR #744211-0R)

“NOTE” - UR 1900 describes the collar of the summer Undress Coat as a “rolled collar”; however, the collar is what we would term the stand up collar.

P1904 - 6 brass buttons, straight front standing collar coat, with 2 pleated breast pockets. 2 vents in back, and shoulder straps. 1900-1912.
(UR 1904, p.44-45) (AR #744206-0R)

Markings: In collar, usually a paper tag sewn on the inside. In left sleeve-
QUARTERMASTER’S DEPOT
U.S. Marine Corps
1906-1907

P1900- The Regulations Governing the Uniform and Equipment of the Officers and Enlisted Men of the United States Marine Corps, 1900 appears to be in error, since it describes the P1892 without belt straps as the full dress coat for 1900; however, AR #744019 has a very clear date of “1900-1901” in the sleeve. This will be investigated in the future, but for now, we are using P1900 as our designation. 1900-1913. (AR #744019)

HWN: AR #880415 has 1899-1900 in left sleeve, is like 1892 regs. P1892-1900

TYPE OF GARMENT Herringbone Twill Utility Coats, 1941-1968

UNIFORM COAT; USMC; Pxxxx; UTILITY; HBT;

Description:

Loose fitting sack coat of sage green to gray HBT cotton cloth. Differing pocket arrangements and construction. Will have riveted buttons of bronzed or blackened steel, most with “U.S. Marine Corps” marked on face. Black stenciled insignia on left breast pocket. (See other section for M1953 HBT shirt.)

(Drawing)

Markings: Rarely found. Contract dates of 1945 sometimes found in the inside center of the back on P1944 coats.

Characteristics:

P1941- One rounded patch pocket on the left breast, with the 1936 (two ribboned) USMC insignia, and both lower patch pockets intact. Dark green to gray in color. Bronze or steel buttons, both plain and marked, “U.S. Marine Corps”. Enlisted chevrons may be stenciled on one or both sleeves. 1941-1955. (Clothing Trade Journal, Nov. 1942 ) (AR #770183-0R)

HWN - 1991.443.3 has plastic buttons.

P1941(M) - Same as P1941 coat, but with both lower pockets carefully removed, leaving faint trace of stitch marks. Either the 1936 or 1954 USMC insignia may be stenciled over the single remaining patch breast pocket. Usually has wearer’s name stenciled, inked, embroidered, or on a nametag over the only breast pocket. May have an HBT patch over stenciled chevron on sleeve. (M) means “Modified”. 1955-1968. (AR #770100-0R)


TYPE OF GARMENT HBT Utility Coats 1941-1968 (Continued)

Characteristics: (Continued)

P1944- One squared patch pocket, with rectangular flap, on the left breast with the 1936 (two ribboned) USMC insignia. The flap is secured with a single button. Two “Map” or “Grenade” pockets, one on each breast, closed by a single button on each. “Gas” flap, or remnants in front fly. Bright green to gray in color. Six buttons down front fly. Buttons as P1941. Contract dates, if any, will be 1945. 1945-1955. (AR #810659-0R)

HWN - with an arrow between words “Grenade” and “pockets”- “Or flotation bladder”

P1944(M) - Same as P1944 coat, but with 1954 USMC insignia on breast pocket. Usually has wearer’s name stenciled, inked embroidered, or on a nametape over the only breast pocket. (M) means “modified”. 1955-1968.
(AR #831487)


TYPE OF GARMENT: Herringbone Twill Utility Shirt, M1953

UNIFORM SHIRT; USMC; M1953; (Rank); UTILITY; HBT;

DESCRIPTION:

Loose fitting shirt of green to grey herringbone twill cotton
cloth. Two rounded-button patch pockets with pointed flaps, one
on each breast. This shirt was worn inside the trousers. No lower
pockets, but with an inner "map" pocket on the left breast,
secured by a single button. Covered button fly front. Flat or
slightly domed, four hole, brownish-green plastic buttons. Nearly
all of these will have the wearer's name stenciled, in ink,
embroidered, or on a name tape above the left breast pocket. This
garment is officially referred to as the "M1953".


(Drawing)
Markings: None found.

Characteristics:

M1953- Same as described above. Those with the 1936 (two riband)
USMC insignia were manufactured between 1953 and 1955,
while those with the 1954 (one riband) insignias date from
1955 to 1968. (1953) OR (1955) -1968. (Artifact #850807)

HWN :(1991.449.4)

TYPE OF GARMENT: Tropical Utility Shirts and Coats, C1968

UNIFORM (COAT or SHIRT); USMC, C1968; UTILITY
HWN; HOT WEATHER; POPLIN (CAMOUFLAGED); xxxxxxxx

Description:

Loose fitting upper garment made of light weight poplin material, the
coats having four bellows pockets, two slanted ones on the breast
and two on the shirts. The shirts are patterned after the P1964-

(Drawing)


Markings: White cotton cloth labels sewn on inside. Shirts
have "T-63-5", while the coats usually have a series
of DSA numbers and a variety of descriptions,
ranging from "Tropical" to "Hot Weather".

Characteristics:

C1968- SHIRT is same as P1964, but made of 107 shade
cotton poplin. (Artifact * 860524-0R) 1964-1975.

C1968- Coats are basically four different styles. One has
exposed buttons on the pocket flaps, one has covered
buttons on the pocket flaps, one is made of rip-stop
material, and one is made of rip-stop camouflaged
material. (Rip-Stop is a series of discernable 1/4
inch squares of heavier thread overall in the
material.) These are to be cataloged together, as
differences are minimal. (Artifact #s 860522-0R,
[rip-stop] 860525-0R [exposed buttons], 800062-0R
[concealed buttons], 860520-0R [camouflaged], 860521-0R
[camouflaged].


TYPE OF GARMENT: Green Sateen Utility Shirts, 1957-1980

UNIFORM SHIRT; USMC; Pxxxx; UTILITY; SATEEN; xxxxxxxx

Description:
Loose fitting shirt of green cotton sateen material. Two
breast pockets, closed with flaps. 1954 (one riband) USMC
insignia stenciled on the left breast pocket.


(Drawings)


Markings: White cotton cloth tags sewn into an inner seam.
These will have Defense Supply Agency numbers
and/or Federal Stock numbers (FSN's) in them
without dates of manufacture.

Characteristics:

P1957- Two rounded patch pockets with pointed flaps, one on
each breast. Has covered buttons under each pocket flap.
Has inner map pocket on left breast, secured by a single
button. Covered button fly front. Flat or slightly domed,
four-hole, brownish-green plastic buttons. Identical to
M1953 shirt, but made of sateen. 1957-1980. (Artifact
#810631-0R)

P1964- Universal pattern, based on the U.S. Army design. Two
breast pockets with rectangular flaps. Six button open front. Olive green 107 (OG 107) shade of cloth. 1964-1980.
(Artifact #841734-0R)

P1971- Style reverts back to P1957 pattern, but with an open
button front. Buttons exposed on both pointed pocket
flaps. Does not have inner "map" pocket. 1971-1980,.
(Artifact #850779-0R)


TYPE OF GARMENT WWII Camouflaged Herringbone Twill Utility Coats

UNIFORM COAT; USMC; Pxxxx; (Rank); CAMOFLAGED; xxxxxxxx

Description:

Loose fitting sack coat of reversible mottled camouflage, a
three toned brown on one side, and a green-brown on the other
side. Basic material is herringbone-twill cotton.


(Drawings)

Markings: None found.

Characteristics:

P1942- One patch pocket on the left breast, and one patch pocket
on the right skirt of both sides, "green" and "brown".
1936 (one riband) USMC insignias on the pocket.
Otherwise identical to the P1941 herringbone twill
utilities. Four oxidized bronze or blackened steel snaps
on the front. No cuff buttons, 1943-1954. (Ellis Dran, Memo
11182, Div Plans & Polices, 2 Dec 1942) (Artifact
#860204-0R)

P1944- No patch pockets on breast or skirt. Two "map" pockets on
each breast, closed by oxidized bronze or blackened steel
domed snaps. Front closed by five domed snaps. Has snaps
on cuffs. 1944-1954 (HWN 1944-1963) (MARCORPSMUSEUM FILE M C Drawing #1717C1, dtd 7 Mar 1944) (Artifact # 800857-0R)

HWN: Douglas donation (90.006.001) was issued to him October 1962 when
he went to Cuba during "Bay of Pigs" 1944-1963
#1 needs to be inserted here... after questions answered.....
TYPE OF GARMENT: Enlisted Summer Service Jacket (Vandegrift) 1945-1954

UNIFORM JACKET; USMC; 1945; ENL; (Rank); KHAKI; xxxxxxxx

Description:

Khaki cotton Vandegrift-type jacket with rolled collar,
shoulder straps and two pleated breast pockets.


(Drawings)


Markings: None found

Characteristics:

P1945- This jacket, as described above, was worn for a short
period beginning in 1947, (SUP CIR, #44, 16 Jan 1947)
and ending in 1957. (UR 1949, CHG #4, 1954, p. 44).
During that time there was no notable change in style.
(Artifact #744456-0R)

HWN: Did not become obsolete until 1 Jul 68.

#37 GunnyRed

GunnyRed
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Posted 13 April 2008 - 06:48 AM

[quote name='GunnyRed' date='Apr 13 2008, 06:40 AM' post='127699']
(Reprint)

Marine Corps Museum

CATALOGING AND IDENTIFICATION GUIDE

FOR 20TH CENTURY UNIFORMS
Edited by Mr. Kenneth L. Smith-Christmas
Curator of Material History

Continued:

TYPE OF GARMENT: Undress Dark Blue Coat, 1892-1912

COAT: USMC, P1892, OFF (Rank); UNDRESS; BLUE

Description:

Sack coat of dark blue cloth; cut close to define the figure; edges of the
collar, coat and sleeves edged with mohair braid; and black stuffed crocheted
buttons.

(Drawings)

Markings:

Characteristics:

P1892 Cut close to the figure but loose enough for sword to be worn
underneath; slits at the bottom of the side seams 6 inches long;
standing collar 1 1/4 inches high; rounded ends to hook in
front at bottom; edges of collar, front, border. sleeves,
side slits, and back seams trimmed with black mohair braid
3/8 inch wide and 1/8 inch thick; black stuffed crocheted
buttons; sleeves trimmed with mohair braid; sleeves are trimmed
mohair braid. 1892-1904 (Artifact #743314, Museum Sample)

P1904 Same as 1892 except slits at side seams are 6 inches on right
side and the left side to be as high as lower edge of the
sword belt; collar to be either 1 5/8 inches or 2 inches high,
cut square front, and closed by two hooks. 1904-1912

TYPE OF GARMENT Officer's Winter Service Coat 1912-Present

UNIFORM COAT; USMC; Officer; (Rank); Winter; Green; xxxxxxxx

Description:

Single-breasted, forest green wool service coat with two
pleated pockets on the breast, and two lower patch pockets, 1912-
1917, or two bellows pockets, 1917-present. High standing collar
from 1912-1928, and rolled collar after that time. The coat has
shoulder straps, and is lined.

(Drawings)

Markings: Found inside inner pocket. Will wither be a label from
a commercial firm or one from the Quartermaster's Depot
of Supplies, Philadelphia.

Characteristics:

P1912- 5 buttons down front, high standing collar, 2 pleated
breast pockets with flaps, and two lower patch pockets
with flaps. 2 welted gore seams running the collar down to
the breast pockets. Uniform regulations called for the
coat to be piped down the front edge, on the bottom, base
of the collar, cuffs, and shoulder straps in scarlet, but
this was never done. Made of kersey wood. 1912-1928
(UR 1912, p.30-39)

P1915- Coats made of serge in addition to kersey. 1915-1928
(UR 1912. CHG #1, 915. p. 38-39)

P1917- Lower bellows style pockets, 1917-1928. (UR 1912 CHG #10
1917-, p.37)

P1918- Coats made of kersey, serge, Whip cord, Bedford cord, or
other suitable woolen material. Back vent. 1918-1928.
(UR 1912, CHG #14, 1918, p. 37)

TYPE OF GARMENT Officer's Winter Service Coat 1912-Present

UNIFORM COAT; USMC; Officer; (Rank); Winter; Green; xxxxxxxx

Characteristics: (Continued)

P1922- Hook vent in back 1922-1928. (UR 1922, p.81)

P1927- Poll collar, 4 buttons, 1928-19550. (LEA, Oct. 1927, p.17)

P1929- Straight or plain vented in back. 2 brass hooks or 2
belt loops. 3 buttons 1929-1955 (UR 1929, p. 100)

P1929(M)- Sword slit may be added. 1948-1970 (UR 1949, p.8)
HWN: sec 890404

P1954- Fabric belt may be sewn down in back. Sword slit.
1954-present. (UR 1949, CHG #6, 1954. p.11)

P1958- Bellow back coat introduced, same style as P1955, but
with 2 bellow pleats in the back. (This coat was
optional for officers)
HWN: Obsolete after 31 Dec 70
HWN:
P1970- Summer weight greens (for use year round) (cannot
pinpoint date) (Col Dragatta bought his in 1973).


TYPE OF GARMENT: Officer's Summer Service Coat 1900-1977

UNIFORM COAT; USMC; Pxxxx; OFCR; (Rank); SUMMER; KHAKI; xxxxxxxx

Description:

Single-breasted khaki coat, with two pleated breast pockets,
two lower patch pockets, 1900-1917 and two lower bellow style
pockets, 1917-1977. High standing collar 1900-1928, rolled lapel
from 1928-1977. Shoulder straps.

(Drawings)
Markings:

Characteristics:

P1900- Two back vents and slightly rounded, standing collar.
5 buttons down front. Made of cotton, 1900-1905.
(UR 1900, p.12)

P1904- No back vents, square standing collar, 2 welted gore
seams running from neck down to the breast pockets.
Made of cotton. 1904-1928. (UR 1904, p, 23-23)

P1918- Lower bellow style pockets, 2 welted gore seams. (UR1917,
CHG 12, 1918, p. 37). Made of cotton or gabardine. 1918-
1928. (UR 1917, CHG 14, 1918, p. 37)

P1922- Hook vent in back. 1922-1928 (UR 1922, P. 81)

P1927- Rolled collar with 4 buttons. 1928-1955. (LEA, Oct
1927, p. 17)

P1929- Straight or plain vent along back seam. (UR 1929, p. 100)

P1949- Optional skeleton lining. Optional sword slit. 1949-1977
(UR 1949, p.7)

P1954- Quarter-lined, 2 belt loops, 3 buttons down the front.
1954-1977. (UR 1949, CHG #6, 1954, p.11)

TYPE OF GARMENT: Officer's Summer Service Coat 1900-1977
(Continued)

Characteristics: (Continued)

P1955- Sword slits required, 1955-1977. (UR 1949, CHG #9 1955,
p.11)

P1958- Bellow back coat introduced, same style as P1955, but
with 2 bellow pleats in back. This coat was optional
for officers. 1958-1970. (UR 1949, CHG #25 1958, p. 11)

TYPE OF GARMENT: WWII Camouflaged Herringbone Twill Utility
Trousers

UNIFORM TROUSERS; USMC; Pxxxx; UTILITY; CAMOUFLAGED; xxxxxxxx

Description:

Loose fitting trousers of herringbone twill cotton in a
reversible mottled camouflage, a three tones brown on one side,
and a green/brown on the other side. Two radically different types.

(Drawings)

Markings: None Found

Characteristics:

P1942- One right front and left rear patch pocket on the “brown”
and “green” sides. Oxidized bronze snap domes on the
“green” side. 1943-1954. (ELLS-DRAN, Memo 11182, Div Plans
& Policies, 2 Dec 1942) (Artifact # 851298-0R)

P1944- No patch pockets. Has flapped pocket openings on each side
of trousers, with three domed snaps on each flap. Double
thickness seat. Has bronze, oxidized brass, blackened
steel, “U>S> Marine Corps” or plain buttons on the fly.
Two sub-types: one has seven belt loops around the waist
and the other has eight equidistant slits in the form of
upright buttonholes around the waist. Has drawstrings on
cuffs. 1944-1954 (MARINECORPSMUSEUM File, MC Drawing
#1716C1, dtd. 7 Mar 1944) (Artifact # 860207-0R)

HWN: - 1968 Poplins came in

TYPE OF GARMENT: Herringbone Twill Utility Trousers, 1941-1968

UNIFORM TROUSERS; USMC; Pxxxx; UTILITY; HBT; xxxxxxxx

Description:

Loose fitting trousers of dark green to gray herringbone twill
cotton. Button fly with differing pocket arrangements.

(Drawings)

Markings: None found

Characteristics:

P1941- Two rear patch pockets. Two front pockets, may be
inner pockets or patch pockets with “slash” 45
degree openings. May have a waist pocket. Bronze or
blackened steel “U.S. Marine Corps” riveted buttons.
1941-1968. (Artifact # 800693-0R)

P1944- Two large bellows pockets on the side of each leg. The
pockets have a rectangular flap, closed with two
buttons. Across the butt is a large rectangular pocket
with a flap closed by three buttons. Stitched eyelets
at the waist and cuff for drawstrings. Bronze or
blackened steel “U.S. Marine Corps” riveted buttons.
1945-1953 (Artifact # 830469-0R)

1944(M)- Same as 1944 trousers, but with rear pocket removed.
May have one or more cargo pockets removed. (Artifact
#841357-0R)

HWN: 1944-1953

P1953- Two rounded bottom hip pockets and two front pockets
With nearly vertical “slash” openings. Has a watch
pocket. Has a flat plastic green button securing the
left rear pocket. 1954-1968. (Artifact # 860370-0R)


TYPE OF GARMENT: Enlisted Green Winter Service Trousers (1912-
1970)

UNIFORM TROUSERS, USMC; Pxxxx; ENL; WINTER; GREEN; xxxxxxxx

Description:

Made of heavy green/gray high quality wool kersey. Straight
legged. Lined with white cotton, or green herringbone cotton
twill on some manufacture in late WWII and the 1950’s, Creased
down the front.

(Drawings)

Markings: Usually only found in those manufactured prior to WWII.
Most often found stamped in the waistband in black ink:

U.S. Marine Corps
Quartermaster’s Depot
1917-1918

Characteristics:

P1912- Has adjustable two-piece strap with a thin brass
buckle in the back. Has five (HWN 6 1992.206.2) 3 inch belt loops,
Has steel U.S. Marine Corps” buttons riveted on fly and
on waist band for suspenders. 1912-1924. (Artifact #
780417B)

P1922- Suspender buttons removed. Five brass four-hole buttons
on fly. 1912-1924. (Artifact # 860640-0R)

P1942- Five black plastic buttons on the fly. 2 ½ inch belt
loops. 1942-1968/ (Artifact #820233-0R)

P1942(M)- Modified in 1945 by adding rear pockets to 1942 (1945)
trousers. Pocket flap material will not match
the trousers. 1945-1968. (LTR to Secretary of
the Navy, from The Commandant, 19 Oct. 1945)

P1945- Rear Pockets with flaps. Slide fastener (zipper) on
the fly. 1945-1968 (Artifact # 851612)
TYPE OF GARMENT: Enlisted Dress Blue Trousers, 1900-1968

UNIFORM TROUSERS; USMC; Pxxxx; ENL, (NCO OR PVT); DRESS; BLUE

Description:

Sky-blue kersey wool straight legged trousers. Those worn by
corporals and above have a scarlet stripe down each outer seam,
while those worn by lower ranks do not. Details of
construction differ accordingly to the period of manufacture.


(Drawings)

Markings: In waistband for those made prior to c. 1924-

U.S. Marine Corps
Quartermaster’s Depot
1917-1918

Characteristics:

P1898- Actually, sine we have no trousers pre-dating 1899-
1900, this same criteria could apply back to trousers
made in the 1880’s. No hip pockets. Has an adjustable
strap in the back. Solid, riveted, tin-platted steel
“U.S. Marine Corps” buttons. No belt loops. 1898-1908.
(Artifact #744104)
HWN: 1990.162.3 marked 1898-1899

P1908- Same as P1989 with addition of 4 inch x ¼ inch belt
loops. (Artifact # 744122-0R)
HWN : (1908-1920)

P1908(M)- Rear straps cut off. 1920-1946 (Artifact #830602-0R)

P1918- Hollow, riveted, tin-plated or nickeled steel ”U.S. Marine
Corps” buttons. Otherwise. these are identical to the P1898 . trousers. 1918-1946 (Artifact #780578)

P1920- No strap in back. Small solid, riveted, nickeled steel “U.S. Marine
Corps” buttons on the fly only. No suspender buttons. 4 inch x ½ I
belt loops. 1920-1951. (Artifact # 810146)
TYPE OF GARMENT: Enlisted Dress Blue Trousers, 1900-1968
(Continued)

Characteristics: (Continued)

P1930- Same as P1920, 3 inch x ¼ inch belt loops, but with
four hole fly buttons and suspender buttons. Unmarked
and dated. 1930-1946. (Artifact # 744100)

P1942- Black plastic four hold buttons on issued trousers or
slide fasteners (zippers) on those privately purchased.
No hip pockets on those issued, but appear on some that
are privately purchased. Belt loops are 2 ¼ inch x ½
inch. 1942-1946. (Artifact #820102-0R)

P1951- Issued trousers have slide fasteners. (Artifact #860915)

P1957- Made of 100% Gabardine wool. (Artifact #820411-0R)


TYPE OF GARMENT: Enlisted Khaki Summer Service Trousers 1900-1976

UNIFORM TROUSERS; USMC; Pxxxx; ENL; SUMMER; KHAKI;

Description:

Khaki cotton, straight legged pants with button fly and belt loops
(after 1904). Summer riding breeches, rather than trousers.
were used for a short time during WWI.

(Drawings)

Markings: In waistband: U.S. Marine Corps
Quartermaster’s Depot
1917-1918

Characteristics:

P1900- Brass buckles and buttons on fly, top pockets, 1900-1906.
(UR 1900, p.18) (Artifact #821097-0R)

P1904- Brass buckles and buttons on fly, top pockets, suspender buttons
(inside waist), four 3 inch to 3 ½ inch belt loops. 1904-1914. (UR 1904, p. 46, Artifact #810554)

“NOTE” The UR 1912 describes the Summer Service Trousers as having
six belt loops, We found no examples of this. (UR 1912, p.71)

P1918- Change to summer field breeches. Back buckle and strap removed,
replaced with fifth belt loop. 1918-1919 (UR1917, CHG #13, 1918, p. 73) (Artifact #8006510R)


P1918- Change back to summer field trousers. Back buckle and strap emoved, replaced with fifth 3 inch wide belt loop. 1918-1945
(UR 1917, CHG #14, 1918, p. 73) (Artifact #8006510R)

C1930- Though not mentioned in UR, the artifacts show that
trousers were made with six or seven 2 ½ in belt loops and brown
plastic buttons. (Artifact #744274-0R)
HWN: 1930-1945
TYPE OF GARMENT: Enlisted Khaki Summer Trousers 1900-1976

Characteristics: (Continued)

P1945- Hip pockets added. 1945-1976. (LTR from The Commandant to the Secretary of The Navy, 19 Oct. 1945) (Artifact #744725-0R)

P1950- Trousers made of tropical worsted wool. 1950-1976.
(Ells-Drans, LTR to CMC from the Secretary of The Navy, 30 Mar 1950) (Artifact #744725-0R)

HWN: ’37 regs show hip pockets on officers


TYPE OF COVER: Officers Full Dress Blue Wool Frame Cap, Company
Grade, or General officer 1904-1919

UNIFORM CAP; USMC; Pxxxx; OFCR; (CG, FG, OR GO0; FRAME; FULL
DRESS; WOOL; BLUE


Description:
Dark blue wool bell-crowned visored cap with gold braiding and
band; very similar to the undress cap.


(Drawings)


Markings:

Characteristics:

P1904- Four sections of flat gold braid (three lines each)
vertically equidistant on the sides of the crown.
Band is #10 gold lace. 6 ½ inch gold quatrefoil
crown. Visor slopes at a 60 degree angle, 1904-1912.
(UR 1904, p )

HWN: Ornamentation on visor for CMC

P1912- Crown reinforced by steel grommet, and two steel front
upright stays. First use of sliding two piece chinstrap.
1912-1922. (UR 1912, p. 45-46)

HWN: Ornamentation on visor for CMC & field aide

P1922- Black patent leather visor
HWN: Came in with 1922 Regs
HWN: Ornamentation added for service cap as well.

TYPE OF COVER: Officer’s Undress White Frame Cap, Company
Grade, Field Grade, or General Office 1900-
Present

UNIFORM CAP; USMC; Pxxxx; OFCR; (CG, FG, OR GO); FRAME;
UNDRESS; SUMMER (LINEN OR COTTON); WHITE

Description:
White cotton or linen bell-crowned (later flared) cap with visor.



(Drawings)

Markings:

Characteristics:

P1900- Made of white linen without braid, Visor slopes 25 degree.
1900-1904. (UR 1900, p. 10)

P1904- White braid. Visor slope 60 degrees, (First mention of
separate cover) 1904-1922 (UR 1904, p.30)

P1915- White enamel metal ventilators in cap. 1915-1922 (UR
1912 CHG #1, 1915, p.47)

P1922- Flare widened. Visor slope 45 degrees. 1922-1926 (UR
1922 p. 14)

P1924 Flare increases to 10 ¼ inches x 10 ¾ inches. Visor
slopes at 35 degrees. 1924-1945

P1937- 5/8 inch chinstrap, 1937-1954 (UR 1949, CHG #6, 1954,
p.9)

P1954- Vinyl visor bindings. 1954-2000 (UR 1949, CHG #6,
1954, p.9)

P1962- Black Plastic visor 1962-2000 (UR 1962, p. 4-6)

TYPE OF COVER: Officer’s Summer Service Khaki Frame Cap, Company
Garde, Field Grade or General Office 1911-1976

UNIFROM CAP; USMC; Pxxxx; OFCR; (CG, FG OR GO); FRAME; SUMMER;
KHAKI
Description:
Bell-crowned (later flared) visored cap with insignia on the
front of the crown. Chinstrap and visor are leather (later
plastic) of different shades of black or brown, depending on the
period.

(Drawings)

Markings:

Characteristics:

P1912- Cotton drill. Visor and chinstrap are black leather.
Chinstrap is ½ inch wide. Two black ventilators on each
side. Dull finish cap ornament. Khaki quatrefoil of silk
1/8 braid. 1911-1922 (CHG to MCO, vol #7, 6 Jan 1911)

P1915 Brown ventilators. 1915-1922 (UR 1912, CHG #1, 1915 p.)

P1917 Visor made of Black patent leather. Cap of cotton or gabardine.
1917-1922 (UR 1917, CHG #14, 1919, p. 47)
HWN: Marked ventilators

P1922- Visor made of olive drab leather. 45 degree visor slope.
1922-1926 (UR 1922, p72)
HWN: Lined with green

P1929- Flare increases to 10 ¼ inches x 10 ¾ inches. Visor slopes at 35 degrees, 1929-1945
HWN: Visor dark russet with green lining, Chinstrap ½ inch wide.

P1937- Chinstrap ¾ inch wide. Dark mahogany visor. Visor slope
35 degrees. 1937-1962 (UR 1937, p.67)

P1954- Vinyl Visor bindings, 1954-1962 (UR 1949, chg #^, 1954 p 47-9)

P1962- Quatrefoil made of rayon. 1962-1976. (UR 1962)


TYPE OF COVER: Officer’s Service, Green Frame Cap, Company Grade
Field Grade, or General Officer 1912-Present

UNIFORM CAP; USMC; Pxxxx; (CG, FG OR GO) FRAME; SERVICE; GREEN

Description:
Introduced in 1912, this forestry green visored frame cap follows the
development of the enlisted cap. It is easily distinguished by its mohair braid band and quatrefoil.


(Drawings)

Markings:

Characteristics:

P1912- A black metal eyelets for ventilation. 6 ½ inch diameter
silk braid (1/8 inch) quatrefoil. Visor and ½ inch wide
chinstrap, light russet color. Visor lined with green leather
and slopes at a 60 degree angle. 1912-1922 (UR 1912, p 48)

P1918- Some made of U.S. Army khaki or olive drab wool. All have stiff
varnished, brown cloth visors. (Artifact # )

P1919- Brown enamel ventilators 1919-1922 (UR 1917, CHG #14, 1919 p47)

P1922- Flare slightly larger, 9 7/8 inch x 10 3/8 inch. Very rare.
Visor slopes at 45 degrees. (UR 1922 p. 73)

P1924- Flare increases to 10 ¼ inches x 10 ¾ inches. Visor slopes
at 35 degrees. 1924-1945

P1937- Chinstrap now ¾ inch wide. Steel grommet integral with
frame in most cases. 1937-1962 (UR 1937, p.68)

P1954- Binding on leather visor is vinyl. 1954-1962 (UR 1949,
CHG #6, 1954, p.9)

P1962- Black plastic visor 1962-1982 (UR1962 p. 4-6)
HWN: 1982 for Majors and Above, 2000 for Captains and below
1982 Ornamentation added to visor for Major and above 1982-2000

TYPE OF COVER: Officer’s Field of Campaign Hat, 1898-Present

UNIFORM HAT; USMC Pxxxx; OFCR; FIELD

Description:
A broad-brimmed hat made of “fine felt” and after 1904 fitted
with a scarlet and gold had cord. Depending on the period of use, either creased front to back or dented in a “Montana Peak”, (Smokey the Bear) crown.


(Drawings)

Markings:

Characteristics:

P1898- Creased front to back, Officer’s ornament on the side in
gold and silver. 1898-1901

P1900- Creased front to back. Officer’s ornament on the front in
gold and silver. 1900-1905.

P1904- Creased front to back. Addition of scarlet and gold hat cord.
Officer’s ornament on front in dull bronze. 1904-1914

P1912- Blocked to a point at the center of the crown with four “dents”
around the point (Montana Peak). Reinforced strip around the
brim. 3” wide brim. 1912-1922

P1922- Montana Peak. 2 rows of stitching around the brim. (This is called
for in the regulations, but most have no stitching around the brim)
Russet or Brown leather chinstrap. 1922-1942
HWN: (Deleted by CIC LTR 584 28 May 1942)

P1961- No stitching around the brim. Black plastic chinstrap. 1961-2000
HWN: Drill Instructors


TYPE OF COVER: Enlisted Blue Dress Cap 1900-

UNIFORM CAP; USMC; Pxxxx; ENL; FRAME; DRESS; BLUE


Description:



(Drawings)

Markings: Manufacturer in lining

Characteristics:

P1900- Band is 1 ½ inches wide, formed by the material of the body of the
cap, between two welts, each welt at top and bottom projecting
approximately 1/8 inch, bottom welt being approximately 1/8 above
base of cap. Crown is bell-shaped, ½ inch larger that base. Front
height 3 inches, back 2 ½ inches. Visor slant downward at 25
degree angle, patent enameled leather, black above, and lined with
embossed green leather. Small gilt buttons to hold chinstrap on,
two black metal eyelets each side for ventilation and one in front
for cap insignia. (1900-1904) 881431-OR


TYPE OF GARMENT: Enlisted Khaki Shirt 1904-Present

UNIFORM SHIRT; USMC; Pxxxx; ENL; KHAKI

Description:
Khaki shirt with rolling collar, two breast pockets with “V”- shaped flaps,
and bone (plastic on later shirts) buttons on front, cuff and pocket closings.


(Drawings)

Markings: None found

Characteristics:

P1904- Light woolen material, 1 ½ inch rolling collar and long sleeves with
barrel cuffs. Open front (not pullover), but with button fly panel
extended only halfway down the shirt. Five brown bone buttons. (UR 1904, p. 61) (Artifact #744231-0R)

P1917- Light woolen flannel, 3 inch rolling collar, reinforced elbows. 1917-1930, (UR1917 p.73) Chambray shirt also made. (UR 1917, CHG #14, 1918, p.73) (Artifact #850089)
HWN: 1991.454.1
868633834 have reinforced outer sleeve and 6 buttons

P1927- Made in Cotton, in addition to flannel. No reinforced elbows. Button
fly panel extended down the front of the shirt. Eight buttons. 1927-
Present. (LEA Vol 10, #3, March 1927, p24) (Artifact #763067-0R)

“Note”- Though there is no confirmation of the date, we believe that as of
1927, the wool flannel shirt, like the cotton shirt, was manufactured
without reinforced elbows and with extended button fly panel. 1927-1954

P1954- Introduction of tropical garrison shirt. Made of worsted, rayon-mohair nylon with gabardine. Semi-form fitting, with a turn down collar and five plastic buttons. May be creased down front on both sides. 1954-Present
(UR 1949, CHG #25, p.15 1958) (Artifact #744795-0R)

P1958- Khaki shirt with French cuffs introduced. Optional item for NCO only.
1958-Present, (UR 1949, #44, 1961 p.16) (Artifact #744796-0R)
TYPE OF GARMENT: Enlisted Khaki Shirt 1904-Present
(Continued)

Characteristics: (continued)

P1961- Cotton oxford, Dacron wool, or Dacron cotton shirt with
quarter length sleeves, semi-form fitting. open collar, and four
plastic buttons. 1961-Present. (UR 1948, CHG #44m 1961, p16)
TYPE OF GARMENT: Shirt; Flannel; Green; P1952-2000

SHIRT; USMC; P1952; COLD WEATHER; WOOL; FLANNEL; GREEN

Description:
Made in the same design as the long sleeve khaki shirt, but it has M2 green shade buttons.






(Drawings)







Markings: Catalog numbers 1996.27.1 and 2 have the following stamped inside
“Shirt, Flannel, Green, Newman & Newman, Cont.No.Nom63008.3Jan1952
INSPECTOR---------------------.

Characteristics:

1952- The design is the same as the khaki shirt. It was not incorporated into the
uniform regulations until CH44 to the 1949 regulations dated February 1961. The shirt was prescribed as an undergarment to be worn with the utility uniform or with the class IV cold weather clothing. (1952-Present)














TYPE OF GARMENT: Enlisted Green Wool Overcoat 1912-Present

UNIFORM OVERCOAT; USMC; Pxxxx, ENL (Rank); (GREEN OR OLIVE
DRAB)


Description:
Forest green or khaki (during WWI), wool, double breasted overcoat,
Mid-calf length, with shoulder straps, two pockets, and a large collar.



(Drawings)



Markings: In left sleeve- U.S. Marine Corps
Quartermaster’s Depot
1941-1942

Characteristics:

P1912- Inverted pleat down back, stand-up collar, two-piece same fabric belt in back. 1912-1917. (UR 1912, p69)

P1912(M)- Pleat sewn shut. (Artifact #744307)

P1915- Pleat removed, stand-up collar, two-piece same fabric belt in back.
1915-1925. (UR 1912, CHG 1, 1915, p. 69)

P1922- Stand-up collar. Two-piece back belt removed. 10 front buttons
May have pleats in back. 1922-1934 (UR 1922, plate 22)

P1929- Rolled collar, eight front buttons in straight lines. 1929-1946 (UR 1929, plate 20)

P1942 Half belt added in back 1942-1950 (Artifact #763056)
HWN: One open and two closed pleats in back not on 881495 which is 1942-43

P1948- Double pleat added in back. 1948-1968. (LEA, VOL. 31, June 1948, p 23, LOI. Vol 10, Jan 20, 1948, #1538)

P1965- Serge adopted. 1965-2000. (LEA, Vol. 49, March 1965 p. 51)

#38 GunnyRed

GunnyRed
  • New Members
    • Member ID: 2,698
  • 24 posts
  • Gender:Male
  • Location:Harrison, Arkansas. About 26 miles dead south of Branson MO.

Posted 13 April 2008 - 06:55 AM

(Reprint)

Marine Corps Museum

CATALOGING AND IDENTIFICATION GUIDE

FOR 20TH CENTURY UNIFORMS
Edited by Mr. Kenneth L. Smith-Christmas
Curator of Material History

Continued: #3

TYPE OF GARMENT: Overcoat, short P1937

OVERCOAT; SHORT; USMC; Pxxxx; (RANK); GREEN

Description:
Green, double breasted, plain back, straight line, approximately fingertip
length, straight or plain vent (left side to overlap right side) in back approximately 12 inches long, lined or unlined, sleeves plain, roll collar, shoulder straps, slash pocket that goes through into an inside pocket, with three buttons on each side of front.


(Drawings)

Markings:

Characteristics:

1937- Same as described above. 1937-1949 (Artifact #891022—this one is a private purchase from Henry Bucks in Melburne)

1949- Lined, ornamental cuffs, slash pockets. 1949-1956

1956- Changed to overcoat, nylon-rayon, green with liner.


TYPE OF GARMENT: Canvas leggings, 1906-1956

UNIFORM LEGGINGS; USMC; Pxxxx; CANVAS; (KHAKI OR GREEN)

Description:
Khaki, olive drab or ocher canvas gaiters designed to fit over field shoes and socks. Height and number of brass or oxidized bronze lacing hooks and eyelets differs according to time period.

(Drawings)


Markings: In purple or black ink: 2
Phila depot
1918
or: 3
Depot of Supplies
U.S. Marine Corps
Philadelphia, PA
MCPB 78031 6-11-40 333000


Characteristics:

P1906- 7 brass eyelets, four-piece construction, double-stitched unbound edges, double-stitch cloth instep strap with bronze square end tip. ¾ inch wide inner reinforcing strap on the inside under lacing hooks. Patent dated bronze buckle :12/26/06” . Color ranges from ocher to tan. 1906-1920 (Artifact # 810570-OR)

P1909 6 brass eyelets, patent date on bronze buckle “1/5/1909”. Four piece construction. 1909-1920 (Artifact #810570-OR)

P1918- Three-piece construction, otherwise same as P1909. 1918-1940 (Artifact #831954-0R)

P1934- Woven canvas webbing instep strap. 1934-1956 (Artifact #851607-0R)

TYPE OF GARMENT: CANVAS LEGGINGS
(CONTINUED)

Characteristics; (Continued)

P1940- Bound edges with glazed linen tags. Doubles-over, inner reinforcement for lacing hooks. Those in use after 1944 have blackened bronze or steel lacing hooks and/or were dyed olive drab. This in use after 1950 have rounded bronze instep strap tabs, two upper lacing eyelets, and FSN’s printed inside. (1940, 1944 or 1950-1956, Artifact #s 860712-0R 761589-0R, 820428-0R)

HWN: 8 eyelet on “42”

P1943- Short with only 5-7 lacing hooks. Khaki or olive drab. Developed for use under trouser leg. Instep strap has either rounded or square tip. 1943-1956 (Artifact #s 860713 Drawer 3a, 860464-0R)



TYPE OF INSIGNIA: Officer’s Shoulder Knots
(Continued)
Characteristics:

P1875- [Staff] Plaited design of ½ inch gold cord completely covering board aigulette attached to one board of each pair. Undress (fatigue) jacket had black silk knots permanently attached. Attaches with hinged brass strap. 1875-1952 (Except for General Officer’s [see P1917]). UR 1875, p.5 & plate 6,
[Line] The only difference is that majors now wear the gold leaf insignia of rank. 1875-1892. UR 1875, plate 4.

P1892- [Line] Similar to the P1859, but is one inch shorter, and has padding to elevate the cloverleaf, It is also consistent with all ranks having four cords. An interesting not is a change to the regulations which specifies three cords in the strap, and four in the cloverleaf, but from the study of existing examples, it appears that this change was not effected. Attaches to the coat or mess jacket with a hinged brass strap. 1892-1929 UR1892, p.10.

P1917- General officer’s of the staff only. Longer (6 ¾ inch) and wider that the staff officer shoulder knot. 1917-1952 UR 1929, p. 113.

“Note” All officers, line and staff wear P1875 as a general service should board in 1929, and wear them until 1952- UR 1929. p113.

Use period of use dates as follows in cataloging the staff/general service shoulder service knots:

If it has no insignia, use 1875-1952
If is has the rank insignia in the outer and end, use 1875-1900
If it has rank insignia in the middle, with or without USMC insignia, use 1900-1952
If it has the staff departmental badges, use 1912-1952

TYPE OF INSIGNIA: Aigulettes (Shoulder Cords) 1875-Present

AIGULETTE; USMC; Pxxxx; (STAFF OR ADC); (DRESS OR SVC [if SVC then 2, 3, OR 4 LOOP]); (RIGHT or LEFT); (GOLD or GOLD/SCARLET or GOLD/BLUE);

Description:
Depending on the period, an aigulette may be several different things, viz., a solid braided cord which may or may not be permanently attached to the shoulder knot. or a series of gold/scarlet or gold/blue single cords worn around the shoulder. Diameter of the cord is between 3/16 inch and ¼ inch.


(Drawings)

Markings: None Found

Characteristics:

P1875- Worn by staff only. Worn on right shoulder. Plaited-shoulder knot of single gold cord ¼ inch diameter with two plaited cords permanently attached. Brass “pencils”. with three Classical Greek helmets as a motif, on each of the plaited cords. Each plaited cord is triple plaited. 1875-1908. UR 1904 p. 11. (Artifact # )

P1904- Introduction of aigulette for Aid-de-Camp. (ADC) which is detachable from shoulder knot. Staff continues to wear P1875. 1404-1922. UR 1904, p.11. (Artifact #)

P1908- Staff shoulder knot and aigulette moves to the left shoulder (cannot be worn on the right shoulder as can the P1875). ADC detachable aigulette also moves to the left, with the exception of the Presidential and White House aides who continue to wear the detachable aigulette on the right 1908-1922 UR 1908, p. 32 (Artifact # 7620670R)

“Note”- Aigulette prescribes for Marine officers detailed as ADCs to Naval officers. Detachable aigulette worn on the left shoulder. UR 1917, p. 51.


TYPE OF INSIGNIA: Enlisted Brass Shoulder Scales, 1859-1892

SHOULDER SCALES; USMS; Pxxxx; ENL. (Rank if fringe is attached);
(Pair or Single); Brass; (W/ or W/OUT INSERT)

Description:

Brass scaled shoulder straps with a crescent at the end. Metal insert under the crescent to which yellow worsted wool bullion fringe is attached. Scales are attached to coat with brass strap and turnbuckle. *Note: The Marine Corps scales are larger than the US Army NCO and privates scales, measuring 4 7/8 inch x 6 7/8 inch. (The 1859 Uniform Regulations are in error in regard to the measurement shown on plate 15.) The Army strap usually also has an extra piece under the “pad”.



(Drawings)


Markings on Strap: Horstman
Philadelphia

Characteristics:

P1859- As described above. Individual brass scales each attached to a
steel support strap with rivets. Fringe is:
3 ½ inches long and 3/8 inch diameter for SgtMaj, QM SGT, Drum Major, and chief musician.
3 ½ inches long and ¼ inches diameter for Sgts.
3 ½ inches long and 1/16 inches diameter for Cpl’s and Pvt’s. 1859-1875. UR 1859, p. 6.

P1875- Same as P1859, but scale design stamped into a solid sheet of
brass. Entire scale consists of only four pieces (excepting the fringe insert) as opposed to the ten plus components of the P1859.
1875-1892. UR 1875, p. 7. (Artifact # 861252)



TYPE OF INSIGNIA: Aigulettes (Shoulder Cords) (Continued)


Characteristics: (continued)

P1918- Introduction of the service aigulette. Cord is gold and blue. Cords
are in multiples of two, three, or four, depending on the rank of the
officer served. Cords are bound together at the top, and wrapped
with a piece of gold lace. 1918-1922. UR 1917, CHG 14 (1918),
p. 51.

P1922- Dress. Staff and ADC dress aigulettes have USMC insignia on the
pencils, instead of Classical Greek helmets. 1922-Present. UR1922, p. 42 and VI. (Artifact # 8613650R)

P1922- Service. ADC service aigulettes are now gold/scarlet instead of gold/blue. Number 11 USMC gold braid used (see UR 1912,
plate 22). 1922-1929. UR 1922, p. 42 and VI. (Artifact #8612450R)

P1929- Service. ADC service is the same as P1922, except that it uses Number 2 bold braid (see UR 1929, plate 54). 1929-1955. UR 1929, pp 85-86. (Artifact #861248).

P1955- Service. ADC service is the same as P1929, except that it uses Number 3 gold braid (see UR 1929, plate 54). 1955-Present.
UR 1949, CHG #9, (1955) p. 49-23. (Artifact #861247)

“Note”- In 1962, the third loop of the service aigulette was shortened by one inch; however, it is not felt that this is sufficient change to warrant another designation.


TYPE OF INSIGNIA: Officer’s Epaulettes, 1833-1942

EPAULETTE(S); USMC; Pxxxx; OFCR; (Rank); (PAIR or LEFT or RIGHT);


Description:

Gold cloth covered epaulette with a gilt brass crescent at the end over the bullion fringe. Early epaulettes attach with a single brass 2 inch hook, while later versions have a hinged brass strap and a button catch.

(Drawings)

Markings: Only “LEFT” or “RIGHT” on some examples.

Characteristics:

P1833- Plain ribbed gold strap without button. Bullion fringe is:
½ inch x 3 ½ inches for field grade officers.
3/8 inch x 2 ½ inches for company grade officers.
(Artifact #861370-0R)

P1852- Introduction of the basic pattern used to 1942. Usually lined with red silk or red morocco leather. Has button release and hinged brass attaching strap. End near collar “clipped” in concave scallops (these scallops relate to whether the epaulettes are right or left). Fringe is:
½ inch x 3 ½ inches for field grade officers.
¼ inch x 3 ½ inches for company grade officers.
1852-1859. UR 1852, unnumbered page under “epaulettes” and plate showing USN epaulettes. (Artifact #861360-0R)

HWN: 750670 is like 1852 style W/fringe being ¼ inch x 2 ½ inches and was worn 1834-1840 Lt epaulette

P1859- Same as the basic P1852, but with silver bugle horn with a gothic “M” in the curl of the horn. 1859-1875. UR 1859, p.6.

P1875- Same as the basic 1852, but with early large silver USMC emblem. 1875-1922. UR 1875, p. 2. *Note: Although there are differences in the officer’s emblems from 1875-1922, they are inconsistent, and are not sufficiently defined to break these epaulettes down into anymore categories by date.

P1922- Same as basic P1852, but with modern P1922 silver USMC emblem. 1922-1942. EGA, p.42. (Artifact #861376-0R)


TYPE OF INSIGNIA: Enlisted Shoulder Knots, 1892-1901

SHOULDER KNOT; USMC; P1892; ENL; (LEFT or RIGHT or PAIR);

Description:

Plaited strap of two rows of scarlet mohair braid, and a pad of scarlet wool. Gilt brass crescent on the outer edge of a ¾ inch thick pad. Nickled USMC enlisted wire back emblem. Secured with a hinged brass strap under knot.


(Drawings)


Markings: On hinged brass strap: HORSTMANN
PHILADELPHIA

Characteristics:

P1892- As described above. 1892-1901. UR 1892, p.19. (Artifact #s 861227, 861231)

“NOTE”- Although prescribed in the 1900 UNIFORM REGULATIONS, evidence from artifacts in the collection indicates that these were dropped by 1902 (see section on the Enlisted Full Dress Coats).


TYPE OF GARMENT: Winter Service Coats, WM, 1918-Present

UNIFORM COAT; USMC; Pxxx; ENL(OFCR); (Rank); WINTER (TROPICAL); GREEN (Dark Khaki); WM

Description: The P1918 Winter service coat is dark khaki, or green, wool. The P1943 Winter service coat is forest green wool.

(Drawings)

Markings: Very few marked with dates. The M1952 lapels read, “100% Wool, Coat, Woman’s, Serge, Green, M-1952; Size 12 Regular, CHERUBINO PETTI & CO., INC 30 June 1952 Cont. Nom62469” or “COAT, WOMAN’S, WOOL, SERGE, GREEN, P.O. NO. 5704 100% WOOL” or it might be a private purchase with the tailor or manufacturer’s labels. These labels can be in the neck of the coat, on the inside of the front opening at the bottom of the coat or higher at the breast pocket level or there may be no markings.

Characteristics:

P1918-The front has two pleated breast pockets as well as two bellows pockets on the
skirt of the coat. It has a rolled collar with notched lapels. Four dull finished rown
buttons close the front with buttons on each pocket and the shoulder straps. The
sleeves end with an ornamental cuff. The back has three seems and a single
vent. The coat has a full green lining. (Women Marines In World War I,
HQMC(HD) 1974, p.19. (Artifact #870106) (1918-1922)

P1943-This coat has a roll collar, notched lapels, two slash breast pockets, two seems
down each side of the front leading two set-in pockets, green lining, three
buttons down the front, shoulder straps with buttons, ornamented cuffs, three
seems down the back, and stitched eyelets on collar for insignia. Rank insignia
worn on left sleeve only (UR USMCWR, 1943) (Artifact #744428-0R) (1942-45)
P1945-Same as the 1943 except rank insignia now is worn on both sleeves. (As
indicated in LOI 1004) (Artifact #744425-0R) (1945-1947)

P1947-Same as P1945 except service stripes were added to the sleeves (As indicated
in LOI 1413) (A HISTORY OF WOMEN MARINES 1946-1977, p.165) (Artifact
#760010-0R) (1947-1957)

M1952-Coat with roll collar, notched lapels, one false left breast pocket, one seem
down each front panel, two seems down back panel, stitched eyelets, and four
buttons down the front. Some have M1952 tags inside the inside pocket and it
is made of wool serge. (A HISTORY OF WOMEN MARINES 1946-1977, p.162)
(Artifact # ) (1952-1976)

P1976-Same as 1952, but changed to polyester/wool tropical for year-round wear.
Winter service is still wool serge or wool gabardine. (UR 1976, p.4-57) (Artifact
#870943) (1976-2000)


TYPE OF GARMENT: Woman Marine Summer Service Coat 1943-1982

UNIFORM COAT (DRESS); USMC; Pxxxx; ENL or OFFICER; (Rank); (SHIRTMWAIST) SUMMER; GREEN AND WHITE; WM

Description:
Green and White striped seersucker (plisse) service coat of two-piece outfit with buttons that close the v-neck of the single breasted coat. The four patch pockets are closed by buttoned pointed flaps. There are also buttons for the shoulder straps. The number of buttons for the coats change with modifications made to the uniform. The skirt of this uniform has changed very little throughout its use by Women Marines, and is described separately.


(Drawings)


Markings: Very few marked with dates. Some early 1950 uniforms have labels in the neck and inside waistbands. Label often lists fiber content, manufacturer, control number, size and date of manufacture.

Characteristics:
P1943- Green and white striped (plisse) coat of a 2-piece summer service uniform with five white pearl or bone buttons and the enlisted rank insignia worn on the left sleeve only. A stiffened solid green detachable shoulder board in the shape of the shoulder strap was added to distinguish officer rank insignia. The coat has an open v-neck with hemmed short sleeves and four patch pockets. The front of the single breasted coat has five large white buttons with small buttons on the pointed flaps of the pockets. The back has a center seem with darts on either side. (UR [USMCWR] 1943, p.2) (MCHRP,MCWRN WWII, p.25) (1943-1945) (Artifact #870164) Museum sample, on display in WWII exhibit, MCAGM.

P1945- One style is long-sleeved with an ornamental cuff. It is closed in front with three green Marine Corps buttons. The back has a center seam with darts on either side. (in 1945 insignia on the uniform was worn on both sleeves LOI #1004, 16 Apr 1945) (UR USMCWR 1945 pp. 3, 12) (Artifact #744404) Museum Sample. (1945-1954) Another style of the coat was hemmed short sleeves with five green Marine Corps buttons for the front closing (Artifact #744406) Museum Sample. (1945-1954)

HWN: Also has work eyelets on collar.



TYPE OF GARMENT: Woman Marine Summer Service Coat 1943-1982
(continued)

Characteristics: (continued)

P1949- Green and white striped seersucker coat of a 2-piece summer service open v-neck uniform has cuffed short sleeves. It has 2 false breast pockets and 2 skirt pockets and is closed by 4 green Marine Corps buttons in the front. (Ells-Dran PMCCB STUDY 10-1949, 5 July 49) STANDARD SAMPLE (Artifact #744783) (1949-1954)

HWN: Also has worked eyelets for collar insignia

M1952- Green and white striped long sleeved nylon/dacron coat. This coat is worn over the short sleeve shirtwaist dress. It is a nipped-in waist with cuffs, collar and shoulder straps outlined in green piping. The front is closed by 4 green Marine Corps buttons. There is a dart and seam on each side in the front as well as a false breast pocket on the left side. There are 3 seams in the back of the coat. (Artifact #820121) (1952-1982)

P1962- Green and white striped long sleeve dacron/cotton coat. The cuffs, collar and shoulder straps are outlined in green piping. (The dacron/nylon green and white cloth is being phased out.) (UR 1962, 4-36 Ch 2, 7 Feb 1964) (Artifact # None Available) (1962-1982)

P1968- Green and white striped long sleeve polyester/cotton coat. (Artifact #744788) The coat is worn over the short sleeve shirtwaist dress. The 2-piece green and white striped summer service short sleeved coat is made of polyester/cotton fabric. There are 2 seams, 2 darts and a left false breast pocket in front. The back has two seams. (Artifact #850051) Standard Sample (1968-1982) The 2-piece uniform was listed again under Types and Combinations of Uniforms for Women Personnel UR 1968, 3-20, ch2 and 3-39, ch2) (MCOP 1020. 34B Ch.2, 9 Apr 1968) Polyester/cotton or polyester/nylon could be worn but the material could not be mixed. Summer service uniforms manufactured of polyester/nylon shall not be worn after 30 June 1969 UR 1968, 4-33, Ch 2, 9 Apr 1968)


TYPE OF GARMENT: Woman Marine Summer Service Coat 1943-1982
(continued)

Characteristics: (continued)

P1968 continued-
Polyester/cotton fabric was not to be worn after 30 June 1972 (UR 1968, 4-33, Ch 2. In MCO P1020. 34C Ch 2, MCUB jml, 17 Nov 1978, the material used for the green and white summer service cap, coat and skirt is polyester/cotton, so it was still being used. This uniform was declared obsolete 1 Apr 1982 (UR MCO P1020. 34D, MCUM; jml 27 July 1983) (1968-1982)


TYPE OF GARMENT: Woman Marine Winter Service Slacks

UNIFORM SLACKS; USMC; P1945; COVERT; WM


Description: Green Covert Slacks (According to a dictionary definition, Covert means a firm, durable, twilled cloth sometimes waterproofed)

(Drawings)

Markings: Manufacture label in back of slacks waistband.

Characteristics:

P1945- Green Covert slacks has a set-in waistband closed on the side by 2 buttons and a zipper. The front has two pleats on each side, and a set-in pocket on the right side. The back has 2 darts. (UR 1958, p.49-60) Artifact #477697, (1945-1958) Museum Sample.


TYPE OF GARMENT: Winter Service Skirt, WM; 1918-Present

UNIFORM SKIRT; USMC; Pxxxx; ENL (OFCR); (Rank); WINTER GREEN; WM
HWN: TROPICAL; DARK KHAKI


Description: Dark khaki (or green) wool skirt that is gored and closes on the side. The length of the skirt changes with times.


(Drawings)


Markings: Most skirts do not have markings, however the M1952 skirts can have a label in it “100% Wool, Skirt, Woman’s, Serge, Green, M-1952, Size 12, Regular, RACHMAN MANUFACTORING CO., 30 June 1952 Cont. Nom 62470” There could be private purchase with the tailor or manufacturer’s label in the waistband as well.

Characteristics:

P1918- The skirt has a self-belt which is closed by two dull brown buttons in vertical button holes. The front of the skirt has two top-stitched square pockets with a button closed pointed flap. There is a single seam down the center back of the skirt. The three gore skirt closes on the side with snaps. The skirt is hemmed to reach the tops of the high-tied shoes. (Women Marines in World War I, HQMC (HD) 1974, p.21.) (Artifact #870105-0R) (1918-1922)

P1943- Six gores with side zipper and button closure. It is made of wool serge, covert cloth or suitable cloth of adopted standard. (UR USMCWR 1943, p.14.) (Artifact # ) (1943-1955)

M1952- The skirt is the same style as the P1943 but this was the style was kept by Mainbocher when he designed the uniforms for the Women Marines in 1952.

P1955- Same as the P1943 but cloth is just serge of adopted standard. (UR 1949, Ch 9 of Aug 55, p.43-53, fig 49-11) (Artifact # )
(1955-1976)

P1976- The skirt is the same as P1943 but the material changed to polyester/wool tropical for year-round wear. Winter service is still wool serge or wool gabardine (UR 1976, p. 4-57) (Artifact #870942) (1976-2000)
TYPE OF GARMENT: Women Marine Summer Service Skirt 1943-1982

UNIFORM SKIRT; USMC; Pxxxx; ENL or OFFICER (RANK); SUMMER; GREEN & WHITE; WM


Description:
Green and white striped seersucker (plisse) skirt worn with the summer service single breasted coat with four patch pockets and that is closed in the front by 3, 4 or 5 buttons. The skirt of this uniform has changed very little throughout its use by the Women Marines. It has 6 gores and is closed on the side by a zipper and a single button waistband.


(Drawings)

Markings: Very few marked with dates. Some early 1950 uniforms have labels inside waistbands. Label lists fiber content, size, date of manufacture, control number and manufacturer.

Characteristics:

P1943- Green and white striped seersucker (plisse) 2-piece summer service skirt. The skirt has 6 gores and is closed by a single button waistband. The length of the skirt shall be at least to the turn of the calf. (UR [USMCWR] 1943, p.5) (Artifact #870165) Museum Sample on display in WWII exhibit, MCAGM (1943-1949)

HWN: Rank insignia was on left sleeve only from 1943-1945

P1945- The skirt has 6 gores and closes on the side with a zipper and single button waistband. The length of the skirt shall extend to the bottom on the knee caps when the individual is in the standing position. (UR [USMCWR] 1945, pg.6) (Artifact #870168 [Museum Sample]) (1945-1949)

HWN: Rank insignia added to both sleeves in 1945-1947. In 1947, service stripes were added P1947-52.

P1949- Hems were lowered two inches. In order to meet the requirement that the skirt length be approximately mid-calf, some WMs added a fabric insert below the waistband to the existing skirt. (Ells-Dran PMCCB STUDY 10-1949, 5 July 1949), (UR 1949. Ch 5, 49-19) (A History of Women Marines, 1946-1977, p. 26) (Artifact #870167) (1942-1952)
TYPE OF GARMENT: Women Marine Summer Service Skirt 1943-1982
(continued)

Characteristics (continued)

M1952- One-piece green and white striped shirtwaist dress of nylon/dacron. The skirt was not worn from 1952 to its reemergence in 1968. The dress is closed in the front with seven Marine Corps buttons. The waistband is attached on the top side to the dress which gives the appearance of the uniform being a 2-piece outfit. The front top of the dress has 2 seams and 4 darts that stop at the waistband. There is a false left breast pocket. The rolled collar and shoulder straps are trimmed with dark green piping. The short sleeves end with a cuff. The skirt of the dress is 6 gored with a kick pleat in the front. The top of the back of the dress has a set-in center box pleat with 3 darts on each side. The skirt length was mid-calf. (UR Aug 1955-May1956, Ch 5, 49-17) (Artifact #820120) (1952-1982)

P1962- Green and white striped summer service uniform shirtwaist dress of dacron/cotton, shade 160. (The dacron/nylon green and white cloth is being phased out) (UR 1962, 4-36 Ch 2, 7 Feb 1964). (Artifact #820120) (1962-1982)

P1968- Green and white striped summer service uniform shirtwaist dress of poly/cotton. (Artifact #744787 [Standard Sample]) (1968-1982)


TYPE OF GARMENT: Women Marine Summer Service Skirt 1943-1982
(continued)

Characteristics (continued):

P1968- The 2-piece green and white striped summer service skirt is of poly/cotton fabric. It is a 6 gored skirt closed on the side by a zipper and single button waistband. The skirt shall be of a conventional sweep and length, adjusted to current styles, but not extreme. (UR April 1968, 4-39, Ch 2) The 2-piece uniform was listed again under the Types and Combinations of Uniforms for Women Personnel in (UR 1968 3-20, Ch 2 3-39, Ch 2) (MCOP 1020.34B, Ch 2, 9 Apr 1968) (Artifact #850048) Standard Sample Polyester/cotton or polyester/nylon could be worn but the material could not be mixed. Summer service uniforms manufactured of polyester/nylon (Artifact #744786 [Standard Sample] ) shall not be worn after 30 June 1969 (UR 1968 4-33, Ch 2, 9 April 1968) Polyester/cotton shall not be worn after 30 June 1972. (UR 1968 4-33, Ch 2, 9 April 1968) Green and white striped summer service uniform shirtwaist dress of polyester/cotton. The 1972 uniform fits the 1952 uniform description; however, the skirt length shall be of a conventional length and sweep which is appropriate for the appearance of the uniform and the individual. Skirts of the service and dress uniforms shall be knee length (not more than 1 inch above the top of the knee cap, or 1 inch below the bottom of the knee cap.) (UR 1976, Ch 2, 4-34)


TYPE OF GARMENT: Women Marines’ Enlisted Khaki Shirt, 1918-1922

UNIFORM SHIRT; USMC; P1918; ENL; LONG SLEEVE; KHAKI; WM


Description: Long sleeve khaki shirt

(Drawings)


Markings: The Royal, Registered Aug 10th 1880, 940 38

Characteristics:

P1918- Long sleeve khaki shirt with detachable collar. It has a “V” breast pocket with pointed button flap located on the right front side, the long sleeves end with French cuffs that are held together by Marine Corps button cuff links. Buttons are used for the front closing as well as for attaching the collar. The front of the collar has vertical button holes for a button tab which fits under a tie. The back of the shirt has a yoke at the shoulders with gathers in the center lower back with a string attached to tie at the waist. (Artifact #870104)

HWN: (1918-1922)


TYPE OF GARMENT: Women Marines’ Necktie, 1918-Present

UNIFORM NECKTIE; USMC; P1918; ENL; WINTER SERVICE; WOOL; KHAKI; WM

Description: Khaki wool necktie.

(Drawings)

Markings: None found

Characteristics:

P1918- 2 1/8 inches wide with top stitching 1/16 inch from the outside edge. (Artifact #870103) 1918-1922

1942-1952 Khaki neckties. Before the blue dress uniform came in during 1952, a white shirt and green necktie were worn with the winter service uniform for “dress”

HWN: Starting in 1945

1952-1982 Ascot ties came in with the new M1952 uniforms. Green ascot ties were worn with the green shirts. blue with the blue dress; black for evening dress; and khaki or forest green for winter service. The Green shirts were phased out by 31 Mar 1981.

P1979- Neck tabs came in 1 Apr 1979. Ascots began to be phased out. In 1979 long and short-sleeve shirts came in and the green neck tab was used with them.

The green ascot for white dress was phased out by 31 Mar 1982 and replaced with a yellow neck tab. M1980-1991 (See MCBul 1020 of 14 Jul 91)

The blue ascot was replaced with scarlet and black neck tabs. Blue dress “A” and “B” used white shirt and scarlet neck tab. Dress “C” used khaki shirt and black neck tab. 1980-Present (MCBul 1020 of 14 Oct 1980)
HWN: *June 1991-caused not obtained yellow material and was replaced with scarlet.
TYPE OF GARMENT: Necktie; USMC; (Color); 1943-Present

NECKTIE; USMC; P(date) (COLOR); WM

Characteristics:

P1943- Khaki

P1945- Forest green was worn by officers with white silk shirt with winter service uniform for dress (A History of Women Marines 1946-1977, p. 159)

P1952- Ascot type

P1979- Neck tabs

P1980- Scarlet and black neck tabs replaced blue for new dress blues. Yellow replaced green to wear with white dress.


TYPE OF GARMENT: Women Marine HBT Utilities 1943-1960

Overalls; USMC; P1943; Utility; HBT; WM
(above had straps that crossed in the back, originally worn with white T-shirt, also had short-sleeved matching shirt and long-sleeved jacket; overalls were modified in 1952; also had slacks made out of the same material)*

Coat/Trousers(slacks); P1952-1971; Utility; Sateen; WM
(these were phased out by 30 June 71 by Ch 2 to P1020.34B of 1968)*

Shirt/Slacks/Cap/Sweater; USMC; P1967; Utility; Blue
(these were out in 1980)

From 1980 to present, the utility have been the same as the men’s’
P1980- Camouflage Poplin(came in 1977 and was mandatory by 1980)
P1982- Woodlands Pattern

*The USMC insignia was modified in 1954 to change from 1 to 2 riband

Oxfords had been worn with utilities until 1977 when combat boots became regulation. Some photographs of WMs during WWII show them wearing the old men’s’ field shoes (boondockers).



TYPE OF GARMENT: Women Marines Enlisted Raincoat

UNIFORM COAT; USMC; M1952; ENL; WOOL; KERSEY; GREEN; BUTTON-ON BELT; WM


Description: Green nylon raincoat


(Drawings)

Markings: Manufacture label in pocket of earlier models and in the neck in later model raincoats.

Characteristics:

P1943- The straight lined raincoat of green nylon is double breasted with 6 front buttons and 1 button at the neck. Single buttons also hold shoulder straps as well as a button for each front pointed-flap pocket. The back belt is held by 2 buttons. A single vent at the back has a button for closing. (UR 1943, p 6, Artifact #744468) (1943-1952) Museum Sample.

P1952- Raincoat of green nylon and rayon with squared collar is double breasted with 10 front buttons as well as one button on each shoulder strap. It has a tapered end matching belt and an inverted pleat in the center of the back.

P1976- This straight lined raincoat is green, rubber coated nylon with a front placket closed by 4 buttons and one neck button. The shoulder straps each have one button. The back skirt of the raincoat has in inverted pleat. The raincoat and overcoat were phased out as of 1 Dec 1986 by the all-weather coats. (UR 1983, p 2-11) (1976-1986)

P1983- The all-weather coat is pewter (grey). The fabric is 65 percent polyester/35 percent cotton poplin and is water repellant. It is a full length, double breasted, belted coat with a detachable liner. (UR 1983, p 4-36) (1986 to Present)
Museum Samples

DRAWER 1

P1875 ENL FULL DR BLUE COAT 860769
P1892 ENL FULL DR BLUE COAT 860906-0R
DRAWER 2

P1900 ENL FULL DR BLUE COAT 744019
P1875 ENL UNDRESS BLUE COAT 744067-0R
DRAWER 3

P1900 ENL UNDRESS BLUE COAT 800554-0R
P1892 ENL FULL DR BLUE COAT 860906-0R
(not in
drawer)
DRAWER 4

P1904 ENL UNDRESS BLUE COAT 744047
P1904 ENL UNDRESS BLUE COAT (SGT) (collar var) 830841
P1904(M)ENL UNDRESS BLUE COAT (CPL) 860774-0R
DRAWER 5

P1912 ENL DR BLUE COAT (SGT) (H/M) 744039-0R
P1912(M)ENL DR BLUE COAT (SGT) (C/E) 780577-0R
P1920 ENL DR BLUE COAT (SGT) (H/M) 790289-0R
DRAWER 6

P1924 ENL DR BLUE COAT (SGT) 744037-0R
P1924 ENL DR BLUE COAT 744052-0R
P1945 NEL DR BLUE COAT (SGT) 763070-0R
DRAWER 7

P1951 ENL DR BLUE COAT NO EXAMPLE
P1945 ENL DR BLUE COAT (MSGT) (40 YR. H/M) 860919-0R
P1968 ENL DR BLUE COAT 860923-0R
DRAWER 8

P1908 ENL DR BL TROUSERS (NCO) 744104
P1908 ENL DR BL TROUSERS 744122-0R
P1908(M)ENL DR BL TROUSERS (NCO) 830602-0R
P1918 ENL DR BL TROUSERS 780578-0R


DRAWER 9

P1920 ENL DR BL TROUSERS (NCO) 744098-0R
P1930 ENL DR BL TROUSERS (NCO) 744100-0R
P1942 ENL DR BL TROUSERS (P.P.) 820102-0R
P1945 ENL DR BL TROUSERS 860982-0R
DRAWER 10

P1945 ENL DR BL TROUSERS (NCO) 840796
P1951 ENL DR BL TROUSERS 860915-0R
P1957 ENL DR BL TROUSERS (NCO) 860984-0R
P1957 ENL DR BL TROUSERS 821411-0R
DRAWER 11

P1912(M) ENL COAT 860379-0R
P1912 ENL TROUSERS 780417B
DRAWER 12

P1917 ENL COAT (CPL 5MB6) 800649-0R
P1917 ENL TROUSERS 800648-0R
DRAWER 13

P1917 ENL BREECHES 744189-0R
DRAWER 14

P1918 ENL BREECHES 810556-0R
P1918 ENL COAT 810555-0R
DRAWER 15

P1917 ENL BREECHES 831682
P1917 ENL BREECHES 810901-0R
DRAWER 16

P1917 ENL COAT 831681
DRAWER 17

P1922(M) ENL COAT (PFC) 744142-0R
P1922(M) ENL COAT 744151-0R
P1922 ENL TROUSERS 860640-0R

DRAWER 18

P1927 ENL COAT 744154-0R
P1927 ENL COAT (PFC, BELT) 851176-0R
P1927 ENL TROUSERS 820233-0R
DRAWER 19

P1927 ENL COAT (CPO) (PHARM MATE) 851653-0R
DRAWER 20

P1937 ANZAC JACKET 850286-0R
DRAWER21

P1942 HBT UTILITY TROUSERS 8006930R
P1944 HBT UTILITY TROUSERS 830469-0R
P1944(M)HBT UTILITY TROUSERS 841357
P1941 HBT UTILITY COAT NO ACC #
P1944(M)HBT UTILITY COAT 7701830R
P1953 HBT UTILITY TROUSERS 860370-0R
DRAWER 22

M1943 HBT UTILITY COAT (USA) NO ACC #
P1944(M) HBT UTILITY COAT 831487
P1944 HBT UTILITY COAT 810659-0R
P1941 HBT UTILITY COAT (USN) (PH MATE) 754505-0R
P1941(M) HBT UTILITY COAT 770100-0R
P1953 HBT UTILITY COAT (short sleeve) 850807
P1953 HBT UTILITY COAT 850807
DRAWER 23

P1957 GREEN SATEEN UTILITY TROUSERS 810328-0R
P1957 GREEN SATEEN UTILITY SHIRT (long sl.) 810631-0R
P1957 GREEN SATEEN UTILITY SHIRT (sht. sl.) 810806-0R
P1943 COTTON SATEEN FIELD TROUSERS (USA) 860645-0R
P1944 COTTON SATEEN FIELD TROUSERS (USA) 850087


DRAWER 24

ca. 1968 GREEN TROPICAL JUNGLE TROUSERS 860527-0R
ca. 1968 GREEN TROPICAL JUNGLE TROUSERS 861926-0R
ca. 1968 GREEN TROPICAL JUNGLE TROUSERS (rip-stop) 860523-0R
ca. 1968 GREEN TROPICAL JUNGLE TROUSERS (waist tab) 860526-0R
ca. 1968 GREEN TROPICAL JUNGLE COAT (rip-stop) 860522-0R
ca. 1968 GREEN TROPICAL JUNGLE COAT 860525-0R
ca. 1968 GREEN TROPICAL JUNGLE COAT 800062-0R
ca. 1968 SHIRT, HOT WEATHER (M T-63-5) 860524-0R
DRAWER 25

P1942 HBT UTILITY CAMO COAT 860204-0R
P1942 HBT UTILITY CAMO TROUSERS 851298-0R
P1944 HBT UTILITY CAMO COAT 800857-0R
P1944 HBT UTILITY CAMO TROUSERS 860207-0R
ca. 1968 JUNGLE CAMO COAT 860520-0R
ca. 1968 JUNGLE CAMO TROUSERS 860642-0R
ca. 1968 JUNGLE CAMO COAT 860521-0R
ca. 1966 RVNMC CAMO COAT (TIGER STRIPE) 860530-0R
ca. 1966 RVNMC CAMO TROUSERS (TIGER STRIPE) 860529-0R
DRAWER 26

ca. 1966 RVNMC CAMO TROUSERS (TIGER STRIPE) 840561
ca. 1966 RVNMC CAMO COAT (TIGER STRIPE) 851635
ca. 1966 RVNMC CAMO COAT (TIGER STRIPE) 840562
ca. 1966 RVNMC CAMO COAT (TIGER STRIPE) 860534-0R
ca. 1966 RVNMC CAMO COAT (TIGER STRIPE) 841542
DRAWER 27

P1942 HBT UTILITY CAMO JUNGLE SUIT 761426-0R
P1942 HBT MECHANICS COVERALLS 841294
M1938 HBT MECHANICS COVERALLS (USA) 840319
ca. 1940 HBT MECHANICS COVERALLS (CIVILIAN) 760630-0R
DRAWER 28

P1900 ENL SUMMER SERVICE COAT 744211-0R
P1900 ENL SUMMER SERVICE TROUSERS 821097-0R
P1904 ENL SUMMER SERVICE COAT 744206-0R
P1904 ENL SUMMER SERVICE TROUSERS 810558-0R
P1904 ENL SUMMER SERVICE COAT (CPL) 860988-0R
P1904(M) ENL SUMMER SERVICE COAT 744201-0R


DRAWER 29

P1915(M) ENL SUMMER SERVICE COAT 744219-0R
ca. 1910 ENL SUMMER SERVICE COAT (CPL) (NON-REG) 744214-0R
P1915 ENL SUMMER SERVICE COAT (MSGT) 840272
M1910 ENL SUMMER SERVICE COAT (USA) 744225-0R
P1927 ENL SUMMER SERVICE COAT (QMSGT) 744207-0R
DRAWER 30

P1918 ENL SUMMER SERVICE TROUSERS 800651-0R
P1918 ENL SUMMER SERVICE TROUSERS 810554-0R
ca. 1930 ENL SUMMER SERVICE TROUSERS 744274-0R
P1945 ENL SUMMER SERVICE TROUSERS 744268-0R
P1947 ENL SUMMER SERVICE VANDEGRIFT JACKET 744456-0R
P1904 ENL KHAKI WOOL SHIRT 744231-0R
DRAWER 31

P1917 ENL KHAKI SHIRT 744232-0R
M1917 ENL FLANNEL SHIRT (SGT) NO ACC #
(SIG CORPS USA)
P1917 ENL FLANNEL KHAKI SHIRT 850089
P1927 ENL KHAKI COTTON SHIRT (CHPO PH MT) 761333-0R
P1927 ENL KHAKI COTTON SHIRT (CPL 6TH MAR DIV) 763067-0R
ca. 1950 FOREST WOOL GREEN SHIRT NO ACC #
DRAWER 32

M1941 FIELD JACKET 831141
ca. 1940 WINTER COMBAT JACKET (TANKER) 761290-0R
ca. 1941 ARCTIC FIELD JACKET (KISKA TASK FORCE) 780119-0R
M1943 FIELD JACKET (LEA. NAME TAG/PAINTED BACK) 771167-0R
DRAWER 33

M1965 FIELD JACKET 800616-0R
DRAWER 1a

P1906 LEGGINGS 810036-0R
P1909 LEGGINGS 810570-0R
P1918 LEGGINGS 831954
P1934 LEGGINGS 851607-0R

DRAWER 2a

P1940 LEGGINGS 860712-0R
P1940 LEGGINGS 761589-0R
P1940 LEGGINGS 820428-0R
P1940/1956 LEGGINGS NO ACC #
HWN: P1940 LEGGINGS, WHITE, MP 1990.37.15
DRAWER 3a

P1943 LEGGINGS (SHORT) 860713-0R
P1943 LEGGINGS (SHORT) NO ACC #
DRAWER 4a

P1943 LEGGINGS 860464-0R
DRAWER 5a

P1875 ENL BRASS SHOULDER SCALE 861252
P1892 ENL SHOULDER KNOT PAIR:
861227
861231
DRAWER 6a

P1852 OFFICER’S SHOULDER KNOT (LINE 2ND LT) 860637-0R
P1859 OFFICER’S SHOULDER KNOT (2ND LT) 861602-0R
P1859 OFFICER’S SHOULDER KNOT (B/GEN) 860638-0R
P1875 OFFICER’S SHOULDER KNOT (STAFF) (LTCOL) 861429-0R
P1892 OFFICER’S SHOULDER KNOT (LINE) (CAPTAIN) 861274-0R
P1917 GENERAL OFFICER’S SHOULDER KNOT (MAJGEN) 861266-0R
P1875 OFFICER’S SHOULDER KNOT (STAFF) (B/GEN) (ADJINSP) 771069-0R
P1875 OFFICER’S SHOULDER KNOT (STAFF) (COL) (QMO) 861258-0R
DRAWER 7a

P1833 OFFICER’S EPAULETTES (2ND LT) 861370-0R
P1852 OFFICER’S EPAULETTES (MAJGEN) 861360-0R
P1852 OFFICER’S EPAULETTES (USN FLAG RANK) 861361-0R
P1922 OFFICER’S EPAULETTES (1ST LT) 861376-0R


DRAWER 8a

P1908 STAFF AIGULETTE 762067-0R
P1922 STAFF AND ADC DRESS AIGULETTE W/P1875 B/GEN
QMD SHOULDER KNOTS 861365-0R
P1922 SERVICE AIGULETTE (3 CORD) 861245-0R
P1922 SERVICE AIGULETTE (4 CORD) 771072-0R
P1929-55 SERVICE AIGULETTE (2 CORD) 861248
P1929-55 SERVICE AIGULETTE (2 CORD) 861247
P1929-55 SERVICE AIGULETTE (2 CORD) 861250


Edited by Bruce Linz, 05 December 2016 - 06:13 AM.


#39 Ironmajor

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Posted 13 December 2010 - 11:31 AM

Is it possible that anyone can tell me how to get a copy of the USMC Museum Uniform Cataloging Guide that is referenced in this thread as edited by Ken Smith-Christmas? Not sure who the POC would be at the NMMC, so am not sure who to call since Smith-Christmas went to Army museum and Nancy King (?) retired.

Am especially interested in the evolution of the khaki and flannel shirts; and the utility covers we have worn over the years.

From the part of it that is pasted in this thread, could I presume that:

FLANNEL SHIRTS:
P1904 Mustard-colored long-sleeve flannel shirt with 1 1/2 in collar with barrell cuffs.
P1917 Mustard colored long-sleeve flannel shirt with 3 in collar with reinforced elbows.
P1927 Mustard colored long-sleeve flannel shirt with standard collar, no reinforced elbows and worn up through Korean War, most common flannel shirt in pictures.
M2 (1951) Forrest green long-sleeve flannel shirt with standard collar, to be worn under the utility jacket or with cold weather trousers of new pattern (current) for flannel and khaki shirts.

KHAKI SHIRTS:
P1927 Same as flannel shirt but made in cotton khaki.
P1954 New pattern shirt, current pattern as of this date (2010)
P1958 New pattern khaki shirt with french cuffs, still current as of 2010.
P1961 New pattern short sleeve khaki shirt - still current as of 2010.

UTILITY COVERS: I am also interested in the evolution of the utility cover. The first one with pleats and a stenciled EGA on the front pattern is "P1944" and the next one is the newer model in HBT with three sewed panels, stenciled EGA and seven rows of stitches on the bill, the label inside says M-53, presumably for 1953. I would assume that when the material went to sateen in 1957, the cover was the same design (M1957 or P1957 ?). After that cover was adopted, sometime the sateen cover had its seven rows of stitches reduced to four or five, (I think four) - does anyone know what year this ocurred? And, at some point, stiffening three panels was reduced to one - anyone know what year that was? (Again -wish they would put a model or pattern number on the labels inside the garments!!)

GARMENT MODEL/PATTERN NUMBERS: Has anyone at the Marine Corps Uniform Board ever thought of telling the manufacturers to put the pattern or model number of the garment on the label? It would help Marines ID what they are looking for and want when purchasing, help SupOs ID what they are trying to order when multiple items are under the same TAMCN; and surely help the history buffs to ID and catalog when a garment or piece of equipment was in use by USMC.

thanks to anyone that can assist.

Semper Fidelis,
Stew Rayfield, Major, USMC (Ret)
[email protected]

#40 craig_pickrall

craig_pickrall

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Posted 13 December 2010 - 03:48 PM

http://www.usmilitar...p?showtopic=633

This link may offer some help.

#41 Airwolf

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Posted 01 June 2019 - 01:52 PM

wish I would have read this post a long time ago, it really has a wealth of info, thanks 




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